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How to Use the Images

 

Inquiry Question

Historical Context

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Photo 1
Photo 3

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Visual Evidence


Photo 2: Detail of Floor Boards, Iron Hill School.

[Graphic] Photo 2 with link to higher quality photo.
(Susan Brizzolara Wojcik)

Document 1:
School Furniture Advertisement.
[Graphic] Document 1 with link to higher quality image.
(The American School Board Journal, Vol. 58, 1919.)

1) Consider how the photo and the advertisement relate to each other. The desk and chair in the upper left corner of the ad are the type found in the attic of Iron Hill school and remembered by a student who attended in 1937. The desk and chair found in the attic line up perfectly over holes that still exist in the floor boards where the desks and chairs were attached to the floor.

2) Reread the paragraph in Reading 2 on community uses of small schools. In his specifications for school equipment, Betelle called for "forty movable 'Moultrop' desks." Locate a Moultrop chair desk in the advertisement. (You will probably need the high quality version of the ad to find it.) A former Iron Hill student remembers that by 1949 the desks and chairs were moved around for special activities. This implies that Moultrop chair desks were used because they did not need to be fastened to the floor. How then might you account for the holes in the floor and the desk and chair found in the attic? Why might the school have replaced the desks and chairs?

3) How do the chairs and desks in the ad compare to those in your classroom and school auditorium?

4) What factor does the ad seem to stress most about the school furniture? Why?

* The images on the screen have a resolution of 72 dots per inch (dpi), and therefore will print poorly. You can obtain high quality versions of the photo and the advertisement, but be aware that either file will take about 45 seconds to load with a 28.8K modem.

 

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National Park Service arrowhead with link to NPS website.