[graphic] National Park Service Arrowhead and link to NPS  [graphic] National Park Service Arrowhead and link to NPS
[graphic] National Park Service Black Bar
[graphic] Link to National Register Publications Home Page
 [graphic] Link to National Register Home Page  [graphic] Link to National Register Research Home Page  [graphic] Link to National Register Travel Home Page  [graphic] Link to National Register Education Home Page  [graphic] National Park Service arrowhead and link to NPS.gov
 [graphic] National Register Bulletin: Historic Residential Suburbs

[graphic] Line

U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service

ENDNOTES

Please note: Many of the following references include sources for further reading.

1. David R. Goldfield and Blaine A. Brownell, Urban America: A History, 2d. ed.(Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1990), 289; Leo F. Schnore, "Metropolitan Growth and Decentralization," in The Urban Scene: Human Ecology and Demography, Leo F. Schnore, ed., (New York, 1965), 80, cited in Marc S. Foster, From Streetcar to Superhighway (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1981), 47; Dennis R. Judd and Todd Swanstrom, City Politics (New York: Harper Collins, 1994), 187.

2. This bulletin provides an overview of a national context for suburban development in the United States and a methodology for developing contexts at the local, metropolitan, or State level. The complete national context can be found in the "Historic Residential Suburbs in the United States, 1830 to 1960, Multiple Property Documentation Form." It is available electronically on the National Register Web site at http://www.nr.nps.gov/multiples/64500838.pdf. Printed copies may be requested through e:mail (nr_info@nps.gov) or by writing to National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service, 1849 C. Street, NW, Washington D.C. 20240.

3. See the Public Housing in the United States, 1933-1949, MPS (draft) available from the National Register program.

4. Robert Fishman, Bourgeois Utopias (New York: Basic Books, 1987), 155.

5. John R. Stilgoe, Borderland (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1985); Fishman, Bourgeois Utopias.

6. Kenneth T. Jackson, Crabgrass Frontier (New York: Oxford University Press, 1985)35-37; 37; David Schuyler, The New Urban Landscape (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press), 152; James E. Vance, Geography and the Urban Evolution in the San Francisco Bay (Berkeley: Institute of Governmental Studies, University of California, 1964), 43.

7. Anne D. Keating, Building Chicago (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1988), 14; Jackson, 92-93; Stilgoe, 140; Goldfield and Brownell, 259.

8. Clay McShane and Joel A. Tarr, "The Centrality of the Horse in the Nineteenth Century City," in The Making of Urban America, 2nd ed., ed. Raymond A. Mohl (Wilmington, Del.: SR Books, 1997), 111; Jackson, 39-42.

9. McShane and Tarr, 111; Fishman, 138.

10. Paul L. Knox, Urbanization (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1994), 89; Joel A. Tarr and Josef W. Konvitz, "Patterns in the Development of Urban Infrastructure," in American Urbanism, ed. Howard Gillette Jr. and Zane L. Miller (Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press, 1987), 204.

11. Jackson, 118-120. See also Samuel Bass Warner Jr., Streetcar Suburbs (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1962); Paul H. Mattingly, Suburban Landscapes (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001).

12. Jackson, 119.

13. Foster, 16.

14. See Stilgoe, 239-51; Eric Johannesen, et.al. Shaker Square and Shaker Village H.D. NRHP Nominations, Ohio SHPO, July 1, 1976, and May 31, 1984, and Boundary Increases, December 9, 1983, and January 5, 2001.

15. Foster, 49, 52.

16. Tarr and Konvitz, 210; Mel Scott, American City Planning Since 1890 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971), 186; Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics: Summary to 1985, as quoted in Knox, 107.

17. Peter G. Rowe, Making a Middle Landscape (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1991), 4; Jackson, 181.

18. Tarr and Konvitz, 211.

19. Edward Relph, Modern Urban Landscape (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993), 77; Rowe, Making a Middle Landscape, 186-91; Christopher Tunnard and Boris Pushkarev, Man-Made America (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1966), 160-62.

20. Tarr and Konvitz, 210.

21. Larry R. Ford, Cities and Buildings (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994), 233.

22. Bruce E. Seely, Building the American Highway System (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1987), 67; Tunnard and Pushkarev, 162-67.

23. Tunnard and Pushkarev, 162-65.

24. Rowe, 193; Tom Lewis, Divided Highways (New York: Viking Penguin, 1997; reprinted New York: Penguin Books, 1999), 41-44.

25. Lewis, 54-55.

26. Mark H. Rose, Interstate, rev. ed. (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1990), 19, 26.

27. Rose, 26; Rowe, 194.

28. Rose, 92; Rowe, 195.

29. Warner, 122; Chase, Susan Mulchahey, David L. Ames, and Rebecca Siders, Suburbanization in the Vicinity of Wilmington, Delaware (Newark, Del.: Center for Historic Architecture and Engineering, 1993), 90; Susan Mulchahey Chase, "The Process of Suburbanization and the Use of Restrictive Deed Covenants as Private Zoning" (unpublished Ph.d disertation, University of Delaware, 1995), 119; Marc A. Weiss, The Rise of the Community Builder (New York: Columbia University Press, 1987), 40-42.

30. Weiss, 41-42; Keating, 70. See also William C. Page, et.al., Towards a Greater Des Moines: Development and Early Suburbanization, ca 1880-ca 1920, NRHP MPS, Iowa SHPO, October 25, 1996; James E. Jacobsen, The Bungalow and Square House: Des Moines Residential Growth and Development NRHP MPS, Iowa SHPO, November 21, 2000.

