View of wooden markers at Dayton National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers cemetery, now Dayton National Cemetery; Entrance to Alexandria (VA) National Cemetery, circa 1865; Rostrum, circa 1890, Loudon Park National Cemetery
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Civil War Era National Cemeteries: Honoring Those Who Served


Poplar Grove National Cemetery

Petersburg, Virginia


Lodge
Superintendent's Lodge, Poplar Grove National Cemetery
Courtesy of the National Park Service
The eight-acre Poplar Grove National Cemetery is the final resting place for 6,181 Union soldiers, Native American Civil War soldiers, and one British solder from WWI.  The majority of the soldiers buried in the cemetery died in one of the last engagements of the Civil War, when Union troops moved to isolate the Virginia town of Petersburg from the Confederate capital of Richmond. The Federal Government established the national cemetery in 1866.  The last burials were of three unknonw Union solders on Memorial Day in 2003. Today, the cemetery is one of four components of the Petersburg National Battlefield, a National Park Service unit preserving the battlefield and its landmarks. The battlefield’s visitor centers feature exhibits, films, and tours to illustrate how the Union actions against Petersburg led to the surrender of General Robert E. Lee and the end of the Civil War. Poplar Grove National Cemetery is one of 14 national cemeteries managed by the National Park Service.

After unsuccessful attempts to directly assault and capture the Confederate capital of Richmond, Union General Ulysses S. Grant devised a new strategy to choke the city slowly.  The new target became the town of Petersburg, 25 miles south of Richmond and an important supply center for the capital.  After a series of fruitless attacks on Petersburg in mid-June of 1864, Grant adopted a strategy to surround Petersburg slowly and methodically and cut the rail and road supply lines feeding Richmond.  For ten months, Union soldiers, set in trenches around the town, fought Confederate forces holding Petersburg.  Sniper fire, light artillery engagements, and mortar shelling filled the days as Grant’s men gradually wore down the thinly stretched Confederate defense.

In mid-March 1865, Confederate General Robert E. Lee ordered a surprise attack against the Union at Fort Stedman at the western side of Petersburg.  Considered Lee’s last grand offensive move of the war, the attack failed.  On April 1, 1865, Union forces routed a Confederate defense at Five Forks and gained control of the last rail line from Petersburg to Richmond.  This final blow forced Lee into retreat, abandoning both Petersburg and Richmond.  A week later Lee surrendered in Appomattox, Virginia.

In the wake of the Civil War, the U.S. government established numerous national cemeteries in Virginia at the site of intensive battles and other engagements. In 1866, the Army’s Office of the Quartermaster General selected a site for a cemetery to hold the remains of Union soldiers who died during the siege of Petersburg.  The site selected was a former Union camp south of Petersburg.  The 50th New York Engineers built the camp in October 1864, which consisted of a central parade ground surrounded by barracks, officers’ quarters, and the Poplar Grove Church.

After the war, most of the old camp buildings were removed and remains were brought from sites around the Petersburg area.  By 1867, nearly 5,200 burials lie in the Poplar Grove National Cemetery.

Poplar Grove Site Map

1893 Site Plan of Poplar Grove National Cemetery.
Courtesy of the National Archives and Records Administration
(click on image to enlarge)

The layout of the cemetery is fairly unique among national cemeteries, consisting of a square parcel with concentric circles radiating from a flagpole and mound at the center.  Initially, the Poplar Grove Church meeting hall stood at the center of the cemetery.  The deteriorated building was removed in 1868.  By June 1869, the task of burying the Union dead was complete, with 6,178 soldiers laid to rest in the national cemetery.

Beginning in 1871, the Federal Government implemented a series of improvements for the cemetery, including the cemetery’s brick enclosure wall and iron gates, marble headstones for the graves, and the erection of a superintendent’s lodge near the cemetery’s entrance.  The lodge is a one-and-one-half story brick building in the Second Empire style, notable for its mansard roof and dormer windows.  The lodge’s design is of a standard plan created by Quartermaster General Montgomery C. Meigs, and is one of the 17 remaining Second Empire-style Meigs lodges found at the Civil War era national cemeteries.

Additional improvements at Poplar Grove National Cemetery included the construction of an iron rostrum (1897) and restrooms and maintenance facilities (1929).  In 1915, a tornado swept through the cemetery, destroying 139 trees.  Many of these trees were replaced during the 1930s.  In 1933, the appearance of the cemetery was radically altered when the upright headstones were laid flat into the ground in order to facilitate landscape maintenance.

In 1957, the last burial in the cemetery took place, and the government officially closed Poplar Grove National Cemetery to interments.  Since that time, little has changed to the physical landscape within the cemetery.  In 1991, the National Park Foundation purchased roughly four acres west of the cemetery in order to provide a small space for parking and to serve as a wooded barrier as residential growth encroaches upon the cemetery property.
Plan your visit

Poplar Grove National Cemetery, a part of Petersburg National Battlefield, a unit of the National Park System, is located at 8005 Vaughan Road in Petersburg, VA. The cemetery is open daily from 9am to 5pm; a self-service station provides maps and burial info.  Staff members will occasionally be available for the visitors to ask questions. For more information, visit the National Park Service Petersburg National Battlefield website or call the park’s visitor center at 804-732-3531.  While visiting, be mindful that our national cemeteries are hallowed ground and be respectful to all of our nation’s fallen soldiers and their families.  Additional cemetery policies may be posted on site.

The cemetery is one of four components of the national battlefield, a unit of the National Park Service.  The Eastern Front Visitor Center in Petersburg introduces the siege of Petersburg and its impact of the war.  Other components of the park include General Grant’s Headquarters at City Point in Hopewell, and the Five Forks Battlefield in Dinwiddle.

The National Park Service’s American Battlefield Protection Program provides a brief summary of the Siege of Petersburg. Additional information on the battle is available from the Civil War Preservation Trust.

Poplar Grove National Cemetery is one of seven national cemeteries in the Richmond area.  The others include: Fort Harrison and Richmond National Cemeteries in Richmond; Seven Pines National Cemetery in Sandston; Cold Harbor National Cemetery in Mechanicsville; City Point National Cemetery in Hopewell, and Glendale National Cemetery in Richmond.

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