• Scotts Bluff National Monument is located in western Nebraska, landmark for the Pony Express, Oregon, California and Mormon Pioneer national historic trails

    Oregon

    National Historic Trail ID,KS,MO,NE,OR,WY

Independence Courthouse

Independence Courthouse Square Complex - Independence, Missouri

The location of frenzied outfitting activity throughout the 1840s and early 1850s, Independence was the jumping-off point for the Santa Fe and Oregon trails. The town includes several historic buildings, monuments and Independence Spring.

As the place of convergence of early routes from the Mississippi Valley, this square was the last significant point of supply until the mid-1840s, when Westport also became an outfitting town.

When J. Quinn Thornton visited Independence in 1846, he found, "a great Babel of African slaves, indolent dark-skinned Spaniards, profane and dust-laden bullwhackers going to and from Santa Fe with their immense wagons, and emigrant families bound for the Pacific, all cheerful and intent on their embarkation upon the great prairie wilderness."

To visit the Courthouse Square Complex:

National Frontier Trails Center
318 West Pacific
Independence, MO 64050
816-325-7575
 
Map image of Independence Square location.
Map image of Independence Square location.
NPS Image

Did You Know?

Bubbling, carbonated waters of Soda Springs, Idaho.

Sulphur Springs, near the community of Soda Springs, Idaho, intirgued many Oregon and California bound emigrants. Numerous diaries and journals note the bubbling soda waters and thermal pools - curiosities never before seen by most who passed this way in the 1840s-1860s. More...