31. Greg Hise, Magnetic Los Angeles (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997), 25; Weiss, 45.

32. Jackson, 177-78; Stilgoe, 258-59; Weiss, 4, 45-46, 50, 57. See also William S. Worley, J.C. Nichols and the Shaping of Kansas City (Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1990); Catharine F. Black, Roland Park NRHP Nomination, Maryland SHPO, December 23, 1974.

33. See Weiss, 53-60.

34. Ibid., 3-4.

35. Hise, 143.

36. Hise, 201-02; Jackson, 231-45. See also Barbara Kelly, Expanding the American Dream (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1993); Gregory C. Randall, America's Original GI Town (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000; Jerry Ditto, Marvin Wax, and Lanning Stern, Design for Living (San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1995); Ned Eichler, The Merchant Builders (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1982).

37. Jackson, 196; Keating, 70-71; Weiss, 32-33; Frank A. Chase, "Building and Loan Advantages: The Why and the Wherefore," New York Tribune, September 2, 1923.

38. Scott, 284.

39. Ibid.; FHA, The FHA Story in Summary, 1934-1959 (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1959), 2.

40. Jackson, 195-97.

41. FHA, FHA Story, 5, 13-17; Jackson, 203-09.

42. "Defense Housing in Brief Retrospect: The Aims and Achievements of Certain Housing Agencies-A Symposium," Landscape Architecture 33, no. 1 (October 1942): 14-19; FHA, FHA Story, 14-15. This bulletin is primarily concerned with legislative incentives that stimulated and influenced private investment in suburban real estate and home construction. The 1937 United States Housing Act (50 Stat. 888) established a federal program of urban public housing and slum clearance under the United States Public Housing Authority, and the 1940 Lanham Act (54 Stat. 1125) established the Federal Works Agency and expanded federal public housing programs to include housing for defense workers. In 1942, the FHA and the public housing programs were consolidated in one agency.

43. See William H. Wilson, The City Beautiful Movement (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994).

44. Quotation is from Weiss, 49.

45. Norman T. Newton, Design on the Land (Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University, 1971), 468-69; Weiss, 69-70; See also Gwendolyn Wright, Building the Dream (New York: Pantheon, 1981), 200-03; Chase, "Process of Suburbanization."

46. Weiss, 70-72.

47. Committee report can be found in John M. Gries and James Ford, eds. Planning for Residential Districts, vol. 1, President's Conference on Home Building and Home Ownership (Washington, D.C.: National Capital Press, 1932), 47-124.

48. The FHA's appraisal system not only encouraged the expansion of residential development on the periphery of many metropolitan areas, but also is said to have contributed to the "redlining" of many urban neighborhoods by the banking industry. For a discussion of the politics and effects of racial restrictions, see Jackson, 197-203, 208-15; G. Wright, Building the Dream, 247-48.

49. Weiss, 67, 72-78, 183-84; Jackson, 241-42.

50. G. Wright, Building the Dream, 213.

51. Committee recommendations can be found in Gries and Ford, eds. Planning, 29-38.

52. Michael Southworth and Eran Ben-Joseph, Streets and the Shaping of Towns and Cities (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1997), 88; Weiss 67, 75, 183-84 fn. 29.

53. Scott, 208-10, 289-93. The first of its type, the Los Angeles Regional Planning Commission was founded in 1922; it influenced zoning regulations in local municipalities and in 1927 adopted a county zoning ordinance. The New York regional plan was developed between 1922 and 1931 under the direction of the Russell Sage Foundation with the expertise of preeminent Garden City planners.

54. See John Archer, "Country and City in the American Romantic Suburb," Journal of Society of Architectural Historians 42, no. 2 (May 1983): 139-56; Schuyler, New Urban Landscape, 149-66; Mary Corbin Sies, "The City Transformed," Journal of Urban History 14, no. 1 (November 1987): 81-111.

55. Archer, 150. See also Ann Leighton, American Gardens of the Nineteenth Century (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1987), 164-72; David Schuyler, Apostle of Taste (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996).

56.Archer discusses other influential books, including William Ranlett, The Architect (1847); Henry Cleaveland, William Backus, and Samiuel Backus, Village and Farm Cottages (1856); Gervase Wheeler, Homes for the People (1855); Calvert Vaux, Villas and Cottages (1857); John Claudius Loudon, The Suburban Gardener and Villa Companion (1838); George E. Woodward, Woodward's Country Homes (1865); articles in The Horticulturalist by Downing, Howard Daniels and others.

57. Alexander Garvin, The American City (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1996), 253.

58. J.John Palen, The Suburbs (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1995), 51-55.

59. Rowe, Making a Middle Landscape, 198.

60. Garvin, 254; Jackson 25-30; Clay Lancaster, Brooklyn Heights (New York: Dover Publications, 1980).

61. Jackson, 81-86; Raymond W. Smith, A. T. Stewart Era Buildings NRHP MRA Nomination, New York SHPO, November 14, 1978.

62. Richard Longstreth, "Maximilian G. Kern," in Pioneers of American Landscape Design, ed. Charles Birnbaum and Robin Karson, (New York: McGraw-Hill, 2000), 209-12; Garvin, 256-58; Stephen J. Raiche, Portland and Westmoreland Places (a.k.a. Forest Park Addition) NRHP Nomination, Missouri SHPO, February 12, 1974.

63. Newton, 471-72. See also Worley, J. C. Nichols.

64. Archer, 150; Schuyler, Apostle of Taste, 206-08.

65. Archer, 154. Archer also discusses the early suburbs of New Brighton on Staten Island and Evergreen Hamlet near Pittsburgh.

