Map 2: Battle of Guildford [sic].
This map was published in 1787 in Lt. Col. Banastre Tarleton's Campaigns of 1780 and 1781 in the Southern Provinces of North America. It was based on a map drawn in the field by one of Cornwallis's army engineers.
Questions for Map 2
1. Note the location of the Courthouse, which gave its name to the battle, and also the farm which is found above the words "Order of Battle." The British army marched over the plowed fields of the farm as it attacked the American first line. The farmhouse (the small black square) appears just above the line of battle.
2. Study the map carefully and then list things it tells you about the community and the topographical layout of the area in which the battle took place.
3. Using the scale given, how far was the battle from the county seat of Guilford Courthouse? Why do you think the battle was named after Guilford Courthouse? What are some other ways in which battles are named?
4. The details and scale of the battlefield are quite accurate, but the north point should be rotated 50 degrees to the left for proper orientation. Use a pencil and protractor to correct the directional error on your copy of the map. Why might such a basic error occur on an otherwise accurate map?
* The map on this screen has a resolution of 72 dots per inch (dpi), and therefore will print poorly. You can obtain a high quality version of Map 2, but be aware that the file may take as much as 60 seconds to load with a 28.8K modem.