DIRECTOR’S ORDER #46: WILD AND SCENIC RIVERS
Effective Date: ______________
Sunset Date: This order will remain in effect until amended or rescinded.
This Director’s Order, together with Handbook 46 (under development), supersedes any conflicting policies, instructions or requirements that may have been issued previously.
In 1968, the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act (WSRA) (16 USC 1271-1287; Public Law (PL) 90-542) was signed into law. The WSRA declared, as a matter of national policy, “that certain selected rivers of the Nation which, with their immediate environments, possess outstandingly remarkable scenic, recreational, geologic, fish and wildlife, historic, cultural or other similar values, shall be preserved in free-flowing condition, and . . . they and their immediate environments shall be protected for the benefit and enjoyment of present and future generations” (16 USC 1271). To accomplish this goal, the Act established a National Wild and Scenic Rivers System (NWSRS) (16 USC 1272).
The National Park Service (NPS) is one of the four Federal land-managing agencies with wild and scenic river (WSR) management responsibilities. WSRs administered by the Secretary of the Interior through the NPS may flow wholly or partly within the boundaries of existing national park system units, or may constitute new and separate units of the national park system. These congressionally designated WSRs are part of both the national park system and the NWSRS (16 USC 1281(c)). Other congressionally designated rivers are administered by the NPS in partnership with State and non-governmental organizations. Some of these partnership rivers are considered part of the national park system and the NWSRS, while others are explicitly excluded in their enabling legislation from inclusion in the national park system and are only included in the NWSRS. Other WSRs are designated by Secretarial action (16 USC 1273(a)(ii)) for inclusion in the NWSRS, but are administered by a State agency, with limited NPS responsibilities. Additionally, some NPS units have river protection language in their enabling legislation that is similar or identical to some provisions of the WSRA, although these rivers are not included in the NWSRS.
The NPS conducts congressionally authorized studies (16 USC 1276) of rivers for potential inclusion in the NWSRS, and also evaluates rivers within park units for wild and scenic eligibility and suitability as part of its ongoing planning activities.
2. Purpose and Scope
The purpose of this Director’s Order is to provide policy guidance necessary for accountability, consistency and continuity in the implementation of the WSRA by the National Park Service. This includes: (1) management responsibilities for designated WSRs that are part of the national park system, partnership WSRs, and rivers in NPS units with protective language similar to that of the WSRA in their enabling legislation; and (2) section 7 (16 USC 1278) responsibilities for State-administered components of the NWSRS. This order also advises on responsibilities related to WSR planning studies and the Nationwide Rivers Inventory (NRI).
Authority to issue this Director’s Order is contained in the NPS Organic Act (16 USC 1 through 4), as delegated by Part 245 of the Department of the Interior Manual. Specific authority governing WSRs is contained in the WSRA (16 USC 1271—1287).
This Director’s Order is intended only to improve the internal management of the NPS, and is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or equity by a party against the United States, its departments, agencies, instrumentalities or entities, its officers or employees, or any other person.
4. NPS Responsibilities
The NPS has varying responsibilities for WSRs within the national park system, partnership WSRs, and State-administered WSRs. The NPS also manages river parks with enabling legislation similar to the WSRA, and conducts WSR planning and studies.
4.1 Section 7 of the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act
NPS responsibilities on WSRs vary depending upon whether the river is part of the national park system, a partnership river, a State-administered component of the NWSRS, or a congressionally authorized study river. For all of these WSRs, however, the NPS has responsibility for implementing section 7 of the WSRA (16 USC 1278).
Congress passed the WSRA to protect selected rivers from dams, diversions, channelization and other projects that have had detrimental effects on so many of the Nation’s waterways. While the WSRA provides a number of important measures to protect and enhance the values for which rivers are added to the NWSRS, none is more significant than the restrictions on water resources projects provided in section 7.
Section 7(a) provides each river designated into the NWSRS with permanent protection from federally licensed or assisted dams, diversions, channelization or other water resources projects that would have a direct and adverse effect on its free‐flowing condition, water quality, or “outstandingly remarkable values”; or, for projects upstream, downstream, or on a tributary to the designated segments, that would invade or unreasonably diminish the segment’s fish, wildlife, scenic, or recreational resources. The determination of a proposed federally assisted water resources project’s potential impacts on a river’s outstandingly remarkable values, water quality, and free‐flowing condition is made by the NPS.
