Over 180 species of plants can be found along the trails and coastlines. The plants found in the park have varied life histories. Some evolved in Hawaii, adapting to life in our isolated island chain. Others were brought to Hawaii by the first Polynesians to arrive here, providing them with the plants needed for food, medicine and clothing. Still other more recent introductions are out-competing our native flora, and posing a threat to our archeological treasures.
Did You Know?
Did you know that Bernice Pauahi Bishop planted one of the two historic coconut groves located in the Royal Grounds? As the story goes, the coconut grove was located in the area east of Keone‘ele Cove. The grove was planted sometime after Charles Bishop purchased the entire ahupua‘a of Hōnaunau in 1867 and subsequently gave it to Bernice as a gift. Historic testimonies indicate that men from surrounding area dug the holes and Bernice placed the nuts inside with her own hands. The coconut planting ceremony was then followed by a great feast.