National Park Service Fee Demonstration Program National Park Service
Grand Teton National Park
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Research on Fees in Parks

To help monitor and assess visitor reactions to this program the NPS has conducted outside research. Research began during the summer of 1997 with University of Minnesota Cooperative Park Studies Unit interviewing visitors at 11 national parks and continues. The results of the 2001 telephone public opinion research has been published.

Park visitors generally indicated strong support for the new fees, provided that all or most of the fees collected remain in the park or with the NPS to improve visitor services or protect resources. One NPS survey of visitors, indicated that 85% were either satisfied with the fees they paid or thought the fees were too low. Analysis of visitation to the fee demonstration sites shows no significant affect, either positive or negative, from the new fees.

Research Summaries:

1997 Visitor Reaction to Fee Demo

1997 NPS Managers' Views of Fee Demo Program

1998 Visitor Survey

1998 Management Assessment

1999 Comparing Visitor Reactions

2003 NPS Fees: An Examination of Public Attributes