Table of Contents > Trees

Betula nigraBetula nigraBetula nigra

river birch, red birch, black birch

Photograph(s) by*: USFWS BES, USFWS BES

Characteristics

Height: 50-75'
Spread: 35-50'
Flowers: Apr.-May; dark brown
Fruit: Jun.-Aug.; tan brown; cone/cone-like
Fall color: yellow

Conditions *

Light: Full sun Partial shade
Moisture: Moist Wet
Soil pH: 4-6
Soil type: Clay Loamy

Habitat

lowland species mainly along streams, rivers, ponds, and swamps

Native to

Region: Coastal Piedmont Mountain *
States: MD DE PA NY WV VA

Wildlife

Songbird *
high wildlife value

Notes

attractive peeling bark;



 Publication by USFWS BayScapes Conservation Landscaping Program
http://www.nps.gov/plants/pubs/chesapeake/plant/1239.htm
Last updated: 1 October 2004