Prairie Grove Battlefield State Park)
Both the Union and the Confederacy recognized the importance of the Trans-Mississippi West. Each wanted to use the region as the basis for attacks and as a source for supplies, including men, livestock, and agriculture. After Arkansas seceded from the Union, Southern forces won the initial battles in this area. However, the Union Army won important victories at the Battle of Pea Ridge and the Battle of Prairie Grove gaining control of that region for the rest of the war.
1. On a map of the United States, find the state of Arkansas. What river runs along the border of Arkansas? Why might the control of this river and the surrounding area be important to the North and the South? On an Arkansas State map, locate the town of Prairie Grove in the northwest corner of Arkansas.
2. Examine Map 1. Circle the Borden House, the West House, and the Morton House, the three homes most affected by the battle.
3. Using Setting the Stage, complete the following exercises. Draw a line labeled "C.S.A." where the Confederate troops lined up. Draw an arrow labeled "Herron--U.S.A." to show the position of Union attacks. Draw an arrow labeled "Blunt--U.S.A." to show the attack of this Union force.
4. How do you think the battle and movement of troops affected the homes and lands noted on the map?
* The map on this screen has a resolution of 72 dots per inch (dpi), and therefore will print poorly. You can obtain a high quality version of Map 1, but be aware that the file may take as much as 55 seconds to load with a 28.8K modem.