Section 7(a) also explicitly prohibits the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) from licensing any new dam, water conduit, reservoir, powerhouse, transmission line, or other project works on or directly affecting a designated river segment. The determination of whether a proposed FERC project is on or directly affects a river is made by the NPS.
Section 7(b) provides essentially identical protection for congressionally authorized study rivers, except it eliminates the word “unreasonably” from the standard pertaining to projects outside the designated segments, making protection during the study process stronger.
4.1.2 NPS Management Responsibilities
To implement section 7 of the WSRA, the NPS will:
Guidance on section 7 definitions and implementation is provided in Handbook 46 and on the Interagency Wild and Scenic Rivers Coordinating Council web site at http://www.rivers.gov.
4.2 Wild and Scenic Rivers within the National Park System
These WSRs are congressionally designated under section 3(a) of the WSRA (16 USC 1274(a)). They are administered solely by the NPS or jointly with another Federal agency, flow wholly or partly within the boundaries of existing national park system units, or were designated as separate park units. They are part of both the national park system and the NWSRS.
4.2.2 NPS Management Responsibilities
WSRs within the national park system are subject to all laws, regulations and policies applicable to the national park system pursuant to section 10(c) of the WSRA (16 USC 1281(c)), in addition to all the mandates of the WSRA. In particular, the WSRA requires that the administering agency of each designated river (unless otherwise provided in river-specific legislation), will:
· Manage the river to protect and enhance the values for which it was designated - the free flow, water quality, and outstandingly remarkable values. Section 10(a) of the WSRA (16 USC 1281(a)) directs managers to protect and enhance these values “without, insofar as is consistent therewith, limiting other uses that do not substantially interfere with public use and enjoyment of these values.” This may require attention to values and activities on adjacent lands. The “protect and enhance” language of section 10(a) is interpreted in the Secretary of the Interior and Secretary of Agriculture’s Final Revised Guidelines for Eligibility, Classification and Management of River Areas, 47 Fed. Reg. 39454 (Interagency Guidelines) as “a non-degradation and enhancement policy for all designated river areas, regardless of classification.” In keeping with the intent of the National Parks Omnibus Management Act of 1998 (16 USC 5901 – 6011), in particular, 16 USC 5934, managers will monitor the free-flowing character, outstandingly remarkable resource values and water quality of park rivers to establish baseline information and to provide information on long-term trends.
4.3 Partnership Wild and Scenic Rivers
has specified in some WSR designations, under section 3(a) of the WSRA (16 USC
1274(a)), that rivers are to be administered by the Secretary of the Interior through
the NPS in partnership with local governments, councils, and non-governmental
organizations (NGOs). The NPS refers to
such WSRs as “partnership rivers.” In
some cases, the enabling legislation explicitly provides that such rivers will
not be part of the national park system.
However, if the enabling legislation does not explicitly address this
issue, then the rivers are part of the national park system as established by
section 10(c) of the WSRA.
Partnership rivers are typically designated following a congressionally
authorized study during which a river management plan is developed in
cooperation with stakeholders utilizing NPS technical assistance and funding,
and such plans are usually identified as satisfying the requirements of section
3(d)(1) of the WSRA when Congress adds the rivers to the NWSRS.
4.3.2 NPS Management Responsibilities
Although administered by the NPS, river management is accomplished in a collaborative partnership between the NPS and State, local and/or non-governmental entities, as specified in the designation legislation and the comprehensive river management plan. To date, locally based river management councils or committees have been formed on each partnership river specifically for this purpose. The NPS is ultimately responsible for overall implementation of the legislative intent of the WSRA to protect and enhance designated river areas.
The NPS is the responsible party for the implementation of section 7(a) of the WSRA regardless of the degree to which it shares other management functions on partnership rivers. Determining the impacts of federally assisted water resources projects is an NPS responsibility, as delegated by the Secretary, and may not be redelegated to any other entity.
NPS and partner responsibilities should be specified in an individual river’s comprehensive river management plan, which should be completed prior to designation to ensure a sound basis for successful partnership management. River management plans, management councils, and other elements are typically adopted by Congress through reference in individual river designating legislation and/or written agreements authorized by the river’s designation.
