• Olympic: Three Parks in One

    Olympic

    National Park Washington

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  • Spruce Railroad Trail Closed from Lyre River Trailhead to Devil’s Punchbowl

    The trail will be closed for improvements from the Lyre River TH to approximately 0.25 miles east of Devil’s Punchbowl. Work is expected to be completed by the end of October. The remainder of the trail will be accessible from the Camp David Jr. Road TH. More »

  • Safety Advisory: Mountain Goats

    NPS has received reports of aggressive mountain goats near trails at Hurricane Ridge, Royal Basin, Seven Lakes Basin, Lake of the Angeles, & Grand Pass. Visitors are required to maintain a distance of at least 50 yards from all wildlife. More »

Historic Range in the Elwha - Pink Salmon

Historic Range:
Historically, pink salmon were the most numerous of the five Pacific salmonids in the Elwha River, returning to spawn in odd numbered years. They are estimated to have numbered in the hundreds of thousands.They were relatively abundant up until the 1960's, and seemed to have died out by the late 1980's. Like chum salmon, pink are not the strong jumpers that coho and chinook are. It is speculated that the rapids at Rica Canyon restricted pink and chum to river mile 16, spawning in the streams and tributaries closer to the mouth of the river.

Diagram:
The red line represents the theoretical range of pink salmon before construction of the dams. This extends to river mile 16, below Rica Canyon.
--The dotted red line represents the theoretical range that pink salmon could have possibly occupied, depending on the conditions. There is no historical evidence that pink salmon occupied this range.

 
Historic pink salmon
Historic range of Pink salmon in the Elwha River.
 
 
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This webpage was made possible in part by a grant from Washington's National Park Fund.

Did You Know?

dam with water flowing

Removal of two dams on the Elwha River is the second largest ecosystem restoration project in the National Park System.