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Massachusetts Conservation


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By clicking on these links, you can go directly to a particular section:

Massachusetts Conservation History, Tourism, and Preservation Websites

Other Relevant National Park Service Websites
Other Relevant Websites
Selected Massachusetts Conservation History Bibliography

Massachusetts Conservation History, Tourism, and Preservation Websites

Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation is steward of one of the largest state parks systems in the country.  Its 450,000 acres is made up of forests, parks, greenways, historic sites and landscapes, seashores, lakes, ponds, reservoirs and watersheds.

Massachusetts Historical Commission, the state historic preservation office, identifies, evaluates & protects the state's historic & archaeological resources.

Commonwealth of Massachusetts Tourism
Massachusetts Office of Tourism and Travel

The Trustees of Reservations preserve, for public use and enjoyment, properties of exceptional scenic, historic, and ecological value in Massachusetts.

Arnold Arboretum
City of Boston’s Parks and Recreation Arnold Arboretum
The Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University
Official Visitor site for the City of Boston
Greater Boston Convention and Visitors Bureau
Boston Green Tourism
Boston's Arnold Arboretum: A Place for Study and Recreation (Teaching with Historic Places lesson plan)

Boston Common
Mapping Boston
Frog Pond
Freedom Trail
Official Visitor site for the City of Boston
Greater Boston Convention and Visitors Bureau
Boston Green Tourism
The Emerald Necklace: Boston’s Green Connection (Teaching with Historic Places lesson plan)

Boston Public Garden
City of Boston Parks & Recreation
Official Visitor site for the City of Boston
Greater Boston Convention and Visitors Bureau
Boston Green Tourism
The Emerald Necklace: Boston’s Green Connection (Teaching with Historic Places lesson plan)
Boston Public Garden Suspension Bridge

Charles River Reservation in the Charles River Basin Historic District
Charles River Conservancy
Charles River Reservation at the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation
Official Visitor site for the City of Boston
Greater Boston Convention and Visitors Bureau
Boston Green Tourism
Official Visitor site for the City of Cambridge
Official Visitor site for the City of Newton

Concord Monument Square
Town of Concord
Community site for ConcordMA.com
Concord Chamber of Conference

Dana Common
Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation: The Watersheds

Forest Hills Cemetery
Forest Hills Cemetery
Forest Hills Educational Trust
Official Visitor site for the City of Boston
Greater Boston Convention and Visitors Bureau
Boston Green Tourism

Frederick Law Olmsted House National Historic Site
Frederick Law Olmsted House National Historic Site
Town of Brookline
Boston's Arnold Arboretum: A Place for Study and Recreation (Teaching with Historic Places lesson plan)
The Emerald Necklace: Boston’s Green Connection (Teaching with Historic Places leson plan)
Olmsted Research Guide Online
National Association for Olmsted Parks

Fruitlands Museums Historic District
Fruitlands Museum
Visiting the Town of Harvard
Places Where Women Made History

Laurel Hill Park in Main Street Historic District
Stockbridge Chamber of Commerce
Town of Stockbridge

Lynn Woods Historic District
City of Lynn
Friends of Lynn Woods

Metropolitan Park System of Greater Boston
Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation
Division of Urban Parks and Recreation
Library of Congress and Harvard Graduate School of Design, American Landscape and Architectural Design, 1850-1920
Official Visitor site for the City of Boston
Greater Boston Convention and Visitors Bureau
Boston Green Tourism

Middlesex Fells Reservation Parkways
Middlesex Fells Reservation at the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation
Friends of the Fells
Official Visitor site for the City of Boston
Greater Boston Convention and Visitors Bureau
Boston Green Tourism
Spot Pond Brook Archaeological District Self-Guided Walking Tour

Mohawk Trail
Mohawk Trail at the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation
Mohawk Trail Region
American Towns’ Things to do in Charlemont, MA
Discover the Berkshires
Just the Berkshires

Mount Auburn Cemetery
Mount Auburn Cemetery
Official Visitor site for the City of Cambridge
Watertown, Massachusetts
Massachusetts Important Bird Areas
Mount Auburn Cemetery: A New American Landscape (TwHP)

Mount Greylock Summit Historic District
Mount Greylock at the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation
Mount Greylock on the National Scenic Byways Program
Discover the Berkshires
Just the Berkshires

Mount Holyoke in the Hockanum Rural Historic District
J.A. Skinner State Park from the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation
Thomas Cole National Historic Site
Thomas Cole National Historic Site
Hudson River School
Thomas Cole’s painting “View from Mt. Holyoke, Northampton, Massachusetts, after a Thunderstorm (The Oxbow),” can be viewed online at the Metropolitan Museum of Art

The Old Manse
The Trustees of Reservations, The Old Manse
Concord Chamber of Conference
ConcordMA.com Visitor Information