Regional River Managers for Partnership Wild and Scenic Rivers provide planning and technical assistance to State, local and/or non-governmental entities for implementation of comprehensive river management plans, administration of cooperative agreements, and implementation of section 7(a) of the WSRA.
4.4 State-administered Wild and Scenic Rivers
The WSRA established a process by which rivers can be added to the NWSRS through administrative action by the Secretary of the Interior. Section 2(a)(ii) of the WSRA (16 USC 1273(a)(ii)) allows the Governor of a State to apply to the Secretary for national designation of rivers already protected by or pursuant to an act of the State legislature. The NPS has been delegated authority to evaluate whether the requirements of section 2(a)(ii) have been met, determine an appropriate classification, and make a recommendation to the Secretary.
Rivers designated under section 2(a)(ii) are administered by State or local agencies. The State/local administering agency is responsible for protecting and enhancing river values. Federal management is precluded on these rivers, and they must be administered without cost to the Federal Government. However, any Federal lands included in the designation are administered by the appropriate Federal agency. The WSRA does not require the establishment of boundaries or the preparation of a comprehensive river management plan for State-administered rivers. Section 2(a)(ii) is ideally suited to rivers where there is a strong tradition of State or local management and protection of the river.
4.4.2 NPS Responsibilities
The NPS is responsible for implementation of section 7(a) on State-administered WSRs, despite the WSRA’s stipulation that such rivers be administered at no expense to the Federal Government. This responsibility is no different from the NPS’s responsibility for implementing section 7 on rivers for which the NPS is the administrative lead, and may not be redelegated to any other group or entity.
Whenever possible, NPS personnel should maintain an effective working relationship with the State administrator and other regulatory agencies on 2(a)(ii) rivers.
4.5 River Parks with Enabling Legislation Similar to the WSRA
Some rivers within selected NPS units have specific management responsibilities prescribed by Congress that are similar to the requirements described in the WSRA. In each of these cases, the individual park’s enabling legislation requires protection of the river’s free-flowing condition and associated natural, scenic, geologic, fish and wildlife, historic and other values. Sometimes, the park enabling legislation has special provisions associated with the particular river or an ongoing project. Their enabling legislation may also impose prohibitions on water resources projects or require the evaluation of federally assisted water resources projects under language similar to that found under section 7(a) of the WSRA. While these rivers are not included in the NWSRS, they are to be managed in a comparable fashion.
4.5.2 NPS Management Responsibilities
Staff in river parks with section 7-type provisions must evaluate federally assisted water resources projects within the identified river, as well as upstream, downstream and on any tributaries to the designated reach before Federal actions can be approved. This may require close coordination with other Federal agencies (e.g., U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the Federal Highway Administration). Permits will only be issued by the Federal agency if it has been determined in writing by the NPS that the proposed project would not violate the park’s legislation. In many instances, the Federal water resources project reviews and determinations should be prepared in accordance with the requirements of section 7(a) of the WSRA. Park staff must be familiar with the specific requirements of the WSRA and their park’s enabling legislation to fully understand the context for preparing water resources project determinations.
4.6 Wild and Scenic River Planning and Studies
4.6.1 Comprehensive River Management Plans
For each WSR designated by Congress and assigned to the NPS for administration, the NPS will prepare appropriate planning documents to address resource protection, the development of lands and facilities, user capacities, and other management practices necessary or desirable to achieve the purposes of the WSRA. Each river’s comprehensive river management plan (CRMP) will include, at a minimum, those provisions stipulated in sections 3(d)(1) and 10(a) of the WSRA (16 USC 1274(d)(1) and 1281(a)) that outline comprehensive plan requirements. CRMPs may also include such other provisions as may be needed to satisfy the objective of chapter 2, “Park System Planning,” of NPS Management Policies (2006) and the unique circumstances of the river. In cases where the NPS is writing a CRMP for rivers that cross onto lands administered by other Federal land management agencies, the NPS will coordinate closely with these agencies to support consistent protection of river values across jurisdictions, to the extent practicable. WSR managers should periodically review their river’s values (free-flow, water quality, and outstandingly remarkable values) and their CRMP to ensure that new information and knowledge is incorporated appropriately.