66. Schuyler, Apostle of Taste, 208-09; Archer, 154-55. See also Susan Henderson, "Llewellyn Park, suburban idyll," Journal of Garden History 7, no. 3 (1987): 221-43; Robert P. Guter, et.al., Llewellyn Park NRHP Nomination, New Jersey SHPO, February 28,1986.

67. Newton, 468. See also Archer, 155-56; Schuyler, New Urban Landscape, 162-66.

68. Olmsted, Vaux and Company, Preliminary Report upon the Proposed Suburban Village at Riverside (1868), reprinted, "Riverside, Illinois: A Residential Neighborhood Designed Over Sixty Years Ago," ed. Theodora Kimball Hubbard, Landscape Architecture 21, no. 4 (July 1931), 268-69, cited in Newton, 466-67.

69. Garvin, 263. Early Olmsted projects included Tarrytown Heights (1870-1872), New York; Parkside (1872-1886) in Buffalo; Fisher Hill (1884) in Brookline, Mass.; Druid Hills (1889), in Atlanta; Sudbury Park (1876-1892) near Baltimore. Later suburbs by the Olmsted Brothers further perfected the curvilinear suburb combining its naturalistic principles with features inspired by the garden city movement, such as planted medians and cul-de-sacs, and building a reputation on large projects such as Roland Park (1901) and Guilford (1912) in Baltimore; Alta Vista (1900) in Louisville; St. Francis Woods (1915) in San Francisco, and Palos Verdes (1926) near Los Angeles. See also Arleyn A. Levee, "The Olmsted Brothers' Residential Communities," The Landscape Universe (Wave Hill, N.Y.: Catalog of Landscape Records in the United States and National Park Service, 1993), 29-48.

70. See Karen Madsen, "Henry Vincent Hubbard," and Charles A. Birnbaum, "Samuel Parsons Jr.," in Pioneers, ed. Birnbaum and Karson, 177-180, 187-91.

71. Henry V. Hubbard and Theodora Kimball, Introduction to the Study of Landscape Design (New York: Macmillan, 1917), 175-94, plate XXXIII, op. 280; H. V. Hubbard, "The Influence of Topography on the Layout of Subdivisions," Landscape Architecture 18, no. 3 (April 1928): 188-99.

72. T. K. Hubbard, ed., "Riverside," 259-77; Howard K. Menhinick, "Riverside Sixty Years Later," Landscape Architecture 22, no. 2 (1932): 109-17; Rowe, Making a Middle Landscape, 205.

73. Patricia Erigero, et al., Ladd's Addition Historic District NRHP Nomination, Oregon SHPO, August 31, 1988.

74. Wendy Laird, El Encanto Estates Residential H.D. NRHP Nomination, Arizona SHPO, January 29, 1988; Daniel Hardy, et al., Wolflin H.D. NRHP Nomination, Texas SHPO, May 21, 1992.

75. Thomas W. Hanchett, Myers Park H.D. NRHP Nomination, North Carolina SHPO, August 10, 1987.

76. Handlin, 185; Newton, 471-74. See Sally Schwenk, Crestwood NRHP Nomination, Missouri SHPO, October 8, 1998; Lauren Bricker, et. al., Residential Architecture of Pasadena, California, 1895-1918: The Influence of the Arts and Crafts Movement NRHP MPS, California SHPO, August 6, 1998; John C.Terell, Prospect H.D. NRHP Nomination, California SHPO, April 7, 1983; Esley Hamilton and James M. Denny, Brentmoor Park, Brentmoor and Forest Ridge NRHP Nomination, Missouri SHPO, September 23, 1982.

77. See Walter L. Creese, Search for Environment-The Garden City Before and After, rev. ed.(Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992).

78. See Stilgoe, 225-38; Newton, 474-78; Susan L. Klaus, A Modern Arcadia (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press with the Library of American Landscape History, 2001).

79. Ken Hart, Dean Wagner, et al., Guilford H.D. NRHP Nomination, Maryland SHPO, July 19, 2001.

80. Bruce E. and Cynthia D. Lynch, Washington Highlands H.D. NRHP Nomination, Wisconsin SHPO, December 18, 1989.

81. G. Wright, Building the Dream, 203; Fred Mitchell and Marina King, Mariemont H.D. NRHP Nomination , Ohio SHPO, July 24, 1979.

82. Lewis Mumford, "Introduction," in Toward New Towns for America, by Clarence S. Stein, rev.ed, 3d ed. (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1966), 12. See also Kermit C. Parsons, "Collaborative Genius" Journal of American Planning Association 60, no. 4 (Autumn, 1994): 462-82; Stein, 21-35; Henry Wright, Rehousing Urban America (New York: Columbia University, 1935), 36-41; Peter G. Rowe, Modernity and Housing (Cambridge: MIT Press),1993), 114-127.

83. Stein, 36-73; H. Wright, 42. See also Rowe, Making a Middle Landscape, 200-01; Cynthia L. Girling and Kenneth I. Helphand, Yard-Street-Park (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1994), 59-64.

84. Stein, 74-85; H. Wright, 46-50; David J. Vater, Chatham Village H.D. NRHP Nomination, Pennsylvania SHPO, November 25, 1998.

85. Clarence Arthur Perry, "The Neighborhood Unit," Monograph One, Regional Survey of New York and Its Environs, vol.7, Neighborhood and Community Planning (New York: New York Regional Plan Association, 1929), 22-140; Gries and Ford, eds., Planning, 80-82, 122-24; C. A. Perry, Housing for the Machine Age (New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1939), 50-82. See also Hise, 33-35.

