History & Culture

The Presidio has a rich history spanning back to the time of the native Ohlone people. The Spanish arrived in 1776 to establish the northernmost outpost of their empire in western North America. The Presidio fell under Mexican rule for 24 years before the U.S. Army took control in 1846. Over 148 years, the U.S. Army transformed the Presidio grounds from mostly windswept dunes and scrub to a verdant, preeminent military post. Since 1994, the Presidio has been a part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area.

Use the links to the left to learn about the Presidio's people, places and stories.

The Mexican Presidio as painted by Richard Beechey in 1826

Painting of Mexican Presidio by Richard Beechey in 1826.

Illustration courtesy of the Mr. and Mrs. Henry S. Dakin Collection

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