• young visitor petting horse

    Oxon Cove Park & Oxon Hill Farm

    Maryland

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  • No public programs Monday August 25, 2014

    The Park will be open but there will be no public programs on Monday August 25, 2014. Meet the Dairy Cow, the Wagon Ride, and Chicken & Egg programs will not be happening on this day. Please call the park at 301.839.1176 if you have any questions.

  • No public programs Wednesday August 27 through Saturday August 30, 2014

    The Park will be open but there will be no public programs Wednesday August 27 through Saturday August 30, 2014. Programs will resume Sunday August 31, 2014. Please call the park at 301.839.1176 if you have any questions.

Jacob Shaw

runaway ad
Ad for "runaway" Jacob Shaw published in the National Intelligencer, September 12, 1840.
Courtesy of the Maryland State Archives.
 

In 2005, Oxon Cove Park was accepted as a member of the National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom for the discovery of the Jacob Shaw story. Jacob Shaw was enslaved on the Berry Plantation, which today comprises the southern most part of the park. Although there are no structures left from this period, there is a compelling story to be told. Programs about Jacob Shaw and his struggle for freedom will be presented by park staff in the coming year.

Thomas Berry owned a sizable slave labor force for much of the Ante-bellum Era. With other slaves toiling close to the Berry Plantation, particularly those on Dr. John Bayne's Salubria Plantation, cross-plantation communities among the enslaved peoples developed. These connections were important in escape attempts because blacks from neighboring plantations often sought freedom together. Indeed, when Bayne's slave Sam Tyler fled Salubria in December 1840, his owner suspected that he had run off with one of Berry's slave, a man named Jacob Shaw. Because Washington, D.C., a city that promised slaves who served in the army freedom, was close by, runaway slaves from these nearby plantations faced fewer obstacles than others from more distant areas.

Did You Know?

oxon hill farm museum

John Addison is the first documented owner to have developed the city of Oxon Hill, Maryland in the late 1600's. He named the city after the university he attended, Oxford University and was the first European owner of the Oxon Cove Park property.