• East view from Crissy Field overlook with old Coast Guard station on left and city on right

    Presidio of San Francisco


Tree Swallow

(Tachycineta bicolor)
Tree Swallow
A Tree Swallow rests on a snag near Mountain Lake.
© Alan Hopkins 2001

Natural History: The Tree Swallow feeds primarily on insects caught in flight. It takes cover in woodlands near areas of water. It nests in cavities in snags, trees, and cliffs, breeding from mid-April to mid-August.

General Distribution: In the Presidio, this bird is found in forests of eucalyptus, Monterey Pine, and Redwood. This species breeds within the Presidio.

Frequency: This species is common in the Presidio in the summer, spring, and fall; however, it is rare during the winter months.

Identifying Characteristics: This species has a steely blue or green-black upper top and white below. It can be seen gliding in circles.

Presidio Birds main page

Did You Know?

Refugee Camp at the Presidio

In the aftermath of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, nearly 250,000 people were left homeless. The Army responded quickly, establishing refugee camps on the Presidio and organizing relief efforts.