• Poplar Grove National Cemetery Luminary Event (photo courtesy of Joanne Williams)

    Petersburg

    National Battlefield Virginia

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  • No Parking Available in the Eastern Front Unit August 2

    Free shuttle service will transport all visitors to and from the Eastern Front Unit on August 2 during 150th Anniv. of the Battle of the Crater events. Shuttles will depart from the Farmer's Market located at 9 Old St. in Old Towne Petersburg.

  • Eastern Front Unit Trails Closed to Horse Traffic on August 2

    Those who would like to ride horses at the park on Aug. 2 are encouraged to use the trails at Five Forks in Dinwiddie County as other trails will be closed to horses that day while the park commemorates the 150th Anniv. of the Battle of the Crater.

Pictionary: A

Abatis

Abatis
U. S. Army Military History Institute, Carlisle Barracks, PA

Abatis were trees cut to point in the direction of the enemy, with the tips of the trees sharpened into spikes. One or more lines of closely packed abatis could make a tricky and treacherous obstacle. The abatis in front of the fortifications surrounding Petersburg in 1864 represented an intimidating sight for soldiers before they attacked.

Ammunition Chest

Ammunition Chest

Ammunition for the artillery piece was carried inside this chest which was carried on the limber. The amount of artillery rounds carried inside of the chest would depend on the type of cannon the soldiers were firing. It also held the implements used to fire the gun, like friction primers, a priming wire, and other small items.

Army

An army is composed of three Corps.
A Corps is composed of three Divisions.
A Division is composed of three Brigades.
A Brigade is composed of three Regiments.
A Regiment is composed of ten companies.
A Company is composed of one hundred soldiers.
A soldier is the smallest unit of an army.

Artillery

Artillery Crew
Library of Congress

Big guns (cannons and mortars) used in the Civil War to support the infantry and defend fixed positions. Cannons and mortars were used throughout the siege of Petersburg to support foot soldiers.

Did You Know?

Former Slaves at City Point, Virginia

Slaves who entered Union lines and came to City Point, Virginia (present day Hopewell) during the Siege of Petersburg, were typically employed unloading ships and working in the hospitals. (Petersburg National Battlefield)