Piedmont Region: Herbaceous Plants

Other plant types: Fern/Fern Ally | Grass/Grasslike | Groundcover | Herbaceous Emergent | Shrub | Tree | Vine

Soil Moisture: Sunlight: Flower Color (simplified, all shades):
W = wet Su = full sun B = brown R = red O = orange
M = moist PS = part shade W = white P = pink G = green
D = dry Sh = full shade Y = yellow Pu = purple Bl = blue
    * denotes evergreen or semi-evergreen foliage

HERBACEOUS
Scientific Name Common Name
W
M
D
Su
PS
Sh
Height Color Bloom
Anemone canadensis round-leaved anemone  
X
 
X
X
  0.5-1.5’ W May-Jul
Aquilegia canadensis easte rn or wild columbine  
X
X
X
X
X
R-Y Apr-May
Aralia racemosa spikenard  
X
   
X
X
to 6’ W July
Arisaema triphyllum Jack-in-the-pulpit
X
X
   
X
X
striped Apr-Jun
Asclepias incarnata swamp milkweed  
X
 
X
X
  P May-Jun
Asclepias syriaca common milkweed    
X
X
    Pu Jun-Aug
Asclepias tuberosa butterflyweed  
X
X
X
X
  O May-Jun
Aster divaricatus white wood aster  
X
X
X
X
  1-3’ W Jul-Aug
Aster ericoides heath aster  
X
X
X
X
  1-3.5’ W Jul-Nov
Aster laevis smooth blue aster    
X
X
    2-5’ Bl, Pu Aug-Oct
Aster novae-angliae New England aster  
X
X
X
X
  to 6' Pu Sep-Oct
Aster novi-belgii New York aster  
X
 
X
X
  3-4’ Bl, Pu Jul-Oct
Aster pilosus white heath aster    
X
X
X
  3.5’ W Aug-Oct
Baptisia australis blue false indigo  
X
X
X
X
  3-5’ Bl, Pu May-Jun
Baptisia tinctoria wild indigo    
X
X
    Y Jun-Sep
Chelone glabra white turtlehead
X
X
   
X
  W Aug-Oct
Chrysogonum virginianum green-and-gold  
X
X
 
X
  <1’ Y Mar-Jun
Chrysopsis mariana Maryland golden aster    
X
X
X
  0.5-2’ Y Aug-Oct
Cimicifuga racemosa black snakeroot  
X
     
X
W Jun-Jul
Claytonia virginica narrowleaf spring beauty  
X
     
X
<1’ W, P Mar-May
Coreopsis tinctoria tickseed sunflower    
X
X
X
  1-3’ Y Jun-Sep
Coreopsis verticillata threadleaf Coreopsis    
X
X
X
  Y Jun-Oct
Dentaria laciniata toothwort  
X
     
X
W, Pu Apr-Jun
Desmodium paniculatum panicled tick-trefoil    
X
X
X
  2-4’ Pu Jul-Sep
Dicentra cucullaria Dutchman’s breeches  
X
     
X
<1’ W Apr-May
Dicentra eximia wild bleeding heart  
X
     
X
1.5’ P, W Apr-Sep
Erythronium americanum trout lily
X
X
   
X
X
Y Mar-Jun
Eupatorium dubium Joe-Pye weed
X
X
 
X
X
  4-7’ Pu Jul-Sep
Eupatorium fistulosum Joe-Pye weed  
X
X
X
    1.5-6’ P Jul-Sep
Eupatorium maculatum spotted Joe-Pye weed  
X
 
X
X
  2-6’ P Jul-Sep
Eupatorium perfoliatum common boneset
X
X
 
X
X
  3.5’ W Jul-Oct
Eupatorium purpureum green-stemmed Joe-Pye weed  
X
 
X
X
  2-6’ P Jul-Sep
Eupatorium rugosum white snakeroot  
X
X
 
X
  3.5’ W Jun-Aug
Geranium maculatum wild geranium  
X
   
X
X
P, Pu Apr-Jul
Helenium autumnale yellow sneezeweed  
X
 
X
X
X
1.5-3’ Y Aug-Nov
Helianthus divaricatus woodland sunflower    
X
 
X
  1.5-6’ Y Jul-Sep
Heliopsis helianthoides oxeye sunflower  
X
X
X
X
  1.5-3.5’ Y Jul-Sep
Hepatica americana round-lobed hepatica  
X
X
 
X
X
<1’ W, Pu Mar-Jun
Heuchera americana alumroot  
X
X
 
X
X
1.5’ G, W * Apr-Jun
Houstonia caerulea bluet, innocence  
X
 
X
X
  <1’ Bl, W Apr-Jun
Liatris graminifolia grass-leaf blazingstar  
X
X
X
X
  1-3’ Pu Sep-Oct
Lilium canadense Canada lily
X
X
 
