Table of Contents > Shrubs

Alnus serrulataAlnus serrulataAlnus serrulata

smooth alder, hazel alder

Photograph(s) by*: USFWS BES, PLANTS WSJ

Characteristics

Height: 12-20'
Spread: 12-20'
Flowers: Mar.-Apr.; purple
Fruit: Aug.-Feb.; brown; cone/cone-like
Fall color: yellow, red

Conditions *

Light: Full sun
Moisture: Moist Wet
Soil pH: 5.5-7.5
Soil type: Clay Loamy
Flood depth: 0-3"

Habitat

fresh tidal and nontidal marshes, shrub swamps, forested wetlands

Native to

Region: Coastal Piedmont Mountain *
States: MD DE PA NY WV VA

Wildlife

Songbird Waterfowl Small mammal *
high wildlife value

Notes

forms thickets along watercourses; nitrogen fixing; tolerates flooding to 3"



 Publication by USFWS BayScapes Conservation Landscaping Program
http://www.nps.gov/plants/pubs/chesapeake/plant/1263.htm
Last updated: 1 October 2004