• Aerial View of Padre Island National Seashore

    Padre Island

    National Seashore Texas

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  • Park Phone issues

    The visitor center main phone line is out. To reach the park call (361) 949-8069 or (361) 949-4793. The issue has been reported, however the phone company is having difficulty locating the problem. We apologize for the inconvenience.

  • Padre Island National Seashore will Conduct a Sobriety Checkpoint on Saturday, July 19, 2014.

    To protect the public from impaired drivers and help ensure a safe park experience for all visitors, Padre Island National Seashore law enforcement will conduct a Sobriety Checkpoint on Saturday, July 19, 2014 on Park Road 22 near the park’s entrance.

Oil and Natural Gas

NPS ranger observing a natural gas well on Padre Island in the 1970s

An NPS ranger observes a natural gas well on Padre Island in the 1970s.

NPS photo

Padre Island National Seashore is one of 13 national park units in which the NPS regulates nonfederal oil and gas development in order to protect park resources and values. Section 4(a) of Padre Island National Seashore's Enabling Legislation specifically states that the “Secretary shall permit a reservation to the grantor of all or any of the oil and gas minerals in such land and waters with the right of occupancy and use under such regulations as may be prescribed by the Secretary.”

Drilling for natural gas has been taking place on Padre Island since well before the founding legislation for the National Seashore was drafted. Texas began taking interest in Padre Island as a source of minerals in the late 1930s and in 1940 sent a surveyor named J.S. Boyle to survey the island.

The first well was drilled by the Sun Oil Co. at Yarborough Pass in 1951, but it turned out to be a "dry hole" (i.e. non-productive). During 1952-1953 three more wells were drilled, of which two produced oil and one gas, each for a period of a month or less. By 1957, when Senator Yarborough initiated the National Seashore's founding legislation, Sun Oil had drilled another six wells, all of which were dry holes. Between 1957 and September 28, 1962, when President Kennedy signed the founding legislation, Sun Oil had drilled three core tests and another dry hole. According to the information currently available, during these years Sun Oil was the only company operating on the island. However, there were a few wells which were plugged during the 1960s and later, which might have been operating in the 1950s, but for which no information on their operations is available.

As of March 1, 2005, there have been 78 oil and gas operations either on Padre Island National Seashore or, prior to the park's opening, on the land that was to become Padre Island National Seashore. These operations include: 62 wells, 7 pipelines, and 9 seismic operations.

Currently, there are three producing gas wells (South Sprint #1, Dunn-Peach #1, and Dunn-Peach #2), two inactive gas wells under an active plan of operations (A-3 and A-4), one water well (A-8), and six pipelines.

For information on the legal basis for drilling and drilling's environmental impact, please follow this link to the oil and natural gas section of our website.

Follow these links to PDF versions of documents pertaining to Oil and Natural Gas operations on Padre Island:

1959 Department of Interior Report on Oil and Gas matters of Padre Island

1960 Department of Interior memorandum regarding a meeting with representatives of Padre Island oil interests

Did You Know?

NPS arrowhead

The wreck of three Spanish ships near the southern end of Padre Island in 1554 was the greatest disaster to hit the Spanish fleet in the New World up to that time. More...