Mountain Region Sample Lists: Plants for Shade, Woodlands, or Woods Edges with Dry to Moist Soil


* designates plants for part shade (not for full shade)

Ferns:
Adiantum pedatum - maidenhair fern * *
Asplenium platyneuron - ebony spleenwort
Botrychium virginianum - rattlesnake fern
Dennstaedtia punctilobula - hay-scented fern *
Dryopteris marginalis - evergreen wood fern
Dryopteris spinulosa - spinulose wood fern
Polystichum acrostichoides - Christmas fern (evergreen)

Grasses and Grasslike Plants:
Chasmanthium latifolium - wild (river) oats *
Elymus hystrix - bottlebrush grass
Elymus virginicus - Virginia wild rye

Groundcovers:
Asarum canadense - wild ginger
Chimaphila maculata - striped wintergreen
Chrysogonum virginianum - green-and-gold *
Gaultheria procumbens - wintergreen
Hepatica americana - round-lobed hepatica
Maianthemum canadense - Canada mayflower
Mitchella repens - partridgeberry (evgr)
Meehania cordata - Meehan's mint
Oxalis violacea - violet wood sorrel
Sedum ternatum - mountain stonecrop
Uvularia sessilifolia - straw lily

Herbaceous Plants:
Aquilegia canadensis - eastern columbine
Aralia racemosa - spikenard
Arisaema triphyllum - Jack-in-the-pulpit
Dentaria laciniata - toothwort
Dicentra cucullaria - Dutchman's breeches
Dicentra eximia - wild bleeding heart
Erythronium americanum - trout lily
Eupatorium rugosum - white snakeroot *
Geranium maculatum - wild geranium
Helenium autumnale - yellow sneezeweed
Helianthus divaricatus - woodland sunflower
Heuchera americana - alumroot (semi-evergreen)
Heuchera villosa - hairy heuchera
Houstonia caerulea - bluet, innocence *
Lobelia siphilitica - great blue lobelia
Meehania cordata - Meehan's mint
Mertensia virginica - Virginia bluebells
Phlox divaricata - woodland blue phlox
Podophyllum peltatum - Mayapple
Polemonium reptans - Jacob's ladder
Polygonatum biflorum - Solomon's seal
Porteranthus trifoliatus - Bowman's root
Sanguinaria canadensis - bloodroot
Saxifraga virginiensis - early saxifrage
Senecio aureus - golden ragwort
Smilacina racemosa - false Solomon's seal
Thalictrum polygamum - tall meadow rue
Tiarella cordifolia - foamflower
Tradescantia virginiana - Virginia spiderwort
Trillium erectum - wakerobin
Trillium grandiflorum - white trillium

Shrubs (low):
Aronia melanocarpa - black chokeberry *
Ceanothus americanus - New Jersey tea *
Gaylussacia baccata - black huckleberry
Rubus odoratus - purple-flower raspberry
Vaccinium angustifolium - lowbush blueberry *
Viburnum acerifolium - maple-leaf arrowwood
Shrubs (medium):
Hamamelis virginiana - witch hazel *
Hydrangea arborescens - wild hydrangea
Leucothoe racemosa - fetterbush
Lindera benzoin - spicebush *
Lyonia ligustrina - male-berry
Rhododendron maximum - great laurel, rosebay
Viburnum dentatum - southern arrowwood *
Shrub (tall):
Kalmia latifolia - mountain laurel (evergreen)

Trees (small/medium):
Amelanchier arborea - downy serviceberry
Amelanchier canadensis - serviceberry
Amelanchier laevis - smooth serviceberry *
Carpinus caroliniana - American hornbeam
Cercis canadensis - eastern redbud
Chionanthus virginicus - white fringetree
Cornus florida - flowering dogwood
Ostrya virginiana - hop-hornbeam
Prunus americana - American wild plum *
Prunus pensylvanica - pin cherry, fire cherry *
Tree (tall):
Carya alba (C. tomentosa) - mockernut hickory
Carya glabra - pignut hickory
Diospyros virginiana - common persimmon
Nyssa sylvatica - black gum, sourgum
Quercus prinus (montana) - chestnut oak
Quercus rubra - northern red oak
Tsuga canadensis - eastern hemlock (evgr)

Vines:
Celastrus scandens - American bittersweet
Parthenocissus quinquefolia - Virginia creeper


  Publication by USFWS BayScapes Conservation Landscaping Program
 
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http://www.nps.gov/plants/pubs/nativesMD/mountain/mountain-shadelist.htm
Last updated: 9/4/01