Table of Contents > Trees

Betula alleghaniensisBetula alleghaniensis

yellow birch

Photograph(s) by*: PLANTS RM


Height: 60-80'
Spread: 35-50'
Flowers: Apr.-May; yellow green
Fruit: Jul.-Oct.; green to tan; cone/cone-like
Fall color: golden yellow

Conditions *

Light: Partial shade
Moisture: Moist Wet
Soil pH: 4.6-8
Soil type: Loamy Sandy


moist, rich uplands to low-lying swamps and borders of streams, elevated floodplain terrace and knobs

Native to

Region: Mountain *
States: MD PA NY WV VA


Songbird Small mammal *
high wildlife value


fall color; attractive winter texture and color; prefers cool, moist conditions, common on calcareous soils

 Publication by USFWS BayScapes Conservation Landscaping Program
Last updated: 1 October 2004