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An introduction to using native plants in restoration projects.

Why Use Native Plants?
Planning A Native Plant Project

Establishing A Realistic Timeframe
Determining Project Targets

Defining The Problem
Setting Goals And Objectives

Evaluating The Site

Soils
Topography
Hydrology
Existing Ecological Communities
Disturbances
Climate And Microclimate

Choosing The Appropriate Plant Species
Understanding The Importance Of Genetics
Active Reintroduction Of Natives Or Let Them Return Naturally?
Active Reintroduction: Seeds Or Plants
Sources Of Seeds
Sources Of Plants

Contract With A Native Plant Supplier
Salvage Plants
Collect And Propagate The Plant Material Using Project Staff
Buy Already Grown Plants From A Nursery

Selecting Plant Product Types

Micropropagation

Selecting A Suitable Supplier

Plant Material Suppliers
Seed Suppliers

Evaluating Plant Material

Aftercare

Writing Specifications For Obtaining Plants From A Commercial Grower
Writing Specifications For Seed Collection Or Field Production

Preparing The Site

Noxious Weeds And Invasive Plants
Reduced Soil Function
Soil Contamination
Soil Compaction
Soil Erosion
Improper Hydrology
Detrimental Disturbance Patterns

Planting The Site

Seeding Restoration Sites

Timing
Site Preparation
Seed Mixes
Seeding Techniques
Mulch
Cover Crop

Planting Young Plants
Using Volunteer Labor

Caring For The Site

Watering
Erosion Control
Invasive Species Controls
Fertilization
Pest Management
Continuous Protection Of Restoration Site

Protection From Grazing Or Browsing

Monitoring

Diversity
Density
Percent Cover
Frequency
Biomass

Maintenance Using Prescribed Burning
Adaptive Management

Final Thoughts

Appendix A: Selected Websites

Literature Cited