• Pipe Spring National Monument

    Pipe Spring

    National Monument Arizona

The Kitchen

The kitchen at Winsor Castle was the primary hub of activity. Children, adults, and guests had to be fed, most likely in shifts. The wood stove was probably rarely cool.

Built-in cupboards housed many of the dishes and cooking utensils. There was no running water in the house other than the spring flowing underneath the floorboards of the parlor and through the spring room. A dry sink (shown to the left in the photo below) was used for washing dishes.

The stove, manufactured in Chicago and installed while Edwin Dillworth (Dee) Woolley was ranch manager,
had a reservoir on the right in which water could be heated (shown in the inset photo below). The stove, high-tech in its day, also featured a set of warming ovens above the cooking surface.

If a family did not have a stove, cooking was done on the hearth, visible behind the stove in the photo below. The stove in the photo came about 1890. Despite having a stove, some of the cooking may still have been done in the fireplace to help feed large numbers.
kitchen
We know from journal entries of those living at Winsor Castle that it was a difficult house to keep clean. There were cattle numbering in the thousands on the range to the south which came to Pipe Spring for water, as well as the 100 or so milk cows kept nearby. The cattle milling about outside the house pounded the earth to dust, which could easily enter the house through open gun ports or leaky windows and doors.


kitchen stove
Kitchen workers would attempt to keep dust and flies off of the clean plates and cups by placing them face down on the dining table until it was time to serve the food.

Between meals, the dining table chairs were faced away from the table to remind the diners to kneel in prayer before sitting down to eat their meal.

Did You Know?

Deseret Alphabet

On January 19, 1854, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints adopted the Deseret alphabet. The new alphabet consisted of 38 to 40 characters and was developed mostly by George D. Watt. It was an attempt to help simplify spelling in the English Language.