Piedmont Region Sample Lists: Plants for Shade, Woodlands, or Woods Edges with Dry to Moist Soil


* designates plants for part shade (not for full shade)

Ferns:
Adiantum pedatum - maidenhair fern *
Asplenium platyneuron - ebony spleenwort
Botrychium virginianum - rattlesnake fern
Dennstaedtia punctilobula - hay-scented fern *
Dryopteris marginalis - evergreen wood fern
Dryopteris spinulosa - spinulose wood fern
Polystichum acrostichoides - Christmas fern (evgr)
Woodwardia areolata - netted chain fern

Grasses and Grasslike Plants:
Carex glaucodea - blue wood sedge
Carex pensylvanica - sedge
Chasmanthium latifolium - wild (river) oats *
Elymus hystrix - bottlebrush grass
Elymus virginicus - Virginia wild rye

Groundcovers:
Asarum canadense - wild ginger
Carex glaucodea - blue wood sedge
Chimaphila maculata - striped wintergreen
Chrysogonum virginianum - green-and-gold *
Gaultheria procumbens - wintergreen
Hepatica americana - round-lobed hepatica
Maianthemum canadense - Canada mayflower
Mitchella repens - partridgeberry (evgr)
Sedum ternatum - mountain stonecrop
Uvularia sessilifolia - straw lily

Herbaceous Plants:
Aquilegia canadensis - eastern columbine
Aralia racemosa - spikenard
Arisaema triphyllum - Jack-in-the-pulpit
Chelone glabra - white turtlehead *
Claytonia virginica - spring beauty
Dentaria laciniata - toothwort
Dicentra cucullaria - Dutchman's breeches
Dicentra eximia - wild bleeding heart
Erythronium americanum - trout lily
Eupatorium rugosum - white snakeroot *
Geranium maculatum - wild geranium
Helenium autumnale - yellow sneezeweed
Heuchera americana - alumroot (semi-evergreen)
Houstonia caerulea - bluet, innocence *
Lobelia siphilitica - great blue lobelia
Mertensia virginica - Virginia bluebells
Phlox divaricata - woodland blue phlox
Podophyllum peltatum - Mayapple
Polemonium reptans - Jacob's ladder
Polygonatum biflorum - Solomon's seal
Sanguinaria canadensis - bloodroot
Saxifraga virginiensis - early saxifrage
Senecio aureus - golden ragwort
Smilacina racemosa - false Solomon's seal
Thalictrum polygamum - tall meadow rue
Tiarella cordifolia - foamflower
Tradescantia virginiana - Virginia spiderwort
Trillium grandiflorum - white trillium

Shrubs (low):
Gaylussacia baccata - black huckleberry
Viburnum acerifolium - maple-leaved arrowwood
Shrubs (medium):
Cornus amomum - silky dogwood *
Hamamelis virginiana - witch hazel *
Hydrangea arborescens - wild hydrangea
Leucothoe racemosa - fetterbush
Lindera benzoin - spicebush *
Lyonia ligustrina - male-berry
Vaccinium stamineum - deerberry *
Viburnum nudum - naked witherod *
Shrubs (tall):
Corylus americana - American hazelnut *
Ilex decidua - possom haw *
Kalmia latifolia - mountain laurel (evrgr)
Viburnum prunifolium - black haw *

Trees (small/medium):
Amelanchier canadensis - serviceberry
Carpinus caroliniana - American hornbeam
Cercis canadensis - eastern redbud
Chionanthus virginicus - white fringetree
Cornus florida - flowering dogwood
Ilex opaca - American holly *
Magnolia virginiana - sweetbay magnolia
Ostrya virginiana - hop-hornbeam
Pyrus angustifolia - southern crabapple
Sassafras albidum - sassafras *
Trees (tall):
Carya alba (tomentosa) - mockernut hickory
Diospyros virginiana - common persimmon
Nyssa sylvatica - black gum, sourgum
Quercus rubra - northern red oak
Tilia americana - American basswood *
Tsuga canadensis - eastern hemlock (evgr)
Ulmus rubra - slippery elm

Vines:
Celastrus scandens - American bittersweet
Clematis viorna - leather flower
Parthenocissus quinquefolia - Virginia creeper


 Publication by USFWS BayScapes Conservation Landscaping Program
 
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http://www.nps.gov/plants/pubs/nativesMD/piedmont/piedmont-shadelist.htm
Last updated: 9/4/01