• Pipe Spring National Monument

    Pipe Spring

    National Monument Arizona

At Home in the Desert

At Home in Desert
 
. . . Paiutes once lived in homes just like the Ancient Ones as they dwelled near the spring. When the Spanish came . . . bringing with them the slave trade, the women and children were carted off to slave markets. When the Navajos and Utes started coming into the area [slave raiding], the Paiutes made the decision to move away from the water— to retain their women and children . . . losing traditions, losing their way of life, adapting to the desert.

-Kaibab Paiute tribal member

For the Kaibab Paiute in the 1800s, living in these high deserts and canyons meant they moved season by season. The available food might be collected in just a matter of weeks. Streams or waterholes were many miles apart. It made good sense to stay in rock shelters, or to put together encampments using materials close at hand.

 
Kahns for Summer and Winter

Kahns for Summer and Winter

Most Paiute daily activities took place in the open air. At night families slept in shelters—called kahns—made of branches and brush, with their feet toward the fire pit. For winter kahns, extra layers were added— strips of juniper bark, rabbit skins, or deer hides. New kahns were built each season.
 

Did You Know?

Longhorn steer at Pipe Spring National Monument

Texas Longhorns have their own built-in heating and cooling system. Their huge horns are filled with blood vessels that dilate or constrict, depending on whether the cattle need to be warm or cool. More...