Olmsted Park System
City of Boston’s Parks & Recreation Department
Town of Brookline’s Parks and Open Space Division
Emerald Necklace Conservancy
Official Visitor site for the City of Boston
Greater Boston Convention and Visitors Bureau
Boston Green Tourism
Town of Brookline
The Emerald Necklace: Boston’s Green Connection (Teaching with Historic Places lesson plan)
Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site
National Association for Olmsted Parks
Olmsted Research Guide Online

Ralph Waldo Emerson House
Ralph Waldo Emerson House
Concord Chamber of Conference
ConcordMA.com Visitor Information
Concord Museum
Walking Tour of Concord
Ralph Waldo Emerson Society
American Transcendentalism Web:Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882)

Revere Beach Reservation Historic District
Revere Beach Reservation at the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation
Mass Online, Revere Beach Reservation
RevereBeach.com
The City of Revere

Shirley Center Historic District
Town of Shirley

Sleepy Hollow Cemetery
Town of Concord Public Works Cemetery Division
Friends of Sleepy Hollow
Concord Chamber of Conference
ConcordMA.com Visitor Information The Concord Magazine November/December 2001 and January/February 2002

Walden Pond
Walden Pond State Reservation at the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation
The Walden Woods Project
Friends of Walden Pond
Concord Chamber of Conference
ConcordMA.com Visitor Information

William Cullen Bryant Homestead
Trustees of Reservations William Cullen Bryant Homestead
Franklin County Chamber of Commerce
William Cullen Bryant poetry at Questia and Poet’s Corner

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Other Relevant National Park Service Websites


National Park Service The main National Park Service website is the gateway to national parks, information on preserving America’s history and culture in parks and communities, and a vast amount of other useful information on National Park Service programs, history and culture, nature and science, education, and other topics.

Discover History The National Park Service's Cultural Resources Programs are dedicated to preserving history, education, and grants. Find out about the programs and the services they provide, and much more, by going to the Discover History home. History is everywhere. In nearly 400 national parks and every hometown. It covers everything from the remnants of ancient civilizations to the boyhood homes of U.S. Presidents to the stirring sagas of hard-fought wars to the reverberations of one woman refusing to give up her seat on a bus. History is a part of who we were, who we are, and who we will be.

Discover Our Shared Heritage Travel Itinerary Series  The National Park Service's travel itineraries include many interesting and exciting historic destinations to visit online and in person.  Each itinerary spotlights a different geographic region, theme, or community, and provides a weathy of information. The travel itineraries include a huge variety of places significant in American history, architecture, archeology, engineering, and culture, most of which are listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

Heritage Documentation Programs in the American Memory: Built in America The National Park Service Heritage Documentation Programs include HABS (Historic American Buildings Survey), the Federal Government’s oldest operating preservation program, and companion programs, HAER (Historic American Engineering Record) and HALS (Historic American Landscapes Survey). Drawings, maps, photographs, and historical reports produced through the programs and archived at the Library of Congress constitute the nation’s largest collection of historical architectural, engineering, and landscape documentation.

History E-Library This National Park Service website includes many useful NPS documents on National Park System units associated with cultural heritage and a variety of other publications related to history and historic places.

National Historic Landmarks National Historic Landmarks are nationally significant historic places designated by the Secretary of the Interior because they possess exceptional value in interpreting the heritage of the United States. Today, fewer than 2,500 historic places bear this national distinction. The National Park Service administers the National Historic Landmarks Program.

National Heritage Areas Program National Heritage Areas (NHAs) are designated by Congress as places where natural, cultural, and historic resources combine to form a cohesive, nationally important landscape. Through their resources, NHAs tell nationally important stories that celebrate our nation's diverse heritage. NHAs are lived-in landscapes. Consequently, NHA entities collaborate with communities to determine how to make heritage relevant to local interests and needs. There are five National Heritage Areas in Massachusetts. Freedom’s Way National Heritage Area is significant in the history of conservation – celebrated in “In Thoreau’s Footsteps” programs – and all of the areas support conservation efforts today. 

    Freedom’s Way National Heritage Area (MA/NH)

    Essex National Heritage Area (MA)

    John H. Chafee Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor (MA/RI)

    Quinebaug and Shetucket Rivers Valley National Heritage Corridor (a.k.a. The Last Green Valley) (MA/CT)

    Upper Housatonic Valley National Heritage Area (MA/CT)

National Register of Historic Places The National Register of Historic Places is the nation’s official inventory of historic places worthy of preservation. Districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects significant in American history, architecture, archeology, engineering, and culture are included in the National Register, which is expanded and maintained by the National Park Service. The National Register website is the gateway to information on authentic registered historic places, the benefits of recognition, and how to become involved in identifying, nominating to the National Register, and protecting these irreplaceable reminders of our heritage. The National Register publications are online. Among them are brochures in both English and Spanish.