X
X
  1.5-4.5’ O Jun-Aug
Lilium superbum Turk’s cap lily
X
X
 
X
X
  4-7’ Y, O, R Jul-Aug
Lobelia cardinalis cardinal flower
X
X
 
X
X
  R Jul-Sep
Lobelia siphilitica great blue lobelia
X
X
 
X
X
X
Bl Aug-Oct
Mertensia virginica Virginia bluebells  
X
   
X
X
Bl Mar-Apr
Monarda fistulosa wild bergamot  
X
X
X
X
  1.5-5 P, Pu Jul-Aug
Monarda punctata horsemint    
X
X
    0.5-3’ Y-Pu Jun-Oct
Oenothera fruticosa narrow-leaved sundrops
X
X
 
X
    Y Jun-Sep
Oenothera perennis sundrops    
X
X
    1-3’ Y May-Aug
Penstemon digitalis beardtongue  
X
X
X
X
  W Jun-Jul
Phlox divaricata woodland blue phlox  
X
   
X
X
1.5’ Bl Apr-May
Phlox subulata moss phlox    
X
X
    <1’ P, W * Apr-May
Physostegia virginiana obedient plant, false dragonhead  
X
X
X
    P, Pu Aug-Sep
Podophyllum peltatum Mayapple  
X
   
X
X
W Apr-May
Polemonium reptans Jacob’s ladder  
X
   
X
X
0.5-1.5’ Bl Apr-Jun
Polygonatum biflorum Solomon’s seal  
X
X
 
X
X
0.5-2’ W May-Jun
Rudbeckia fulgida early coneflower  
X
 
X
X
  1.5’ Y Jul-Oct
Rudbeckia hirta black-eyed Susan  
X
X
X
X
  Y Jun-Oct
Rudbeckia laciniata tall or green-headed coneflower  
X
 
X
X
  1.5-9’ Y Jul-Sep
Rudbeckia triloba three-lobed coneflower  
X
 
X
X
  1.5-4.5’ Y Jun-Oct
Sanguinaria canadensis bloodroot  
X
     
X
<1’ W Mar-May
Saxifraga virginiensis early saxifrage  
X
X
X
X
X
W Mar-May
Senecio aureus golden ragwort
X
X
 
X
X
X
0.5-2.5’ Y Apr-Aug
Senna marilandica (Cassia marilandica) Maryland wild senna    
X
 
X
  3-4’ Y Jul-Aug
Silene stellata starry campion  
X
X
X
X
  1-2’ W Jul-Sep
Sisyrinchium atlanticum coastal blue-eyed grass
X
X
 
X
    0.5-2.5’ Bl May-Jul
Sisyrinchium graminoides blue-eyed grass  
X
X
X
X
  0.5-1.5’ Bl Apr-Jun
Smilacina racemosa false Solomon’s seal  
X
   
X
X
2.5’ W May-Jul
Solidago caesia blue-stemmed goldenrod  
X
X
X
X
  1-3’ Y Aug-Oct
Solidago nemoralis gray goldenrod    
X
X
X
  0.5-3’ Y Jul-Nov
Solidago rigida rigid goldenrod  
X
X
X
    3-5’ Y Aug-Oct
Solidago rugosa wrinkle leaf goldenrod
X
X
 
X
    1-6’ Y Aug-Oct
Solidago speciosa showy goldenrod  
X
X
X
X
  2-6’ Y Jul-Oct
Symplocarpus foetidus skunk cabbage
X
       
X
1-3’   Mar-Apr
Thalictrum dioicum early meadow rue  
X
     
X
G, Pu Apr-May
Thalictrum polygamum tall meadow rue  
X
 
X
X
X
3-6’ W Jun-Jul
Tiarella cordifolia foamflower  
X
 
X
X
X
W Apr-Jul
Tradescantia virginiana Virginia spiderwort  
X
 
X
X
X
2-3’ Bl, Pu Apr-Jun
Trillium grandiflorum white trillium  
X
     
X
W Apr-Jun
Verbena hastata blue vervain
X
X
 
X
X
  Bl, Pu Jun-Oct
Vernonia noveboracensis New York ironweed  
X
 
X
    4-8’ Pu Aug-Oct
Viola pedata bird’s foot violet    
X
X
X
  <1’ Pu Mar-Jun

  Publication by USFWS BayScapes Conservation Landscaping Program
 
Comments, suggestions, and questions about the website should be directed to the webmaster.
http://www.nps.gov/plants/pubs/nativesMD/piedmont/piedmont-herbs.htm
Last updated: 9/4/01