• Flying artillery crew in action.

    Palo Alto Battlefield

    National Historical Park Texas

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President James K. Polk

President James K. Polk

Library of Congress (no known restrictions)

Setting The Stage

"The jurisdiction of the United States…has passed the capes of Florida and been peacefully extended to the Del Norte." That's how U.S. President James K. Polk, in his December 1845 message to Congress, characterized the recent annexation of Texas by the United States. With that statement, Polk declared the boundary between Texas and Mexico was the Rio Del Norte or Rio Grande.

Sea To Shining Sea

Polk had campaigned for the Presidency with a pledge to extend the United States to the Pacific Ocean. The addition of the Republic of Texas as the 28th state represented a major step toward that goal.

Follow the links below for an overview of the Mexican War and the events which led to the Battle of Palo Alto.


Did You Know?

Battle of Palo Alto

In 1870, residents of Brownsville placed a stone monument at Palo Alto in the first effort to commemorate the site.