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[photo]USCG Cutter Duane
Photo courtesy of Indiana University and Underwater Archaeological Preserves, Florida Division of Historical Resources

The USCG Cutter Duane was built in 1936 at the U.S. Naval Yard in Philadelphia. At 327 feet long, the Duane was one of only seven Treasury class cutters, all named after Secretaries of the Treasury. Duane was third in the series to be built, named for the 11th Secretary of the Treasury, William J. Duane, who served under President Andrew Jackson. The vessel had various assignments before joining the U.S. Atlantic Fleet in 1941. Duane served with distinction during several important wartime and peacetime missions. On April 17, 1943, the Duane and sister ship Spencer sank a German U-Boat. The Duane participated in four rescues at sea, picking up a total of 346 survivors. In 1980, she was an escort vessel for thousands of Cuban refugees coming to the United States. The cutter's last assignments included search and rescue work and drug enforcement.

[photo] Wreckage of USCG Cutter Duane
Photos courtesy of Indiana University and Underwater Archaeological Preserves, Florida Division of Historical Resources

After being decommissioned on August l, 1985, as the oldest active U.S. military vessel, the Duane was intentionally sunk for use as an artificial reef in 1987. The ship's hatches were opened and the holds pumped full of water to sink the ship. On a clear day, the outline of Duane's intact hull can be seen from above. The mast and crow's nest, protruding high above the hull, can be seen at 60 feet below the water line. The navigating bridge is located at 70 feet, just forward of amidships. The superstructure deck is at 90 feet and the main deck lies at l00 feet. The hull structure, completely intact with the original rudders, screws, railings, ladders and ports, makes an impressive display. Duane offers advanced divers an exciting opportunity to explore an intact sunken ship that hosts an impressive community of pelagic and sedentary marine life.

The USCG Cutter Duane lies upright on a sandy bottom in 125 feet of water one mile south of Molasses Reef off Key Largo. Located in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary, the wreck is marked by two mooring buoys, one on the bow and one on the stern, at 24° 59.388' N and 80° 22.888' W. The ship receives thousands of visitors annually; check with local dive shops for further information.

Florida's Shipwrecks: 300 Years of Maritime History features a Teaching with Historic Places online lesson plan, The Spanish Treasure Fleets of 1715 and 1733: Disasters Strike at Sea. This lesson plan has been produced by the National Park Service's Teaching with Historic Places program, which offers a series of online classroom-ready lesson plans on registered historic places. To learn more, visit the Teaching with Historic Places home page.

 

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