Mountain Region: Herbaceous Plants

Other plant types: Fern/Fern Ally | Grass/Grasslike | Groundcover | Herbaceous Emergent | Shrub | Tree | Vine

Soil Moisture: Sunlight: Flower Color (simplified, all shades):
W = wet Su = full sun B = brown R = red O = orange
M = moist PS = part shade W = white P = pink G = green
D = dry Sh = full shade Y = yellow Pu = purple Bl = blue
    * denotes evergreen or semi-evergreen foliage

HERBACEOUS
Scientific Name Common Name
W
M
D
Su
PS
Sh
Height Color Bloom
Aquilegia canadensis eastern or wild columbine  
X
X
X
X
X
2' R-Y Apr-May
Aralia racemosa spikenard  
X
   
X
X
to 6' W July
Arisaema triphyllum Jack-in-the-pulpit
X
X
   
X
X
1' striped Apr-Jun
Asclepias incarnata swamp milkweed  
X
 
X
X
  4' P May-Jun
Asclepias syriaca common milkweed    
X
X
    6' Pu Jun-Aug
Asclepias tuberosa butterflyweed  
X
X
X
X
  3' O May-Jun
Aster divaricatus white wood aster  
X
X
X
X
  1-3' W Jul-Aug
Aster ericoides heath aster  
X
X
X
X
  1-3.5' W Jul-Nov
Aster laevis smooth blue aster    
X
X
    2-5' Bl, Pu Aug-Oct
Aster novae-angliae New England aster  
X
X
X
X
  to 6' Pu Sep-Oct
Aster pilosus white heath aster    
X
X
X
  3.5' W Aug-Oct
Baptisia australis blue false indigo  
X
X
X
X
  3-5' Bl, Pu May-Jun
Baptisia tinctoria wild indigo    
X
X
    3' Y Jun-Sep
Caltha palustris marsh marigold
X
   
X
X
  1-2' Y Apr-Jun
Chelone glabra white turtlehead
X
X
   
X
  3' W Aug-Oct
Chrysogonum virginianum green-and-gold  
X
X
 
X
  <1' Y Mar-Jun
Cimicifuga racemosa black snakeroot  
X
     
X
5' W Jun-Jul
Claytonia virginica narrowleaf spring beauty  
X
     
X
<1' W, P Mar-May
Dentaria laciniata toothwort  
X
     
X
1' W, Pu Apr-Jun
Desmodium paniculatum panicled tick-trefoil    
X
X
X
  2-4' Pu Jul-Sep
Dicentra cucullaria Dutchman's breeches  
X
     
X
<1' W Apr-May
Dicentra eximia wild bleeding heart  
X
     
X
1.5' P, W Apr-Sep
Dodecatheon meadia shooting star  
X
 
X
X
  1.5' W-Y Apr-Jun
Erythronium americanum trout lily
X
X
   
X
X
1' Y Mar-Jun
Eupatorium fistulosum Joe-Pye weed  
X
X
X
    1.5-6' P Jul-Sep
Eupatorium maculatum spotted Joe-Pye weed  
X
 
X
X
  2-6' P Jul-Sep
Eupatorium perfoliatum common boneset
X
X
 
X
X
  3.5' W Jul-Oct
Eupatorium purpureum green-stemmed Joe-Pye weed  
X
 
X
X
  2-6' P Jul-Sep
Eupatorium rugosum white snakeroot  
X
X
 
X
  3.5' W Jun-Aug
Geranium maculatum wild geranium  
X
   
X
X
2' P, Pu Apr-Jul
Helenium autumnale yellow sneezeweed  
X
 
X
X
X
1.5-3' Y Aug-Nov
Helianthus divaricatus woodland sunflower    
X
 
X
  1.5-6' Y Jul-Sep
Hepatica americana round-lobed hepatica  
X
X
 
X
X
<1' W Mar-Jun
Heuchera americana alumroot  
X
X
 
X
X
1.5' W * Apr-Jun
Heuchera villosa Hairy Heuchera  
X
X
 
X
X
0.5-2.5' W-G Jul-Oct
Houstonia caerulea bluet, innocence  
X
 
X
X
  <1' Bl, W Apr-Jun
Lilium canadense Canada lily
X
X
 
X
X
  1.5-4.5' O Jun-Aug
Lilium superbum Turk's cap lily
X
X
 
X
X
  4-7' Y, O, R Jul-Aug
Lobelia cardinalis cardinal flower
X
X
 
X
X
  3' R Jul-Sep
Lobelia siphilitica great blue lobelia
X
X
 
X
X
X
3' Bl Aug-Oct
Meehania cordata Meehanís mint  
X
   
X
X
<1í P, Pu June
Mertensia virginica Virginia bluebells  
X
   
X
X
1' Bl Mar-Apr
Monarda didyma beebalm, Oswego tea  
X
 
X
X
  2-4' R Jul-Sep
Monarda fistulosa wild bergamot  
X
X
X
X
  1.5-5 P, Pu Jul-Aug
Monarda punctata horsemint    
X
X
    0.5-3' Y-Pu Jun-Oct
Oenothera fruticosa narrow-leaved sundrops
X
X
 
