Will Elder, NPS
Natural History: The European Starling is an introduced species in the Presidio. It eats invertebrates, seeds, fruits, and garbage, foraging in open habitats. It often roosts in large flocks. The Starling nests in cavities, crevices, nest boxes, outcompeting many native cavity nesters.
General Distribution: In the Presidio, this species can be found in annual grasslands, all forests, and all developed areas. It breeds in the Presidio.
Frequency: This species is abundant all year.
Identifying Characteristics: The European Starling is usually black in color with a glossy purple coat in the spring. It has a long, yellow bill. The bird takes on a speckled appearance in the winter.