Coastal Plain: Herbaceous Emergent

(can grow with roots in water)

Other plant types: Fern/Fern Ally | Grass/Grasslike | Groundcover | Herbaceous | Shrub | Tree | Vine

Soil Moisture: Sunlight: Flower Color (simplified, all shades):
W = wet Su = full sun B = brown R = red O = orange
M = moist PS = part shade W = white P = pink G = green
D = dry Sh = full shade Y = yellow Pu = purple Bl = blue
    * denotes evergreen or semi-evergreen foliage

HERBACEOUS EMERGENT (can grow with roots in water)
Scientific Name Common Name
W
M
D
Su
PS
Sh
Height Color Bloom
Acorus calamus sweet flag
X
X
 
X
X
  2-3’ Y, W May-Jul
Hibiscus moscheutos rose mallow
X
X
 
X
X
  3-6’ W, P Jul-Sep
Iris versicolor blue flag
X
X
 
X
X
  Bl, Pu May-Jun
Juncus canadensis Canada rush
X
X
 
X
X
  1-3’    
Juncus effusus soft rush
X
X
 
X
    2-3’   Jun-Sep
Kosteletskya virginica seashore mallow
X
   
X
    1.5-4.5’ P Jul-Sep
Nuphar luteum (Nuphar advena) spatterdock, yellow water lily
X
   
X
X
  Y May-Oct
Nymphaea odorata fragrant water lily
X
   
X
    <1’ W Jun-Sep
Osmunda regalis royal fern
X
X
 
X
X
X
2-3’    
Peltandra virginica arrow arum
X
   
X
X
  to 2’ G-W Apr-Jul
Pontederia cordata pickerelweed
X
   
X
X
  Pu Jun-Nov
Sagittaria latifolia duck potato
X
   
X
    0.5-2’ W Jul-Oct
Saururus cernuus lizard’s tail
X
   
X
X
  1.5-4.5’ W Jun-Aug
Scirpus cyperinus woolgrass
X
X
 
X
X
  3-4’   Aug-Sep
Scirpus pungens (S. americanus) common three-square
X
   
X
      Jun-Sep
Spartina alterniflora salt marsh cordgrass or smooth cordgrass
X
X
 
X
    2-5’   Jul-Sep
Spartina patens salt meadow hay
X
X
 
X
    1-3’   Jul-Sep
Typha angustifolia narrow-leaved cattail
X
X
 
X
    10’   Jun-Jul
Typha latifolia broad-leaved cattail
X
X
 
X
    5-7’   May-Jun
Zizania aquatica wild rice
X
X
 
X
    6-10’   Jun-Sep

 Publication by USFWS BayScapes Conservation Landscaping Program
 
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http://www.nps.gov/plants/pubs/nativesMD/coastalplain/coastal-emergent.htm
Last updated: 9/4/01