• Elkhorn Tavern, Federal Provost Marshal Headquarters and Field Hospital Used by Both Armies

    Pea Ridge

    National Military Park Arkansas

The Human Cost

Photograph of a dead Confederate soldier.

Photo:  National Archives

"The scene is silent and sad. The vulture and the wolf have now the dominion and the dead friends and foes sleep in the same lonely graves."

General Samuel R. Curtis

 

The Army of the Southwest lost 1,384 men at Pea Ridge – 203 killed, 980 wounded (of whom 150 later died) and 201 missing (presumably captured). Nearly half of the Federal casualties came from Carr’s hard-fighting 4th Division.

The Army of the West lost hundreds of men to straggling and desertion during the campaign, especially during the retreat to Van Buren. The best estimate is that Van Dorn lost approximately 2,000 men in the battle, including 500 taken prisoner.

Did You Know?

Morgan's Woods

Morgan’s Woods is the location of Confederate retreat after a collision of armies. Afterwards, a surgeon from the Leetown hospital remarked that for 200 yards in front of White’s position in Morgan’s Woods, not a tree, bush, or sapling was unmarked by the firing of cannon, canister, or shell.