86. Gries and Ford, eds., Planning, 6-7, 21, 66, quotation is from 76.

87. Ibid., 59.

88. Ibid., 54-55.

89. Ibid., 52-54, 59, 76.

90. Rowe, Making a Middle Landscape, 204-05; Barry Cullingworth, Planning in the USA (London and New York: Routledge, 1997), 77. See also Girling and Helphand, 85-89; Deborah E. Abele, et.al., Historic Residential Subdivisions and Architecture in Central Phoenix, 1912-1950, NRHP, Arizona SHPO, December 21, 1994; David Kammer, Twentieth Century Suburban Growth of Albuquerque NRHP MPS, New Mexico SHPO, August 3, 2001.

91. Seward H. Mott, "The Federal Housing Administration and Subdivision Planning," Architectural Record 19 (April 1936), 257-63.

92. FHA, Planning Neighborhoods for Small Houses, technical bulletin 5 (Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1936), 8-9.

93. Seward H. Mott, "The FHA Small House Program," Landscape Architecture 33, no. 1 (October 1942): 16; and "Land Planning in the FHA" 1933-44," Insured Mortgage Portfolio 8, no. 4 (1944): 12-14.

94. Miles L. Colean, "An Early FHA Experiment-A Forgotten Chapter in Housing History," Mortgage Banker 38, no. 8 (May 1978):86-88; "A New Policy for Housing," Architectural Forum (August 1936): 150-53.

95. Rowe, Modernity and Housing, 127. See also James M. Goode, Best Addresses (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1988), 332-36; Staff, Virginia Landmarks Commission, Colonial Village NRHP Nomination, Virginia SHPO, December 9, 1980.

96. "Building Types-Low-Rent Suburban Apartment Buildings," Architectural Record 86, no. 3 (September 1939): 88-114.

97. Southworth and Ben-Joseph, 88; Rowe, Making a Middle Landscape, 202, , 205-06. See also Girling and Helphand, 90-94, 94-102; Kelly, 35-37.

98. Weiss, 45.

99. Jackson, 125-127. See Paul E. Sprague, "The Origin of Balloon Framing," Journal of Society of Architectural Historians 40, no. 4 (December 1981): 311-19.

100. Schuyler, Apostle of Taste, 57-60, 128-29.

101. For further discussion and lists of pattern books, see Clifford E. Clark Jr., The American Family Home (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1986); Alan Gowans, The Comfortable House (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1986); Dell Upton, "Pattern Books and Professionalism: Aspects of the Transformation of Domestic Architecture in America, 1800-1860," Winterthur Portfolio 19, no. 1 (spring 1984): 107-150; Gwendolyn Wright, Moralism and the Model Home (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980).

102. Elisabeth Woodburn, "American Horticultural Books," in Keeping Eden, ed. Walter T. Punch (Boston: Massachusetts Horticultural Society and Bulfinch Press, 1992), 252. Other early books include: Country Life: A Handbook of Agriculture, Horticulture and Landscape Gardening (1859) by Robert Morris Copeland; The Practical Gardener (1855) by G.M. Kern; Architecture, Landscape Gardening and Rural Art (1867) by George E. and F.W. Woodward; and Beautifying Country Homes: A Handbook of Landscape Gardening (1870) by Jacob Weidenmann.

103. David Handlin, The American Home (Boston: Little, Brown, 1979), 171-83; David Schuyler, "Introduction," in Victorian Gardens: Art of Beautifying Suburban Home Grounds by Frank J. Scott (1870, reprint, Watkins Glen, New York: American Life Foundation, 1982), n.p.; Ann Leighton, American Gardens of the Nineteenth Century (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1987), 250-60.

104. Clark, 74-75; Gowans, 42.

105. Clark, 76-77; Gowans, 42-46; Robert Gutman, The Design of American Housing (New York: Publishing Center for Cultural Resources, 1985), 34-36. See also James L. Garvin, "Mail-Order Home Plans and American Victorian Architecture," Winterthur Portfolio 16, no. 4 (winter 1981): 309-34; Leland M. Roth, "Getting the House to the People," in Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture IV (1991), 188, and Michael A. "The Palliser Brothers and Their Publications." in The Palliser Late Victorian (Watkins Glen, N.Y.: American Life Foundation, 1978), i-iv.

106. Gowans ascribes the term "homestead- temple house" to this housing type, 94-99.

107. Clark, 131-32,

108. Clark, 167-78; Palen, 38-39.

109. See Clark, 171-91; Gowans, 74-83; Rowe, Making a Middle Landscape, 68-69; Robert Winter, The California Bungalow (Los Angeles: Hennessey & Ingalls, 1980; Clay Lancaster, The American Bungalow (New York: Abbeville Press, 1985). Palen used the term "bungalow suburb" in Suburbs, 51.

110. Gowans, 84; Rowe, Making a Middle Landscape, 73.

111. Gowans, 48-63; Katherine Cole Stevenson and H. Ward Jandl, Houses by Mail (New York: National Trust for Historic Preservation and John Wiley and Sons, 1986), 19.

112. Rowe, Making a Middle Landscape, 84-87; FHA, Principles of Planning Small Houses, technical bulletin 4, rev. ed. (Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1940), 28-29.

113. Gowans 71; Jan Jennings, "Housing the Automobile," in Roadside America, ed. Jan Jennings (Ames: Iowa State University Press and Society for Commercial Archeology, 1990), 95-106.

