• East view from Crissy Field overlook with old Coast Guard station on left and city on right

    Presidio of San Francisco


Dark-eyed Junco

(Junco Hyemalis)
Dark-eyed Junco
This Dark-eyed Junco has just taken a bath at El Polin Spring.
Will Elder, NPS

Natural History: The Dark-eyed Junco eats small arthropods, seeds, and fruit. It uses a mosiac of forests and open areas. This species nests usually on the ground near cover and breeds from April to August.

General Distribution: In the Presidio, the Dark-eyed Junco can be found in annual grasslands, coastal and dune scrub, in all forest areas, on lawns, and in ornamentals. It breeds within the Presidio.

Frequency: This species is common in the spring and summer and abundant during the fall and winter.

Identifying Characteristics: The Dark-eyed Junco has gray sides and back. Its tail is bordered with white.

Presidio Birds main page

Did You Know?

Detail from Spanish Coat of Arms

While stationed at the Presidio, the U.S. Army adopted the Coat of Arms of Royal Spain for heraldry purposes. The seal appeared on vehicles, signs, and badges throughout the post.