National Trails System The National Historic Trails System is the network of scenic, historic, and recreation trails created by the National Trails System Act of 1968. These trails provide for outdoor recreation needs, promote the enjoyment, appreciation, and preservation of open-air, outdoor areas and historic resources, and encourage public access and citizen involvement.

Office of International Affairs The National Park Service has an Office of International Affairs that works to facilitate cooperation between the U.S. National Park Service and counterpart agencies around the globe. In celebration of the 40th anniversary of the World Heritage Convention, the National Park Service has produced a short film on all the World Heritage sites in the U.S. Please click here to view this video.

Office of Sustainable Tourism National Parks have been interwoven with tourism from their earliest days. This website highlights the ways in which the National Park Service promotes and supports sustainable, responsible, informed and managed visitor use through cooperation and coordination with the tourism industry.

Park Cultural Landscapes The National Park Service Cultural Landscapes website provides information about cultural landscapes and the National Park Service's role in preserving cultural landscapes and assisting the nation in preserving them.

Teaching with Historic Places  Teaching with Historic Places (TwHP) uses properties listed in the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places to enliven history, social studies, geography, civics, and other subjects. TwHP has created a variety of products and activities that help teachers bring historic places into the classroom. The website for the National Park Service Teaching with Historic Places Program contains a wealth of information for educators and students that can be used in the classroom and beyond. It offers a series of more than 140 online classroom-ready place-based lesson plans created by historians and educators. Each lesson is linked to national and State standards for history and social studies. Lesson plans are indexed in several ways.

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Other Relevant Websites

American Memory at the Library of Congress  Search this website for documents, photographs, and other materials relating to America’s diverse population.

American Scenic Byways  This website, maintained by the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, includes information on State and nationally designated byway routes throughout America based on their archeological, cultural, historic, natural, recreational and scenic qualities.

The Cultural Landscape Foundation provides people with the ability to see, understand and value landscape architecture and its practitioners, in the way many have learned to do with buildings and their designers. Through its website, lectures, outreach and publishing, TCLF broadens the support and understanding for cultural landscapes nationwide to help safeguard our priceless heritage for future generations.

Historic Hotels of America A feature of the National Trust for Historic Preservation's Heritage Traveler program that provides information on historic hotels and package tours in the vicinity of sites included in this itinerary.

National Archives and Records Administration Search the National Archives website for a number of primary documents.

National Park Foundation The National Park Foundation, in partnership with the National Park Service, enriches America’s national parks and programs through private support, safeguarding our heritage and inspiring generations of national park enthusiasts.

National Trust for Historic Preservation The National Trust for Historic Preservation is a United States Congress-chartered non-profit membership organization that works to save America’s historic places. Chartered by Congress in 1949, the organization is now supported entirely by private contributions. In the word of the National Trust, "We take direct on-the-ground action when historic buildings and sites are threatened. Our work helps build vibrant, sustainable communities. We advocate with governments to save America’s heritage. We strive to create a cultural legacy as diverse as the nation itself so that all of us can take pride in our part of the American story."

The Preserve America Communities program recognizes and designates communities that protect and celebrate their heritage, use their historic assets for economic development and community revitalization, and encourage people to experience and appreciate local historic resources through education and heritage tourism programs.

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Selected Massachusetts Conservation History Bibliography


Allen, David Grayson. The Olmsted National Historic Site and the Growth of Historic Landscape Preservation. Lebanon, NH: Northeastern University Press, 2007.

Anderson, Larry. Benton MacKaye: Conservationist, Planner, and Creator of the Appalachian
Trail. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002.

Beveridge, Charles and Paul Rocheleau. Fredrick Law Olmsted: Designing the American
Landscape. New York: Rizzoli, 2004.

Birnbaum, Charles A. and Robin Karson, ed. Pioneers of American Landscape Design. New
York: McGraw-Hill, 2000.

Brown, Charles Henry. William Cullen Bryant, New York: Scribner, 1971.

Burns, Deborah and Lauren R. Stevens. Most excellent majesty: a history of Mount Greylock.
Berkshire County Land Trust and Conservation Fund, 1988.

Conservation Timeline 1801-1900

Conservation Timeline 1901-2000

Detamore, Bree. “Botanists, Horticulturists and Garden Enthusiasts at Mount Auburn,” Friends of
Mount Auburn Cemetery, 2003.

Eliot, Charles W. Charles Eliot, Landscape Architect, A Lover of Nature and of His Kind Who
Trained Himself For a New Profession Practised it Happily and Through it Wrought Much Good. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Company, 1902.

Emerson, Ralph Waldo. The Essential Writings of Ralph Waldo Emerson, ed. Brooks Atkinson
with introduction by Mary Oliver. New York: The Modern Library, 2000.