114. Virginia T. Clayton, The Once and Future Gardener (Boston: David R. Godine, 2000), xxiii-xxxi.

115. Woodburn, 246-48; Robert E. Grese, "Liberty Hyde Bailey" in Pioneers, ed. Birnbaum and Karson, 6-8.

116. Woodburn, 248, 259.

117. G. Wright, Building the Dream, 197-98; Janet Hutchison, "The Cure for Domestic Neglect," in Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture II, ed. Camille Wells (Columbia: University of Missouri, 1989), 168-78; Joseph B. Mason, History of Housing in the U.S., 1930-1980 (Houston: Gulf Publishing, 1982), 16. See also Janet Anne Hutchison, "American Housing, Gender, and the Better Homes Movement, 1922-1935," Ph.D. dissertation (University of Delaware, 1989).

118. Gowans, 65-67; G. Wright, Building the Dream, 199-202; Robert T. Jones, introduction, Small Homes of Architecural Distinction (1929; reprinted as Authentic Small Houses of the Twenties, New York: Dover Publications, 1987), 22.

119. Henry Atterbury Smith, "Acknowledgement," in The Books of A Thousand Homes, vol. 1 (1923; reprinted as 500 Small Houses of the Twenties, New York: Dover Publications, 1990), 5.

120. "Community Development Advantages Demonstrated by Tribune," and "Would Landscaping Help Your Grounds," New York Tribune, September 9, 1923; Marjorie Sewell Cautley, "Planting at Radburn," Landscape Architecture 21, no. 1 (October 1930), 23-29; Girling and Helphand, 65-66; Stephen Child, "Colonia Solana; A Subdivision on the Arizona Desert," Landscape Architecture 19, no. 1 (October 1928), 6-13. In Pioneers, ed. Birnbaum and Karson, see Mary Blaine Korff, "Stephen Child," 49-52; Cydney E. Millstein, "Sidney J. Hare and S. Herbert Hare," 162-68; Nell Walker, "Marjorie Sewell Cautley," 47-49; and Behula Shah, "Ralph E. Griswold," 151-56.

121. Virginia Lopez Begg, "Mrs. Francis King (Louisa Yeomans King)," in Pioneers, ed. Birnbaum and Karson, 216-17. In Pioneers, see also biographies of Steele, Bottomley, Requa, and Waugh.

122. Committee reports, including the results of a survey of small houses and a scorecard for home appraisal, can be found in John M. Gries and James Ford, eds., House Design, Construction and Equipment. Proceedings of the President's Conference on Home Building and Home Ownership (Washington, D.C: National Capital Press, Inc., 1932), 1-110.

123. Committee report can be found in Gries and Ford, eds., Planning, 163-209.

124. FHA, Planning Small Houses (1936), 21-23.

125. Hise, 68-69; FHA, Planning Small Houses (1936-1939 eds.), 24-27.

126. Ibid., 28-33.

127. FHA, Planning Small Houses (rev. ed., 1940), 14-15.

128. Ibid., 37-43.

129. Rental Housing Division, "Architectural Bulletins" (Washington, D.C.:FHA, 1940). See also H. Wright, Rehousing Urban America, 29-50, 99-102,119-28; Perry, Housing for Machine Age, 44-48. Marie Ryan, Buckingham Historic District NRHP Nomination, Virginia SHPO, January 21, 1999.

130. Early in the twentieth century, Architect Grosvenor Atterbury used prefabrication meth-ods in the construction of houses for Forest Hills, Long Island, and Frank Lloyd Wright introduced a process called, American System Ready-Cut, in the construction of several duplexes and small houses in Milwaukee. See Alfred Bruce and Harold Sandbank, A History of Prefabrication (New York: John B. Pierce Foundation, 1943; reprint, New York: Arno Press, 1972); and John Burns, "Technology and Housing," in Preserving the Recent Past, ed. Slaton and Shiffer, II/129-35.

131. Hise, 56-57; Bruce and Sandbank, 10-11.

132. Hise, 58, 62-63; Bruce and Sandbank, 11-12.

133. Ibid., 11, 13-14, 74.

134. FHA, Recent Developments in Building Construction (Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1940), 9, 12.

135. Bruce and Sandbank, 71-74; for a Directory of Wartime Prefabricators, see 61-68. See also H. Ward Jandl, et al. Yesterday's Houses of Tomorrow (Washington D.C.: Preservation Press, 1991), 183-99.

136. Gutman, 12. See also Gilbert Herbert, The Dream of the Factory-Made House (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1984).

137. Mason, 56-57; Better Homes and Gardens 33, no. 3 (March 1955), 192.

138. Jackson, 233.

139. Ibid, 235.

140. Clark, 221-23; Jackson, 234-35; G. Wright, Building the Dream, 251-53.

141. See also Clark, 217-36; G. Wright, Building the Dream, 256-58, and, for profiles on postwar developers, Mason, 48-51.

142. Kelly, 16, 18, 59-65; Rowe, Modernity and Housing, 196-97; Jackson, 235; Girling and Helphand, 94-102.

143. David Gebhard, "Royal Barry Wills and the American Colonial Revival," Winterthur Portfolio 27, no. 1 (spring 1992): 45.

144. Clark, 211; Rowe, Making a Middle Landscape, 73-77.

145. See Clark, 193-216; David Bricker, "Ranch Houses Are Not All the Same," in Preserving the Recent Past 2, ed. Slaton and Foulks, 2/115-23; and "Cliff May," in Toward a Simpler Life, ed. Robert Winter (Berkeley, University of California Press, 1997), 283-90; Esther McCoy and Evelyn Hitchcock, "The Ranch House," in Home Sweet Home, ed. Charles W. Moore (New York: Rizzoli, 1983), 84-89.

