SHRUBS & SUBSHRUBS
Lonicera morrowii A. Gray
Honeysuckle family (Caprifoliaceae)
Origin: Japan and South Korea
Morrow’s honeysuckle was imported in the 1800s for use as an ornamental, for wildlife food and cover as well as for soil erosion control. Widely planted through the 20th century it is recognized as highly invasive species impacting natural areas as well as managed parks, gardens and other lands.
Distribution and Habitat
Morrow’s honeysuckle is fairly common in the mid-Atlantic region, often co-occurring with Amur honeysuckle. It is found from Wisconsin to Maine and Missouri to North Carolina. It is shade tolerant but will flower and fruit more in full sun. Morrow’s honeysuckle invades forest edges and interiors, floodplains, pastures, old fields, roadsides and other disturbed areas.
Morrow’s honeysuckle forms dense thickets and outcompetes and displaces native shrubs, trees and herbaceous plants. Its dense growth can impede reforestation efforts. It invades open woodlands, old fields and other disturbed sites and can spread rapidly with help from birds and mammals which disperse its seeds. Like Amur honeysuckle, Morrow’s honeysuckle likely also encourages increased nest predation due to its branching structure. While the fruits of exotic honeysuckles provide some nutrition for birds and mice in winter, their carbohydrate-rich quality is no match for the lipid-rich fruits of many native species that sustain migrating birds.
Description and Biology
Prevention and Control
Young plants can be pulled by hand, larger plants either pulled using weed wrench-type tool or cut repeatedly. Systemic herbicides containing glyphosate or triclopyr can be applied to foliage, bark or cut stems (see Control Options).
Other native honeysuckles including American fly honeysuckle (L. canadensis), swamp fly-honeysuckle (L. oblongifolia) and mountain fly honeysuckle (L. villosa) and the related northern bush-honeysuckle (Diervilla lonicera) can be alternatives for Morrow’s honeysuckle.
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