Table of Contents > Shrubs

Morella pensylvanicaMorella pensylvanica
(Myrica pensylvanica)

northern bayberry, candleberry

Photograph(s) by*: CM NRCS


Height: 5-10'
Spread: 5-10'
Flowers: Mar.-Apr.; yellowish-green
Fruit: Sept.-Apr.; bluish white; berry

Conditions *

Light: Full sun Partial shade
Moisture: Dry Moist Wet
Soil pH: 5.1-6.5
Soil type: Clay Loamy Sandy
Salinity: 0-20 ppt


tidal and nontidal fresh and brackish marshes and swamps, sand flats and dunes

Native to

Region: Coastal *
States: MD DE PA NY VA


Songbird Waterfowl *
high wildlife value


fragrant leaves; tends to sucker and form large colonies; waxy berries persist through winter; tolerates salinity to 20 ppt

 Publication by USFWS BayScapes Conservation Landscaping Program
Last updated: 1 October 2004