146. Clark, 201.

147. Kelly, 80-84.

148. Rowe, 82-84.

149. Jandl, 101, 128-39.

150. Elizabeth A.T. Smith, ed., Blueprints for Modern Living (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1989), 75-76; See also Esther McCoy, Case Study Houses, 1945-1962 (Reprint of Modern California Houses, Santa Monica: Hennessey and Ingalls, 1977), 188-93.

151. For architects working in this style, see Mason, 73-77.

152. Mason, 53; Diane Wray, Arapahoe Acres (Englewood, Col.: Wraycroft, 1997), 4-5, and Arapahoe Acres NRHP Nomination, Colorado SHPO, November 3, 1998.

153. John Hancock Callender, Before You Buy a House (New York: Crown Books, 1953), 31-32, 88-89, 117-19.

154. Hollin Hills (Alexandria, Vir.: Civic Association of Hollin Hills, 2000), 181.

155. Clark, 215; G.Wright, Building the Dream, 251; Helen Stark, "How to Stretch Space in a Small House," Homes and Gardens, 33, no. 3 (March 1955), 56-59+; Thomas Hine, "The Search for the Postwar House," in Blueprints, ed. Smith, 178-81.

156. Mason, 78; Rowe, Modernity and Housing, 126-27; Stein, 86-91, 188-216.

157. Architectural Record, eds., Apartments and Dormitories (New York: F.W. Dodge, 1958), 9. Lake Shore Drive Apartments and 100 Memorial Drive were recognized in the AIA's Cenntennial list of the fifty most influential buildings in America.

158. Rowe, Making a Middle Landscape, 93-94; Hines, 168; Marc Treib, "Thomas Church, Garrett Eckbo, and the Postwar California Garden," in Preserving the Recent Past 2, ed. Slaton and Foulks, 2-149. See also Marc Treib and Dorothee Imbert, Garrett Eckbo (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997).

159. David Streatfield, "Western Expansion," in Keeping Eden, ed. Punch, 110-12.

160. See Callender, 67-76; Marc A. Klopfer, "Theme and Variation at Hollin Hills," and Daniel Donovan, "The Hundred Gardens," in Dan Kiley, ed. William Saunders (Princeton: Princeton Architectural Press, 1999), 37-64.

161. Claudia R. Brown, "Surveying the Suburbs," in Preserving the Recent Past, ed. Slaton and Shiffer, II/105-12.

 

RESOURCES

Reference Services and Specialized Repositories:

The Catalog of Landscape Records in the United States (www.wavehill.org/catalog) A national catalog designed to assist researchers records and repositories documenting the work of landscape architects and landscape architectural firms in the United States. Catalog publishes a quarterly newsletter featuring special collections, advances in records management such as planning digital collections, and researcher queries.

WAVE HILL
675 West 252nd Street
Bronx, New York 104471-2899
Email: catalog@wavehill.org

US COPAR/Cooperative Preservation of Architectural Records. A national network of state or regional committees committed to the preservation of architectural records. A national Newsletter for COPAR was published from 1980-1985 and 1996-1997. Regional guides to architects and architectural firms have been published for New York City, Chicago, Boston, and Philadelphia. A nationwide list of state and regional committees is maintained by the Massachusetts committee and is available electronically (http://libraries.mit.edu/rvc/mcopar/coparcontactinfo.html). National inquiries should be addressed to:

C.Ford Peatross
Curator of Architecture, Design, and Engineering Collections
Prints and Photographs Division
Library of Congress
Washington, DC 20540-4840
Email: cpea@loc.gov

U.S. Geological Survey (http://mapping.usgs.gov) makes available U.S.G.S topographic maps. As part of the Global Land Information System (GLIS), it also makes available the aerial surveys, called digital orthophoto quadrangles or DEQ's, used to revise digital line graphs and topographic maps (http://earthexplorer.usgs.gov).

VAF/Vernacular Architecture Forum maintains a link to a bibliography of published writings on topics such as vernacular housing, landscape design, and planning. Organization regularly publishes a newsletter which contains current bibliography. Proceedings of annual meetings are published periodically by the University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, and University of Missouri Press, Columbia.

Library of Congress maintains an extensive library collection, including books, periodicals, prints and photographs, maps, and microform versions of collections in other repositories. A catalog of bibliographical references and a number of research tools are available online. The Manuscripts Division contains the Frederick Law Olmsted Papers and records of the American Civic Association. Prints and Photographs Collection maintains many original materials and offers an online catalog of many of its holdings; its holdings include the maps of the Sanborn Fire Insurance Company, which are currently being digitized (along with those maintained by the Bureau of Census) and are being made available to libraries on cdrom by a private vendor. A complete set of Garden and Forest is available online (lcweb.loc.gov/preserv/prd/gardfor).

Oral History Association (www.dickinson.edu/organizations/oha.html) maintains an up-to-date bibliography and "Oral History Evaluation Guidelines" (Oral History Association, Pamphlet Number 3, adopted 1989, revised Sept. 2000). Association publishes Oral History Review twice a year.

Library of the U. S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Washington, D.C.. Extensive collection of literature on the history of suburbanization and housing in the United States, including the multi-volume Proceedings of President's Conference on Home Building and Home Ownership (1932) and technical bulletins, circulars, and manuals published by the Federal Housing Administration in the 1930s and 1940s.

Olmsted Archives/Frederick Law Olmsted National Historical Site, 99 Warren Street, Brookline, Massachusetts 02445 (www.nps.gov/frla/). Collection includes general plans and drawings for the firm's many subdivisions. Selected finding aids and guides to the collection are available. A reference volume listing Olmsted projects, The Master List of Design Projects of the Olmsted Firm, 1857-1950 (1987), has been published by the National Association for Olmsted Parks, 1987.

