Table of Contents > Trees

Ulmus americanaUlmus americana

American elm, white elm, soft elm

Photograph(s) by*: USDA NRCS

Characteristics

Height: 75-100'
Spread: 75-100'
Flowers: Mar.-Apr.; red brown
Fruit: May; tan brown; winged
Fall color: bright yellow

Conditions *

Light: Full sun Partial shade
Moisture: Moist Wet
Soil pH: 5.5-8
Soil type: Clay Loamy Sandy

Habitat

river bottoms, swamps, disturbed fields, road sides, cutover forests

Native to

Region: Coastal Piedmont Mountain *
States: MD DE PA NY WV VA

Wildlife

Songbird Waterfowl Small mammal *
high wildlife value

Notes

Dutch elm disease caused decline; distinctive "vase" shape; favorite nesting site of Baltimore oriole



 Publication by USFWS BayScapes Conservation Landscaping Program
http://www.nps.gov/plants/pubs/chesapeake/plant/1197.htm
Last updated: 1 October 2004