About This Lesson
This lesson about the founders of Ontario and the Frankish Building is based on the National Register of Historic Places registration file "Frankish Building," local newspaper files, and other local sources. It was written by Brent Heath, Social Studies Chair and Specialist at De Anza Middle School in Ontario, California. TwHP is sponsored, in part, by the Cultural Resources Training Initiative and Parks as Classrooms programs of the National Park Service. This lesson is one in a series that brings the important stories of historic places into the classrooms across the country.
Where it fits into the curriculum
Topics: The lesson can be used in units on the Progressive Era in U.S. history courses, in the examination of a variety of civic issues, and in the study of architecture. Students will practice their skills of observation, analysis, and group participation.
Time period: 1880s-1910s
Relevant United States History Standards for Grades 5-12
Relevant Curriculum Standards for Social Studies
Find your state's social studies and history standards for grades Pre-K-12
Objectives for students
1) To evaluate the impact of the Chaffey brothers and Charles Frankish on Ontario, California, and compare their efforts with those of similarly important figures in their own community's history.
2) To understand the importance of irrigation in the settlement of Ontario, California.
3) To examine how particular buildings can be considered symbols of civic and individual pride.
4) To analyze the architectural merits of the Frankish Building.
5) To complete a Historic Resources Inventory of an important building in their own community.
Materials for students
The materials listed below either can be used directly on the computer or can be printed out, photocopied, and distributed to students. The maps, photos, and drawings appear twice: in a low-resolution version with associated questions and alone in a larger, high-resolution version.
1) maps of Ontario and California;
2) readings about the efforts of three men to guide the growth of Ontario;
3) a photo of Euclid Avenue;
4) a drawing of architectural details;
5) photos of the Frankish Building.
Visiting the site
Ontario can be reached from east or west by Interstate Highway 10 or California Highways 66 or 60, the Pomona Freeway, or by flying in to the Ontario International Airport. The Frankish Building is located at the corner of Euclid Avenue and Transit Street.