Horticulture Branch Library, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.(www.si.edu/info/libraries-archives). Library of books, trade catalogs, and periodicals related to history of horticulture and landscape design in the United States. Also includes the Archives of American Gardens, an ongoing project of the Garden Club of America, to document American gardens through digitized photographic collection of gardens (www.si.edu/gardens/aag.html).

Division of Rare Books and Manuscripts Collection, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York (http://rmc.library.cornell.edu/collections/). A special collection of manuscripts, drawings, blueprints, and other records pertaining to landscape architecture, architecture and city planning, includes records of masters of design such as John Nolen and Clarence Stein, as well as records of the Regional Plan Association responsible for the New York Regional Plan of the 1920s.

National Agricultural Research Library, Beltsville, Maryland (www.nal.usda.gov/). Extensive library of books on agriculture, horticulture, and landscape architecture,and circulars and bulletins produced nationwide by agricultural extension services and agricultural research stations, including those on home landscaping, roadside plantings, and village improvements. Online catalog, Agricola, is available (www.nal.usda.gov/ag98/english/catalog-basic.html).

Environmental Design Archives, University of California, Berkeley (www.ced.berkley.edu/cedarchives/). Collections document the work of many prominent West Coast architects and landscape architects, including Julia Morgan, Charles Sumner Greene, Garrett Eckbo, Thomas D. Church, and William Wurster. An index describing each collection and providing biographical and bibliographical information is available .

Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University (www.columbia.edu/cu/lweb/indiv/avery). Extensive collection of books, catalogs, plans, periodicals, and oral history collections covering themes in architecture, planning, landscape architecture, and New York area development. Many of the Avery's extensive collection of trade catalogs, architectural guides, and periodicals are available in microform in major libraries.

Frances Loeb Library, Harvard University, Graduate School of Design, Cambridge, Massachusetts. (www.gsd.harvard.edu//library/special collections.html). Special collections include manuscripts, drawings, and plans by a number of noted architects, planners, and landscape architects, including Arthur C. Comey, Eleanor Raymond, Charles Mulford Robinson, Hugh Stubbins, Arthur Shurcliff, Dan Kiley, Robert H. Whitten, Walter Gropius, and John C. Olmsted. Also includes the photographs of photojournalist Jessie Tarbox Beals, including numerous views of residences and gardens.

Dumbarton Oaks Research Library, Washington, D.C. (www.doaks.org/). Contains an extensive collection of books and periodicals on landscape architecture and horticulture.

Library of the Arnold Arboretum, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts (www.icls.harvard.edu/). In conjunction with the Institute for Cultural Landscape Studies, the library maintains an expanding collection of works in landscape conservation, design, history, management, and preservation, particularly related to activities in the northeastern United States.

Winterthur Library and Archives, Wilmington, Delaware (www.winterthur.org/index-library.html). Major library of American domestic design, especially furniture and furnishings. Printed Books and Periodicals Collection contains an extensive collection of home and garden magazines.

Philadelphia Architects and Buildings Project, Philadephia, Pennsylvania (www.philadelphiabuildings.org). A richly illustrated, web-based database providing free public access to information on the Philadelphia region's built environment and on the work of Philadelphia-based architects. Project is jointly sponsored by The Athenaeum of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Architectural Archives, Philadelphia Historical Commission, and Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission.

Eichler Network (www.eichlernetwork.com). California-based organization provides technical information about history and home repair to owners of homes built by merchant Builder Joseph Eichler. In addition to website, network publishes a regular newsletter.

National Archives and Record Centers (www.nara.gov). Several record groups (R.G.) contain information about federal housing programs as well as a wealth of statistical and research data acquired on local housing trends, methods of home construction, and home financing. Although most records are located in Archives II in College Park, Maryland, additional records may exist in regional repositories. Preliminary inventories (P.I.) are available on-line and in published form for most record groups.

Records of the Federal Housing Administration (FHA), dating from 1934, are found in R.G. 31 (P.I. 111, 1965, and P.I. 45, 1952) and includes selected applications for FHA-approved homes, cartographic and written records pertaining to selected examples of FHA-insured, large-scale rental housing complexes, and real estate survey records and rating maps. Records include a representative group of applications for FHA mortgage approval. Unfortunately many of the administrative files for FHA's early years have been lost.

Records of the Emergency Fleet Corporation of the U.S. Shipping Board are found in R.G. 32 (P.I. 97, 1956) and the U.S. Housing Authority of the U.S. Department of Labor are found in R.G. 3 (P.I. 140,1962) include textual, cartographic, and photographic records of World War I emergency housing, 1918-19.

Records for the National Housing Administration established in 1942 to consolidate all federal housing programs (U.S. Public Housing Authority, Federal Housing Administration, Federal Home Loan Bank Board, and World War II housing programs) into one agency are found in the Records of the Housing and Home Finance Agency, R.G. 207 (P.I. 164). These include FHA files on housing statistics and market analyses as well as the records of the Central Housing Committee which was established in 1935 upon the recommendation of the National Resources Board and served as a clearinghouse on all matters pertaining to housing, including land use, prefabricated methods of construction, and financing.

Records of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board are found in R.G. 195 (P.I. NC-94, 1965, manuscript form); cartographic records include several hundred small house designs approved for use by the Federal Home Building Service Plan, 1938-1942. Records of Defense Homes Corporation, 1940-1949, are among the Records of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation in R.G. 234. Records of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development are found in R.G. ((?)). Records for the U.S. Census Records are found in R.G. 29. Records of the U.S. Department of Commerce, in R.G. 167 contain the records of the National Bureau of Standards and the President's Conference on Home Building and Ownership, 1930-33.