Emerson, Ralph Waldo. “Address at the Consecration of Sleepy Hollow.” The Later Lectures of Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1843-1871, Volume 2, ed. Ronald A. Bosco
and Joel Myerson. Athens: The University of Georgia Press, 2001.

Foster, Charles H.W., ed. Stepping Back to Look Forward: A History of the Massachusetts
Forest. Distributed by Harvard University for Harvard Forest, Petersham, MA, 1998.

Francis, Richard. Fruitlands: The Alcott Family and Their Search for Utopia. New Haven: Yale
University Press, 2010.

Francis, Richard. Transcendental Utopia: Individual and Community at Brook Farm, Fruitlands,
and Walden. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2007.

Haglund, Karl and Renata von Tscharmer. Inventing the Charles River. Cambridge: The MIT
Press, 2002.

Heywood, Janet. “Some Ornithologists and Benefactors of Birds at Mount Auburn” (brochure)
Friends of Mount Auburn Cemetery, 2003.

Hoeltje. “Hubert H. Thoreau as Lecturer.” New England Quarterly XIX no. 4, (December 1946):
485-494.

Holmes, Oliver Wendell. Ralph Waldo Emerson. Charleston: BiblioBazaar, 2007.

Kastner, Joseph. 1994. “Long before furs, it was feathers that stirred reformist ire.” Smithsonian 25: 96-105.

Leahy, Christopher. “Birds and Birding at Mount Auburn Cemetery: An Introductory Guide.”
Friends of Mount Auburn.

Linden-Ward, Blanche. Silent City on a Hill: Landscapes of Memory and Boston’s Mount
Auburn Cemetery. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1989.

MacKaye, Benton. Expedition Nine: A Return to a Region. Washington: Wilderness Society,
1969.

MacKaye, Benton. From Geography to Geotechnics. Urbana-Champaign: University of Illinois
Press, 1969.

MacKaye, Benton. The New Exploration: A Philosophy of Regional Planning. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1928; Reprint edition Appalachian Trail Conference, 1991.

Maynard, William B. Walden Pond: A history. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

McFarland, Philip. Hawthorne in Concord. New York: Grove Press, 2005.

National Park Service, “Landscape Guide to Fairsted,” (Brochure), Frederick Law Olmsted
National Historic Site, Brookline, MA.

Newman, William and Wilfred Holton. Boston’s Back Bay: The Story of America's Greatest
Nineteenth-Century Landfill Project. Boston: Northeastern, 2007.

Newton, Norman T. Design on the Land: The Development of Landscape Architecture.
Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1971.

Porte, Joel. Representative Man: Ralph Waldo Emerson in His Time. New York: Oxford
University Press: 1979.

Price, Jennifer. “Hats off to Audubon.” Audubon Magazine (December 2004).

Richardson, Robert D., Jr. Emerson: The Mind On Fire. Berkeley: University of California
Press, 1995.

Rybczynski, Witold. A Clearing in the Distance: Frederick Law Olmsted and America in the
19th Century. New York: Scribner, 1999.

Schreiner, Samuel A. The Concord Quartet: Alcott, Emerson, Hawthorne, Thoreau, and the
Friendship that Freed the American Mind. Hoboken: Wiley, 2006.

Sears, John, F. Sacred Places: American Tourist Attractions in the Nineteenth Century.
Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1989.

Sinclair, Jill. Fresh Pond: The History of a Cambridge Landscape. Cambridge: The MIT Press,
2009.

Southworth, Michael and Susan Southworth. Maps: An Illustrated Survey and Design Guide. Boston: New York Graphic Society, Little Brown, 1982.

Southworth, Michael and Susan Southworth. Ornamental Ironwork: An Illustrated Guide to its
Design, History, and Use in American Architecture. Boston: David R. Godine, 1978.

Stier, Maggie and Ron McAdow. Into the Mountains: Stories of New England’s Most
Celebrated Peaks. Boston: Appalachian Mountain Club Books, 1995.

Sturges, Henry C. The Poetical Works of William Cullen Bryant with Chronologies of Bryant’s
Life and a Bibliography of His Writings. New York: AMS Press, 1969.

Thoreau, Henry David. The Illustrated Walden, with Photographs from the Gleason Collection. Princeton:Princeton University Press, 1973.

Thoreau, Henry David. The Journal of Henry David Thoreau: Volumes XIII-XIV. New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1962.

Thoreau, Henry David. Walden. New York: E.P. Dutton & Co., 1904.

Turner, Frederick. Spirit of Place: The making of an American literary landscape. San Francisco:
Sierra Club Books, 1989.

Wilson, William H. The City Beautiful Movement. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University
Press , 1989.

Zaitzevsky, Cynthia. Frederick Law Olmsted and the Boston Park System. Cambridge, MA:
Belknap Press, 1982.

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