Curriculum Standards for Social Studies
National Council for the Social Studies
Theme I: Culture
- Standard B - The student explains how information and experiences may be interpreted by people from diverse cultural perspectives and frames of reference.
Theme II: Time, Continuity and Change
- Standard E - The student develops critical sensitivities such as empathy and skepticism regarding attitudes, values, and behaviors of people in different historical contexts.
- Standard F - The student uses knowledge of facts and concepts drawn from history, along with methods of historical inquiry, to inform decision-making about and action-taking on public issues.
Theme V: Individuals, Groups, and Institutions
- Standard A - The student demonstrates an understanding of concepts such as role, status, and social class in describing the interactions of individuals and social groups.
- Standard D - The student identifies and analyzes examples of tensions between expressions of individuality and group or institutional efforts to promote social conformity.
Theme VI: Power, Authority, and Governance
- Standard B - The student describes the purpose of government and how its powers are acquired, used, and justified.
- Standard C - The student analyzes and explains ideas and governmental mechanisms to meet needs and wants of citizens, regulate territory, manage conflict, and establish order and security.
- Standard E - The student identifies and describes the basic features of the political systems in the United States, and identifies representative leaders from various levels and branches of government.
- Standard F - The student explains conditions, actions, and motivations that contribute to conflict and cooperation within and among nations.
- Standard H - The student explains and applies concepts such as power, role, status, justice, and influence to the examination of persistent issues and social problems.
Theme VII: Production, Distribution, and Consumption
- Standard D - The student describes a range of examples of the various institutions that make up economic systems such as households, business firms, banks, government agencies, labor unions, and corporations.
- Standard I - The student uses economic concepts to help explain historical and current developments and issues in local, national, or global contexts.
Theme X: Civic Ideals, and Practices
- Standard C - The student locates, accesses, analyzes, organizes, and applies information about selected public issues - recognizing and explaining multiple points of view.
- Standard D - The student practices forms of civic discussion and participation consistent with the ideals of citizens in a democratic republic.
- Standard F - The student identifies and explains the roles of formal and informal political actors in influencing and shaping public policy and decision-making.
- Standard J - The student examines strategies designed to strengthen the "common good," which consider a range of options for citizen action.