• East view from Crissy Field overlook with old Coast Guard station on left and city on right

    Presidio of San Francisco


Barn Swallow

(Hirundo rustica)
Barn swallow
Barn swallow on the Main Post.
Will Elder, NPS

Natural History: The Barn Swallow's diet primarily consists of insects, but it will occasionally eat berries and seeds. It prefers open country, especially near water. It plasters its mud pellet nests on ledges and walls of buildings or in cliff crevices, often in small colonies.

General Distribution: In the Presidio, this species can be found in all relatively open areas. It breeds within the Presidio.

Frequency: This species is abundant in the summer, spring, and fall.

Identifying Characteristics: This species has a reddish brown throat and a buff to cinnamon underside, separated by a dark, incomplete neck band. The tail is deeply forked.

Presidio Birds main page

Did You Know?

Albert Sidney Johnston

Colonel Albert Sidney Johnston, commander of the Pacific branch of the army, prepared the defenses of the San Francisco Bay and ordered the first garrison of Fort Point. Kentucky-born Johnston then resigned his commission to join the Confederate Army; he was killed at the battle of Shiloh in 1862.