Forty-Niners is a term used to describe the gold-seekers who migrated to California after the 1848 gold discovery at Sutter's Mill. Map 1 shows routes used by gold-seekers from Salt Lake to Los Angeles.
1. Using the scale, measure the distance between Salt Lake and Las Vegas, and then Las Vegas and San Berndardino. What kinds of terrain did missionaries traveling this route have to cross? What methods of transportation do you think might have been available along this route in the 1850s?
2. Does this map give you a better idea how difficult it was for the pioneer Mormons to settle the Las Vegas area? Why or why not?
3. How did the discovery of gold help promote a need for a way station? If needed, please refer to Setting the Stage.
* The image on this screen has a resolution of 72 dots per inch (dpi), and therefore will print poorly. You can obtain a larger version of Map 1, but be aware that the file may take as much as 35 seconds to load with a 28.8K modem.