View of soldiers graves near City Point General Hospital, circa 1865; historic cemetery ID shield; Lithograph of the Soldiers and Sailors Monument at Hampton National Cemetery
Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary
Civil War Era National Cemeteries: Honoring Those Who Served

Springfield National Cemetery

Springfield, Missouri

Springfield National Cemetery
Springfield National Cemetery
Courtesy of the Department of Veterans Affairs, National Cemetery Administration, History Program

Springfield National Cemetery was established in 1867 on prairie land south of Springfield, Missouri.  Today, the cemetery’s 18 acres are bounded by residential neighborhoods and commercial areas.  Initially created as a final resting place for Union soldiers who died in battle near Springfield, the cemetery now contains the remains of veterans from other wars, including the Revolutionary War, Spanish-American War, and World War II.  The Springfield National Cemetery also includes a six-acre portion established by the Confederate Cemetery Association in 1871. An act of Congress in 1911 authorized the Secretary of War to accept the Confederate cemetery as a part of the Springfield National Cemetery.

Springfield, Missouri, lies on the Springfield Plateau of the Ozark Mountains, which gives the city its nickname, "Gateway of the Ozarks."  First settled in 1829 by John Polk Campbell, the area quickly became an established settlement with stores, mills, and a post office, and was incorporated as a town in 1838.

Although Missouri voted to stay in the Union, Confederate sympathies ran strong throughout the state.  On August 10, 1861, the first major Civil War engagement west of the Mississippi River occurred ten miles south of Springfield.  More than 5,000 Union troops and 12,000 Confederate forces clashed at Wilson’s Creek.  The battle ended in a Confederate victory, but disorganization and bad planning prevented Southern forces from capitalizing on their success.  The battle is significant, marking the first death of a Union General in combat; Brigadier General Nathaniel Lyon died during a Union charge, felled by a Confederate bullet.

After the Civil War, the city of Springfield purchased 80 acres of prairie for a cemetery, and granted the U.S. government the privilege of selecting a plot for a national cemetery.  Five acres were selected on the highest ground and purchased for $37.50 an acre.  The Springfield National Cemetery was officially established in 1867, and many of the men who died in the Battle of Wilson’s Creek were buried there. Additionally, the remains of Union troops buried in several Missouri counties were removed and reinterred in the new cemetery.

In 1871, a Confederate cemetery was established adjacent to the national cemetery, containing roughly six acres total with an area of 2.7 acres enclosed by a wall.  In March 1911, Congress authorized the Secretary of War to accept the Confederate cemetery as part of the Springfield National Cemetery.  A deed restriction prevented the burial of anyone other than Confederate military veterans within the boundaries of the old Confederate cemetery.

Site Plan

1893 Site Plan of Springfield National Cemetery
Courtesy of the National Archives and Records Administration
(click on image to enlarge)

After World War II, the Department of the Army expanded the national cemetery, receiving approval from the Confederate Cemetery Association to use areas within the boundaries of the old Confederate cemetery but outside the enclosed area.  In the 1980s, given the many unoccupied graves within the area restricted for Confederate burials, the Department of Veterans Affairs and the Confederate Cemetery Association of Missouri agreed to allow burials of all veterans in the area within the enclosure wall.  In 1984, the Daughters of the Confederacy dedicated a plaque on a monument in the old Confederate section, stating that the area’s “use by all veterans and their dependents serves as a symbol of unification of purpose for memorializing those who have honorably served this great nation….”

The national cemetery’s original five acres were laid out in a square pattern, with evenly spaced paths crossing perpendicularly and diagonally.  A limestone wall, capped with sandstone slabs, lines the perimeter of the original grounds.  The wall, constructed in 1874, replaced a wooden picket fence.  At the center of the original grounds is a circle with a flagpole and four artillery monuments.  Immediately west of the front entrance gate stands the cemetery’s administration building, a two-story brick structure with a slate hipped roof.  Built in 1940, the brick building served as a home and office for the cemetery’s superintendent. Renovated in 1996, the building today is used solely for administrative purposes.  At the northwest corner of the original cemetery grounds stands a brick service building constructed prior to 1933; it has been extensively modified since it was built.