X
    2' Y Jun-Sep
Oenothera perennis sundrops    
X
X
    1-3' Y May-Aug
Opuntia humifusa (O. compressa) eastern prickly-pear cactus    
X
X
    <1' Y Jun-Jul
Penstemon digitalis beardtongue  
X
X
X
X
  2' W Jun-Jul
Penstemon laevigatus smooth beardtongue  
X
 
X
X
X
1-3' Pu May-Jun
Phlox divaricata woodland blue phlox  
X
   
X
X
1.5' Bl Apr-May
Phlox stolonifera creeping phlox  
X
   
X
  1' Bl * Apr-Jun
Phlox subulata moss phlox    
X
X
    <1' P, W * Apr-May
Physostegia virginiana obedient plant, false dragonhead  
X
X
X
    3' P, Pu Aug-Sep
Podophyllum peltatum Mayapple  
X
   
X
X
1' W Apr-May
Polemonium reptans Jacob's ladder  
X
   
X
X
0.5-1.5' Bl Apr-Jun
Polygonatum biflorum Solomon's seal  
X
X
 
X
X
0.5-2' W May-Jun
Porteranthus trifoliatus (Gillenia trifoliatus) Bowman's root  
X
   
X
X
1.5-3' W May-Jul
Pycnanthemum incanum hoary mountain mint    
X
   
X
3' P, Pu Jul-Aug
Rudbeckia hirta black-eyed Susan  
X
X
X
X
  2' Y Jun-Oct
Rudbeckia laciniata tall or green-headed coneflower  
X
 
X
X
  1.5-9' Y Jul-Sep
Rudbeckia triloba three-lobed coneflower  
X
 
X
X
  1.5-4.5' Y Jun-Oct
Sanguinaria canadensis bloodroot  
X
     
X
<1' W Mar-May
Saxifraga virginiensis early saxifrage  
X
X
X
X
X
1' W Mar-May
Senecio aureus golden ragwort
X
X
 
X
X
X
0.5-2.5' Y Apr-Aug
Senna marilandica (Cassia marilandica) Maryland wild senna    
X
 
X
  3-4' Y Jul-Aug
Silene caroliniana wild pink  
X
X
X
X
  0.5' W, P * Apr-May
Silene stellata starry campion  
X
X
X
X
  1-2' W Jul-Sep
Sisyrinchium graminoides blue-eyed grass  
X
X
X
X
  0.5-1.5' Bl Apr-Jun
Smilacina racemosa false Solomon's seal  
X
   
X
X
2.5' W May-Jul
Solidago caesia blue-stemmed goldenrod  
X
X
X
X
  1-3' Y Aug-Oct
Solidago juncea early goldenrod  
X
X
X
    1-4' Y Jun-Oct
Solidago nemoralis gray goldenrod    
X
X
X
  0.5-3' Y Jul-Nov
Solidago rugosa wrinkle leaf goldenrod
X
X
 
X
    1-6' Y Aug-Oct
Solidago speciosa showy goldenrod  
X
X
X
X
  2-6' Y Jul-Oct
Symplocarpus foetidus skunk cabbage
X
       
X
1-3' Mar-Apr
Thalictrum dioicum early meadow rue  
X
     
X
2' G, Pu Apr-May
Tiarella cordifolia foamflower  
X
 
X
X
X
1' W Apr-Jul
Tradescantia virginiana Virginia spiderwort  
X
 
X
X
X
2-3' Bl, Pu Apr-Jun
Trillium erectum wakerobin  
X
     
X
1.5' Pu to W Apr-Jun
Trillium grandiflorum white trillium  
X
     
X
1' W Apr-Jun
Verbena hastata blue vervain
X
X
 
X
X
  4' Bl, Pu Jun-Oct
Vernonia noveboracensis New York ironweed  
X
 
X
    4-8' Pu Aug-Oct
Veronicastrum virginicum Culver's root
X
X
X
X
X
  3-5' W Jun-Sep
Viola pedata bird's foot violet    
X
X
X
  <1' Pu Mar-Jun

 Publication by USFWS BayScapes Conservation Landscaping Program
 
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http://www.nps.gov/plants/pubs/nativesMD/mountain/mountain-herbs.htm
Last updated: 9/4/01