On WSRs managed according to the NPS Partnership Rivers model that have CRMPs prepared during pre-designation studies that were subsequently adopted by Congress to satisfy the plan requirements of section 3(d)(1) of the WSRA, the NPS should, in cooperation with its partners, periodically review and update the CRMP to address changed circumstances and resource protection needs. Each river will be managed according to the CRMP.
River management staff will also collaborate with local stakeholders in the development and implementation of other appropriate plans, including interpretive plans, access plans, land protection plans, and sign plans. In addition, similar project documents may be developed by river superintendents and managers in collaboration with affected parties.
4.6.2 Congressionally Authorized Studies
Most rivers are added to the NWSRS through Federal legislation, after a study of the river’s eligibility and suitability for designation by one of the four Federal agencies responsible for WSRs. Congress authorizes a study by amending section 5(a) of the WSRA (16 USC 1276(a)). Generally, section 5(a) studies must be completed, and a report delivered to Congress, in three years. During the course of the study and for three additional years after the study has been transmitted for congressional consideration, study rivers are afforded protection from the adverse impacts of water resources development projects under section 7(b) of the WSRA (16 USC 1278(b)). During this period, section 7(b) provides similar protection for study rivers as section 7(a) does for designated rivers, though slightly stronger.
4.6.3 Park Planning Studies
Section 5(d)(1) of the WSRA (16 USC 1276(d)(1)) states: “In all planning for the use and development of water and related land resources, consideration shall be given by all Federal agencies involved to potential national wild, scenic and recreational river areas . . . .”
In partial fulfillment of section 5(d)(1), in 1990 the Director issued Special Directive 90-4, requiring parks to determine which rivers on national park system lands are eligible for inclusion in the NWSRS. Many parks have since modified their initial findings with more-detailed eligibility studies.
Special Directive 90-4 was superseded by NPS Management Policies (2006), sections 22.214.171.124 and 4.3.4, which direct that park rivers be studied for their eligibility and suitability for inclusion in the NWSRS. Park river managers must protect rivers found to be eligible for WSR designation. Management Policies state that “[n]o management actions may be taken that could adversely affect the values that qualify a river for inclusion . . . .” Eligibility and suitability studies are usually conducted by the parks and/or regional planning programs as part of a broad-based park planning effort.
4.6.4 The Nationwide Rivers Inventory
Originally prepared in partial fulfillment of section 5(d)(1), the Nationwide Rivers Inventory (NRI) lists more than 3,400 free-flowing river segments in the United States that are believed to possess one or more "outstandingly remarkable" natural or cultural values judged to be of more than local or regional significance. Hence, these rivers are potential candidates for inclusion in the NWSRS. The NRI provides NPS planners and administrators with a starting point when conducting required section 5(d)(1) river studies.
Pursuant to (1) Executive memorandum dated August 2, 1979, and (2) the related Procedures for Interagency Consultation to Avoid or Mitigate Adverse Effects on Rivers in the Nationwide Rivers Inventory promulgated by the Council on Environmental Quality August 11, 1980, 45 Fed. Reg. 59190-59192, all Federal agencies, as part of ongoing planning, management, and environmental review activities, must assess whether rivers on their lands that are identified in the NRI are suitable for inclusion in the NWSRS. Federal agencies, including the NPS, must take care to avoid or mitigate actions that could adversely affect NRI segments, and must consult with the NPS prior to taking actions which could effectively foreclose wild, scenic, or recreational river status on NRI rivers.
4.7 Technical Support
Every wild and scenic river will be eligible for operational funds, special program funds, and the complete array of professional services from NPS divisions and programs, unless otherwise restricted.
The NPS Rivers, Trails, and Conservation Assistance Program (RTCA) provides planning and technical assistance to communities for natural resource conservation and outdoor recreation projects. Section 11(b) of the WSRA (16 USC 1282(b)) authorizes the NPS, as well as other Federal agencies, to assist States and their political subdivisions, landowners, organizations or individuals, to plan, protect and manage river-related resources through written agreements or otherwise. This authority applies within or outside federally administered areas and applies to rivers which are components of the NWSRS and to other rivers.
Written agreements or other instruments are authorized to implement CRMPs in partnership with States, local governments, their appointed councils, committees and non-governmental organizations consistent with the sections 10(e) and 11(b)(1) of the WSRA (16 USC 1281(e) and 1282(b)(1)), and each river’s enabling legislation.
