Mountain Region: Trees

By height: small/medium | tall

Other plant types: Fern/Fern Ally | Grass/Grasslike | Groundcover | Herbaceous | Herbaceous Emergent | Shrub | Vine

Soil Moisture: Sunlight: Flower Color (simplified, all shades):
W = wet Su = full sun B = brown R = red O = orange
M = moist PS = part shade W = white P = pink G = green
D = dry Sh = full shade Y = yellow Pu = purple Bl = blue
    * denotes evergreen or semi-evergreen foliage

TREE, small/ medium (understory)
Scientific Name Common Name
W
M
D
Su
PS
Sh
Height Color Bloom
Amelanchier arborea downy serviceberry    
X
 
X
X
15-25' W Mar-May
Amelanchier canadensis serviceberry, shadbush
X
X
   
X
X
35-50' W Apr-May
Amelanchier laevis smooth serviceberry  
X
X
X
X
  30'   Apr-May
Carpinus caroliniana American hornbeam, blue beech  
X
   
X
X
35-50'   Apr-May
Cercis canadensis eastern redbud  
X
X
 
X
X
20-35' P, Pu Apr-May
Chionanthus virginicus white fringetree  
X
X
X
X
X
20-35' W May-Jun
Cornus alternifolia alternate-leaf dogwood  
X
X
 
X
X
25' W May-Jun
Cornus florida flowering dogwood  
X
X
 
X
X
35-50' W Apr-May
Crataegus crus-galli cockspur hawthorn  
X
X
X
X
  20-35' W May-Jun
Crataegus pruinosa waxy-fruited hawthorn  
X
X
X
X
  24' W May
Ilex opaca American holly  
X
 
X
X
  65' W * May-Jun
Juniperus virginiana eastern red cedar  
X
X
X
    50' * Mar-Apr
Ostrya virginiana eastern hop-hornbeam, ironwood  
X
   
X
X
25-40' R, B May
Oxydendrum arboreum sourwood  
X
   
X
  35-50' W Jul
Prunus americana American wild plum  
X
X
X
X
  20-25' W Apr-May
Prunus pensylvanica pin cherry, fire cherry    
X
X
X
  40' W May
Prunus virginiana choke cherry  
X
 
X
    to 25' W May-Jun
Pyrus (Malus) coronaria sweet crabapple  
X
 
X
    20-26' P Apr-May
Quercus muhlenbergii chinquapin oak  
X
X
X
    35-50'    
Sassafras albidum sassafras  
X
 
X
X
  35-50' Y, G Apr-May

Soil Moisture: Sunlight: Flower Color (simplified, all shades):
W = wet Su = full sun B = brown R = red O = orange
M = moist PS = part shade W = white P = pink G = green
D = dry Sh = full shade Y = yellow Pu = purple Bl = blue
    * denotes evergreen or semi-evergreen foliage

TREE, tall (canopy)
Scientific Name Common Name
W
M
D
Su
PS
Sh
Height Color Bloom
Acer negundo box elder
X
X
 
X
X
  30-60'    
Acer rubrum red maple
X
X
 
X
X
  40-60'    
Acer saccharinum silver maple
X
X
 
X
X
  50-80'    
Betula alleghaniensis yellow birch  
X
 
X
X
  90'    
Betula lenta sweet or black birch  
X
 
X
X
  75'    
Betula nigra river birch
X
X
 
X
X
  30-50'    
Carya alba (C. tomentosa) mockernut hickory  
X
X
 
X
X
60-90'    
Carya cordiformis bitternut hickory
X
X
 
X
    60-80'    
Carya glabra pignut hickory
X
X
X
X
X
  60-80'    
Carya ovata shagbark hickory  
X
 
X
    70-100'    
Celtis occidentalis hackberry
X
X
 
X
X
  40-60'    
Diospyros virginiana common persimmon  
X
X
X
X
  50-75'    
Fagus grandifolia American beech  
X
 
X
X
  50-100'    
Fraxinus americana white ash  
X
 
X
X
  80'    
Fraxinus pennsylvanica green ash
X
X
 
X
X
  50-60'    
Juglans nigra black walnut  
X
 
X
    70-90'    
Liquidambar styraciflua sweet gum
X
X
 
X
X
  60-80'    
Liriodendron tulipifera tulip poplar  
X
 
X
X
  70-120'    
Magnolia acuminata cucumber magnolia  
X
 
X
    70' G-Y May-Jun
Morus rubra red mulberry  
X
 
X
    60'    
Nyssa sylvatica black gum, sourgum
X
X
X
X
X
  30-60'    
Pinus echinata shortleaf pine  
X
X
X
    100' *  
Pinus rigida pitch pine    
X
X
    50-60' *  
Pinus strobus white pine  
X
X
X
    90' *  
Pinus virginiana Virginia pine  
X
X
X
    50-80' *  
Platanus occidentalis American sycamore
X
X
 
X
X
  75-100'    
Prunus serotina black or wild cherry  
X
 
X
    40-60'    
Quercus alba white oak  
X
 
X
    80-100'    
Quercus bicolor swamp white oak
X
   
X
X
  60-70'    
Quercus coccinea scarlet oak  
X
 
X
    40-60'    
Quercus michauxii swamp chestnut oak
X
X
 
X
    60-80'    
Quercus palustris pin oak  
X
 
X
    60-80'    
Quercus prinus (Q. montana) chestnut oak    
X
X
X
  60-80'    
Quercus rubra northern red oak  
X
X
X
X
  90'    
Quercus stellata post oak  
X
 
X
    75'    
Quercus velutina black oak  
X
X
X
    50-60'    
Robinia pseudoacacia black locust  
X
X
X
    40-80'    
Salix nigra black willow
X
X
 
X
X
  40-80'    
Salix sericea silky willow
X
X
 
X
X
  12'    
Thuja occidentalis northern white cedar
X
X
 
X
    60' *  
Tilia americana American basswood  
X
   
X
  > 100'    
Tsuga canadensis eastern hemlock  
X
 
X
X
  90' *  
Ulmus americana American elm  
X
 
X
    100'    

 Publication by USFWS BayScapes Conservation Landscaping Program
 
 Comments, suggestions, and questions about the website should be directed to the webmaster.
http://www.nps.gov/plants/pubs/nativesMD/mountain/mountain-trees.htm
Last updated: 9/4/01