• Poplar Grove National Cemetery Luminary Event (photo courtesy of Joanne Williams)

    Petersburg

    National Battlefield Virginia

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    If you are using a GPS unit, please click here: More »

  • No Parking Available in the Eastern Front Unit August 2

    Free shuttle service will transport all visitors to and from the Eastern Front Unit on August 2 during 150th Anniv. of the Battle of the Crater events. Shuttles will depart from the Farmer's Market located at 9 Old St. in Old Towne Petersburg.

  • Eastern Front Unit Trails Closed to Horse Traffic on August 2

    Those who would like to ride horses at the park on Aug. 2 are encouraged to use the trails at Five Forks in Dinwiddie County as other trails will be closed to horses that day while the park commemorates the 150th Anniv. of the Battle of the Crater.

Weldon Railroad

GlobeTavernPreludeNPSMap[1]

PNB

Prelude


On August 14 Gen. Grant (USA) sent the II and X Corps to threaten Richmond and when he learned how aggressively Gen. Lee (CSA) responded to this action he decided to send the V Corps, under Gen. Warren (USA), to cut off the Weldon Railroad south of Petersburg.




 
GlobeTavernAug18NPSMap[1]

PNB

August 18, 1864
At dawn, Warren's corps, along with elements of the II and IX Corps, advanced and pushed back Confederate pickets until they reached Globe Tavern by 9:00 am. It was here next to this yellow brick building that the Union started tearing up the railroad in what they felt was to be a quick-hit raid upon the Weldon R.R.

Then Gen. Beauregard (CSA) sent Gen. Heth (CSA) down Halifax Road, which ran parallel to the rail line, to drive the Federals off. Though Heth had initial success his troops were stopped when they met up with fresh Union troops who were in greater strength than previously supposed. Both sides entrenched during the night.

 
GlobeTavernAug19NPSMap[1]

PNB

August 19, 1864
By the next morning Grant changed the course of the raid. Always looking for a chance to reverse roles, Grant saw an opportunity to have the Confederates attacking Union fortified positions for a change. This notion was helped by how committed Lee was to Richmond's defense and how easily Warren repulsed the Confederates the day before. So the raid was to be a permanent extension of the siege lines.

In the afternoon Heth and Gen. Mahone (CSA), in a well timed attack, hit the Union from the north and the east almost at once. Mahone hit a seam in the Union line, rolled up the flank and took numerous prisoners.

Reinforced, the Union counterattacked and by nightfall had retaken most of the ground lost that afternoon.


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Did You Know?

Red Fox

Petersburg National Battlefield is home to 23 species of mammals, 22 species of fish, 48 species of amphibians and reptiles, and 129 species of birds including 18 species of birds that are listed as species of Special Concern in Virginia.