Signs should use the NWSRS logo to identify a river as part of the National System. Placement of signs should be consistent with classification and direction in the CRMP or related sign plan. If the NPS Arrowhead is used, it will be posted consistent with guidance in Director’s Order #52C: Park Signs (and related supplementary materials), including The NPS and its Partners: Graphic Identity Framework.
5. Responsible Parties
As delegated by the Secretary of the Interior, the Director has ultimate authority for all NPS responsibilities pursuant to the WSRA, including:
5.2 NPS Wild and Scenic Rivers Program
5.2.1 Assistant Director, Partnerships and Civic Engagement and Associate Director, Natural Resources Stewardship and Science
The Assistant Director, Partnerships and Civic Engagement, and the Associate Director, Natural Resources Stewardship and Science (Assistant/Associate Directors) oversee the WSR Program, authorized by the National Leadership Council on May 17, 2007, and develop standards and procedures necessary to implement a comprehensive Service-wide WSR Program that meets the legislative requirements of the WSRA, improves internal and external communication and coordination, educates NPS staff, stakeholders and the public about the importance of WSRs, and protects the river-related resources under NPS care.
The Assistant/Associate Directors:
5.2.2 Service-wide Steering Committee
The Service-wide Steering Committee:
For further information on the Steering Committee, see the NPS WSR Steering Committee Charter and Recommended WSR Program Roles and Responsibilities.
5.2.3 WSR Program Coordinator
The WSR Program Coordinator:
5.3 Regional Directors
Regional directors have authority for all responsibilities under the WSRA in their region. Some or all of these responsibilities may be delegated to regional staff. For example, for rivers that are part of the national park system, WSRA authorities may be delegated to a park superintendent. For partnership rivers, these authorities may be delegated to an NPS river manager. Authority for State-administered rivers may be delegated to an NPS superintendent, an NPS river manager or other appropriate NPS staff. Regional directors will identify regional and park staff to serve on the WSR Steering Committee.
Superintendents charged with the administration of WSRs, or parks with enabling legislation similar to the WSRA, are responsible for their day-to-day management. Such management will comply with all laws, policies, and regulations governing the national park system and the NWSRS. Pursuant to section 7(a) of the WSRA and specific park legislation as appropriate, superintendents must review all proposed water resources projects (including those upstream, downstream, and on tributaries of the designated segment of a river, and whether they are proposed by the NPS or some other entity) to determine whether such projects would adversely affect the values for which the river was designated, in accordance with the responsibilities delegated by the regional director. Superintendents may be delegated signature authority for section 7 determinations; controversial projects may be elevated to the regional director for review and approval.
Superintendents will also (1) identify a park WSR coordinator to serve as a point of contact for WSR issues and to represent the park in discussions with the regional representative on the WSR Steering Committee, (2) consult with the Steering Committee as needed, particularly with regard to comprehensive river management plans and section 7 determinations; (3) keep abreast of the activities of the IWSRCC; and (4) develop/maintain relationships with Federal entities that could be involved in initiating water resource projects.
5.5 River Managers
Regional directors may delegate NPS administrative responsibilities for partnership rivers, including section 7(a) signature authority, to NPS river managers in the region. Regional directors may similarly delegate section 7(a) signature authority on State-administered rivers. Controversial projects will be elevated to the regional director for review and approval.
Regional river managers will (1) consult with the Steering Committee as needed, particularly with regard to comprehensive river management plans and section 7 determinations; (2) keep abreast of the activities of the IWSRCC; and (3) develop/maintain relationships with Federal entities, as well as State/local administering agencies for State-administered rivers, that could be involved in initiating water resource projects.
The following legislation, policy guidance, and technical papers provide guidance to parks and regions administering WSRs.
· The Interagency Guidelines
· Handbook 46 (under development) contains detailed guidance on NPS policies, requirements, and standards regarding implementation of the WSRA.
· WSR managers also should consider guidance provided by the IWSRCC. The IWSRCC consists of representatives of the four Federal WSR-administering agencies (NPS, U.S. Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management, and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service), and has the overriding goal of improving interagency coordination in the implementation of the WSRA. The IWSRCC has published a number of technical papers which are available online. Managers should consult these technical papers when implementing all requirements of the WSRA.