Also located on the grounds of the cemetery is a rectangular stone-block rostrum.  Built between the Confederate and Union portions of the cemetery, the rostrum resembles a miniature Greek temple and features speakers’ lecterns on both sides for patriotic and memorial observances. Bronze plaques on the rostrum’s south side face toward the Confederate graves.  One plaque references the Confederate soldiers buried there and the battles in which they died, notably the Battle of Wilson’s Creek.  The other plaques state the establishment dates of the Confederate cemetery and the installation of the cemetery’s carillon in 1979.  On the rostrum’s north side, facing Union graves, a single plaque is inscribed with a memorial to the veterans of the Vietnam War.

Several large commemorative monuments stand on the cemetery’s grounds.  Two are located just east of the administration building. The oldest is a memorial honoring Brigadier General Nathaniel Lyon, the commanding officer at the Battle of Wilson’s Creek and the first Union General to die in the Civil War.  The 12-foot-tall monument, erected in 1888 by the citizens of Springfield, is a marble pillar topped with a knight’s helmet, battle axe, and wreath.  Nearby the Lyon monument, a Union memorial stands 25-feet tall. Erected in 1907 in accordance with the bequest of local doctor T.J. Bailey, it features a life-sized statue of an infantry soldier and is inscribed with a commemoration honoring the Union dead.  The other side of the monument has an inscription stating that the monument was “erected under the provisions of the last will of Dr. Thomas Bailey to show his love for the Union and its gallant defenders”


Original wall, Springfield National Cemetery
Courtesy of the Department of Veterans Affairs, National Cemetery Administration, History Program

Commissioned by the United Confederate Veterans of Missouri in 1901, Italian sculptor Chevalier Trentanove created a bronze figure of a Confederate soldier to honor both the Confederate soldiers of Missouri and General Sterling Price, a former governor of Missouri and the Confederate commander at the Battle of Wilson’s Creek.  The front of the monument features a bronze bas-relief portrait of Price.  Also located within the old Confederate cemetery grounds is a granite marker, placed in 1958 by the Daughters of the Confederacy, honoring the unknown Confederate dead at the Battle of Wilson’s Creek.

Erected in recent years, other monuments at the Springfield National Cemetery include a granite and bronze memorial to those who died in the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941.  The Pearl Harbor Survivors Association dedicated the memorial in 1992. In 1999, the Sons and Daughters of the American Revolution installed a granite monument in honor of those who died in the Revolutionary War.  A Revolutionary War veteran, Private William Freeman, is buried at Springfield National Cemetery.   Freeman was a North Carolina militia member who served as a scout for General George Washington. Freeman’s grave is located near the General Lyon Memorial.

Other notable burials in the Springfield National Cemetery include five Buffalo Soldiers.  Members of African American army regiments created after the Civil War, the "Buffalo Soldiers" protected settlers moving west, built and renovated Army posts and camps, and maintained law and order in the western expanses of the country. 

Springfield National Cemetery is also the final resting place of five recipients of the Medal of Honor, the nation's highest military decoration, given for "conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty."

Plan your visit

Springfield National Cemetery is located at 1702 East Seminole St. in Springfield, MO.  The cemetery is open for visitation daily from dawn to dusk; however, limited cemetery staff are present on site. Springfield National Cemetery is overseen by the administrative office at Jefferson Barracks National Cemetery in St. Louis, MO, It is open Monday-Friday from 8:00am to 4:30pm, and is closed on Christmas and New Year’s Day.  For more information, please contact the cemetery office at 314-845-8320, or see the Department of Veterans Affairs website. While visiting, please be mindful that our national cemeteries are hallowed ground.  Be respectful to all of our nation’s fallen soldiers and their families.  Additional cemetery policies may be posted on site.

Located near the cemetery is the site of the Battle of Wilson’s Creek, the first major battle of the Civil War fought west of the Mississippi River.  Now a national battlefield managed by the National Park Service, the site includes a museum and paths for hiking, driving and cycling. 

Springfield National Cemetery was photographed to the standards established by the National Park Service’s Historic American Landscapes Survey.

Next page
Comments or Questions

Itinerary Home | List of sites | Maps | Learn More | Credits | Other Itineraries | NR Home | Search