A watershed is an area where all precipitation either drains on the surface or underground into an outlet stream or river. Watersheds can vary by scale, with a large watershed containing many smaller ones. In addition to surface waters, much of the precipitation filters through the soil and bedrock into the aquifer.
Aquifers are bounded by impermeable layers and once water reaches those, they begin to flow more horizontally. Groundwater flows along the rock layers until it reaches a surface point that is below the water table. Then, the water reemerges as springs or seep that flow over the surface.
Have students take a minute to write in their reflection journals. Ask them to talk about what they've written.