Table of Contents > Trees

Carpinus carolinianaCarpinus caroliniana

American hornbeam, musclewood, ironwood

Photograph(s) by*: USFWS BES

Characteristics

Height: 13-40'
Spread: 35-50'
Flowers: Apr.-May; red or reddish-green
Fruit: Jun.-Oct.; ; nut/nut-like
Fall color: orange, red

Conditions *

Light: Partial shade Shade
Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: 4-7.4
Soil type: Loamy Sandy

Habitat

deep, rich, moist soils of river margins, bottomlands, and swamps

Native to

Region: Piedmont Mountain *
States: MD DE PA NY WV VA

Wildlife

Songbird Waterfowl Small mammal *

Notes

slow growing and short lived



 Publication by USFWS BayScapes Conservation Landscaping Program
http://www.nps.gov/plants/pubs/chesapeake/plant/1255.htm
Last updated: 1 October 2004