· Although superseded, Special Directive 90-4, “Determination of Rivers on National Park System Lands which are Eligible for National Wild and Scenic Rivers System Designation” (as amended November 10, 1995), remains helpful for direction on conducting eligibility studies in the parks. This guidance will be incorporated in Handbook 46.
· For WSR studies, see (1) the IWSRCC’s technical paper on the study process, and (2) chapter 2 of the Management Policies, and the GMP Dynamic Sourcebook http://planning.nps.gov/GMPSourcebook/GMPhome.htm.
---- End of Director’s Order ----
 Additional information regarding Director’s Orders can be found on the NPS Office of Policy web site at http://www.nps.gov/policy/DOrders/thingstoknow.htm.
 A “water resources project” under section 7 of the WSRA is defined as any dam, water conduit, reservoir, powerhouse, transmission line, or other project works under the Federal Power Act (FPA), or other construction of developments which would affect the free-flowing characteristics of a wild and scenic or congressionally authorized study river (36 CFR 297.3). In addition to projects licensed by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), water resources projects include, but are not limited to: dams; reservoirs; water diversion projects; fisheries habitat and watershed restoration/enhancement projects; bridges and other roadway construction/ reconstruction projects; bank stabilization projects; channelization projects; levee construction; recreation facilities such as boat ramps and fishing piers; and activities that require a permit from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers pursuant to section 404 of the Clean Water Act (33 USC 1344).
 “[N]o department or agency of the United States shall assist by loan, grant, license, or otherwise in the construction of any water resources project that would have a direct and adverse effect on the values for which such river was established . . . .” 16 USC 1278(a).
 The WSRA directs that water resources projects be evaluated under one of three different standards, depending on the location of the project and the status of the river:
a. Water resources projects located on a designated or study river may not have a “direct and adverse effect” upon the values for which the river was, or may be, designated (free-flow, water quality, and outstandingly remarkable values). 16 USC 1278(a) and (b).
b. Water resources projects located upstream, downstream, or on a stream tributary to a designated river may not “invade . . . or unreasonably diminish” scenic, recreational, or fish and wildlife values. 16 USC 1278(a).
c. Water resources projects located upstream, downstream, or on a stream tributary to a congressionally authorized study river may not “invade or diminish” scenic, recreational, or fish and wildlife values. 16 USC 1278(b).
 Detail on where records will be maintained is provided in Director’s Order #11D: Records Management, and in Handbook 46.
 Some “partnership rivers” are part of the national park system. NPS responsibilities for these rivers are described in section 4.3.
 When a WSR is jointly managed by the NPS and another Federal agency, specific management responsibilities will be determined by agreement between the agencies.
 However, 640 acres for rivers outside park boundaries designated by the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA) (16 USC 3101—3233).
 Classification describes the baseline level of development at the time of designation.
 Some partnership WSRs (e.g., the Great Egg Harbor, Lamprey and Maurice Rivers) are managed by the NPS as part of the national park system, even though they contain no Federal lands).
 The Wolf River in Wisconsin is a congressionally designated WSR, but is tribally managed very much like a 2(a)(ii) State-administered river.
 NPS-provided technical assistance related to river conservation and recreation projects is not considered WSR management or administration, and is authorized under the WSRA’s section 11(b) (16 USC 1282(b)).
 For example, Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area, Buffalo National River, Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area, Gauley River National Recreation Area, Little River Canyon National Preserve, New River Gorge National River, and Ozark National Scenic Riverways.
 Rivers may also be added to the NWSRS through “instant” designations, whereby Congress amends the Act to designate the river without a prior study.
 Water resources projects below, above or on a stream tributary to a congressionally authorized study river may not “invade or diminish” river values. For water resources projects below, above or on a stream tributary to a designated river, the standard is “invade or unreasonably diminish.”
 Typically the Rivers, Trails and Conservation Assistance (RTCA) Program or regional compliance staff are assigned this responsibility, as determined by the appropriate regional director.
 See 245 DM 1, in particular, section 1.1(C)(1). The 1987 memorandum to regional directors from acting Associate Director James Stewart regarding the delegation of authority is superseded by this Director’s Order.