Map 2: The Salinas basin.
The Spanish called this region the Salinas Province because of the lakes to the north where Indians collected salt. Salt was a major trade item in New Mexico that Indians used as food and to preserve meat and cure hides.
Questions for Map 2
1. Locate Gran Quivira. Why do you think the Spanish established so many missions in a relatively small area?
2. Why might they have established a visita, a place where priests came to minister once a week or so, instead of a full mission at some pueblos? What neighboring pueblo do you think Gran Quivira's priest provided services to?
3. Use the scale to estimate the distance between Gran Quivira and the salt lakes. Approximately how long do you think it took the inhabitants of Gran Quivira to travel that distance on foot? How long would it take to travel that distance today by car?
* The map on this screen has a resolution of 72 dots per inch (dpi), and therefore will print poorly. You can obtain a high quality version of Map 2, but be aware that the file may take as much as 60 seconds to load with a 28.8K modem.