• Artist George Catlin recorded the quarrying activity at the pipestone quarries in 1836


    National Monument Minnesota


Quarries on the grounds of Pipestone National Monument are the resource for which the park was established. Quarrying is a tradition that stretches back thousands of years. Pipestone was traded far and wide across the North American continent, and the quarry sites at Pipestone National Monument were the most significant and important source of pipestone.

The Nicollet Rock is a notable historic point within Pipestone National Monument. The Nicollet Expedition of 1838 was the first to map the area.
The Three Maidens are a unique cultural and geologic feature at the entrance of Pipestone National Monument.

Did You Know?

A quarry site with quartzite rubble pile

Archeological evidence indicates that the quarrying of pipestone has occurred for 3,000 years at Pipestone National Monument. The important traditions of pipestone quarrying and pipemaking continue today. More...