Table of Contents > Trees

Salix nigraSalix nigra

black willow, swamp willow

Photograph(s) by*: CM NRCS

Characteristics

Height: 35-50'
Spread: 20-35'
Flowers: Mar.-Apr.; yellow green
Fruit: Apr.-May; green yellow; cone/cone-like
Fall color: yellow green

Conditions *

Light: Full sun Partial shade
Moisture: Moist Wet
Soil pH: 6-8
Soil type: Clay Loamy Sandy
Salinity: 0-0.5 ppt

Habitat

fresh tidal marshes, fresh tidal swamps, forested wetlands, floodplains, wet meadows; regularly to permanently flooded

Native to

Region: Coastal Piedmont Mountain *
States: MD DE PA NY WV VA

Wildlife

Songbird Small mammal *
high wildlife value

Notes

streambank stabilizer; spreads by suckers; preferred food of ruffed grouse and pine grosbeak; tolerates flooding; tolerates salinity to 0.5 ppt



 Publication by USFWS BayScapes Conservation Landscaping Program
http://www.nps.gov/plants/pubs/chesapeake/plant/1208.htm
Last updated: 1 October 2004