Table of Contents > Trees

Celtis occidentalisCeltis occidentalis

common hackberry, sugarberry, nettletree

Photograph(s) by*: UWI KK

Characteristics

Height: 40-100'
Spread: 40-100'
Flowers: Apr.-May; yellow green, brown tint
Fruit: Sept.-Dec.; purple brown; berry
Fall color: yellow

Conditions *

Light: Full sun Partial shade Shade
Moisture: Dry Moist Wet
Soil pH: 6-7.8
Soil type: Clay Loamy Sandy

Habitat

drainage basins, mature floodplains, wooded slopes or high rocky limestone bluffs bordering streams, windbreaks

Native to

Region: Coastal Piedmont Mountain *
States: MD DE PA NY WV VA

Wildlife

Butterfly Songbird Small mammal *
high wildlife value

Notes

butterfly larval host; drought tolerant; tolerates occasional flooding; saplings can sprout in deep shade, common on limestone soils



 Publication by USFWS BayScapes Conservation Landscaping Program
http://www.nps.gov/plants/pubs/chesapeake/plant/1211.htm
Last updated: 1 October 2004