About This Lesson
This lesson is based on materials from the archives at Saratoga National Historical Park. Saratoga: The Tide Turns on the Frontier was written by James Parillo, a former Park Ranger/Interpreter at Saratoga National Historical Park. Jean West, education consultant; Joe Craig, Park Ranger at Saratoga National Historical Park; and the Teaching with Historic Places staff edited the lesson. TwHP is sponsored, in part, by the Cultural Resources Training Initiative and Parks as Classrooms programs of the National Park Service. This lesson is one in a series that brings the important stories of historic places into classrooms across the country.
Where it fits into the curriculum
Topics: This lesson could be used in American history, social studies, and geography courses in units on the American Revolution or New York State history.
Time period: Late 18th century
Relevant United States History Standards for Grades 5-12
Relevant Curriculum Standards for Social Studies
Find your state's social studies and history standards for grades Pre-K-12
Objectives for students
1) To describe, compare, and evaluate the strategy and fighting styles of the
American and British armies during the two battles near Saratoga, New York in 1777.
2) To compare and contrast contemporary American, British, and German accounts of the battles.
3) To assess the impact of these battles on the New York frontier on world history.
4) To determine if any descendents of participants in the American Revolution live in their own community today.
Materials for students
The materials listed below either can be used directly on the computer or can be printed out, photocopied, and distributed to students. The maps and images appear twice: in a smaller, low-resolution version with associated questions and alone in a larger version.
1) two maps showing New York State and the northern campaign;
2) three readings about the battles of Saratoga, 18th-century warfare, and contemporary soldiers' accounts of their experiences from the battle;
3) three drawings of Saratoga National Historical Park today and the battles;
4) one photo of the bluffs the Americans fortified.
Visiting the site
Saratoga National Historical Park, administered by the National Park Service, is located 30 miles north of Albany, New York, on U.S. Route 4 and NY Route 32. The visitor center is open daily except New Year's Day, Thanksgiving, and Christmas. The tour road is open April through November for self-guided tours of the battlefield. For more information, contact the Superintendent, Saratoga National Historical Park, 648 RT 32, Stillwater, NY 12170, or visit the park's web pages.