• dogwood across creek

    Prince William Forest

    Park Virginia

Archeology of the Poor House

The Poor House Site is in the northwest corner of the Park, on the crest of a large east-west ridge. Archeologists found a well and at least four buildings on the site. They date to two different periods, one before and one after the Civil War.

The earlier buildings were at the eastern end of the site. A rubble foundation measuring 14 x 30 feet, with a stone chimney base at one end, was probably the Poor House of the 1790s. Near this barracks building is another level area, with a pile of brick and stone at one end. The artifacts from this area also date to before the Civil War. This area may be the location of some of the log cabins the overseers ordered.

The Post-Civil War buildings are a house with stone foundations measuring 18 x 20 feet, probably the residence of the overseer; a barn foundation; and a level area measuring about 20 x 100 feet where excavation produced hundreds of nails. This level area is almost certainly where the large barracks described in the 1920s stood.

Did You Know?