Historic Periodicals:

Popular Magazines

American Builder
The American Home
American Homes and Gardens
Better Homes and Gardens
Building Age (later Building Age and The Builder's Journal)
Bungalow Magazine
California Arts and Architecture
California Garden
Carpentry and Building
Cosmopolitan
Country Life in America
The Craftsman
Delineator
The Family Circle and Parlor Annual (The Family Circle)
Garden and Forest
The Garden Magazine (Garden Magazine and Home Builder)
Gardener's Monthly and Horticulturist
Good Housekeeping
Harper's Monthly
The Horticulturist
The House Beautiful
House and Garden
Hovey's Magazine of Horticulture
Keith's Magazine
Ladies' Home Journal
Living Magazine
McCall's
National Builder
Parents' Magazine
Park and Cemetery and Landscape Gardening
Scribner's Magazine
The Small House
Sunset Magazine
Woman's Home Companion
Western Horticultural Review (Horticultural Review and Botanical Magazine)

Professional and Trade Periodicals

American Architect
American Architect and Building News
American Builder
American Carpenter and Builder
American City
American Civic and Planning Annual
American Garden
Annals of Real Estate Practice
Architectural Forum (
formerly Brickbuilder)
Architectural Record
Architectural Review and American Builder's Journal
Arts and Architecture
City Planning
Historical Garden Club of America bulletins
Historical Journal of the New England Garden History Society
House and Home
Housing
Inland Architect
Insured Mortgage Portfolio
Landscape Architecture
NAHB Builder
National Real Estate Journal
Perfect Home
Popular Home
Professional Builder
Progressive Architecture
(formerly Pencil Points)
Regional Planning Notes
Southwest Builders and Contractors
Urban Land Institute Bulletin
Western Architect

Recommended Reading:

Related National Register Bulletins

Defining Boundaries for National Register Properties

Guidelines for Evaluating and Documenting Properties Associated with Significant Persons

Guidelines for Evaluating and Nominating Properties That Have Achieved Significance Within the Last Fifty Years (rev. 1996)

Guidelines for Local Surveys: A Basis for Preservation Planning (rev. 1985)

How to Apply the National Register Criteria of Evaluation

How to Complete the National Register Multiple Property Documentation Form

How to Complete the National Register Registration Form

How to Evaluate and Nominate Designed Historic Landscapes

How to Prepare National Historic Landmark Nominations

Researching A Historic Property (rev. 1998).

All National Register of Historic Places Bulletins

Videotape, The Multiple Property Approach.

List of State Historic Preservation Offices

General History

Fishman, Robert. Bourgeois Utopias: The Rise and Fall of Suburbia. New York: Basic Books, 1987.

Ford, Larry R. Cities and Buildings: Skyscrapers, Skid Rows, and Suburbs. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994.

Hayden, Dolores. The Grand Domestic Revolution: A History of Feminist Design for American Homes, Neighborhoods, and Cities. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1981.

Jackson, Kenneth T. Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.

Stilgoe, John R. Borderland: Origins of the American Suburb, 1820-1939. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1988.

Wright, Gwendolyn. Building the Dream, A Social History of Housing in America. New York: Pantheon Books, 1981.

Methodology, References, and Style Guides

Abele, Deborah Edge, and Grady Gammage, Jr. "Shifting Signposts of Significance." In Preserving the Recent Past 2, ed. Deborah Slaton and William G. Foulks. Washington, D.C.: Historic Preservation Education Foundation, Association for Preservation Technology, and National Park Service, 2000.

Alanen, Arnold R., and Robert Melnick, eds. Preserving Cultural Landscapes in America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000.

Alliance for Historic Landscape Preservation. Historic Landscape Resource Manual. Nachitoches, Louisiana: author and National Center for Preservation Technology and Training, 1999.

Ames, David L. "Interpreting Post-World War II Suburban Landscapes as Historic Resources." In Preserving the Recent Past, ed. Deborah Slaton and Rebecca A. Shiffer. Washington, D.C.: Historic Preservation Education Foundation, 1995.

-_____. "Understanding Suburbs as Historic Landscapes Through Preservation." In Changing Suburbs: Foundation, Form and Function, ed. Richard Harris and Peter J. Larkham. London: E & FN Spon, 1999.

Baker, John Milnes. American House Styles: A Concise Guide. New York: W.W. Norton, 1994.

Beveridge, Charles E., and Carolyn Hoffman, comps. The Master List of Design Projects of the Olmsted Firm, 1857-1950 (1987). New York: National Association for Olmsted Parks, 1987.

Birnbaum, Charles A., ed. The Landscape Universe: Historic Designed Landscapes in Context. Wave Hill, New York: Catalog of Landscape Records in the United States and the National Park Service, 1994.

Birnbaum, Charles A., and Robin Karson, eds. Pioneers of American Landscape Design. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2000.

Blumenson, John J.G., and Nickolaus Pevsner. Identifying American Architecture: A Pictorial Guide to Styles and Terms: 1600-1945. Revised ed. New York: W.W. Norton, 1990.

Brown, Claudia R. "Surveying the Suburbs: Back to the Future?" In Preserving the Recent Past, ed. Deborah Slaton and Rebecca A. Shiffer. Washington, D.C.: Historic Preservation Education Foundation, 1995.

Carley, Rachel. The Visual Dictionary of American Domestic Architecture. New York: Henry Holt, 1997.

Cloues, Richard R. "Architectural History and Historic Preservation: Olmsted's Druid Hills." 11593 5, no. 2 (June 1980): 1-4.

_____. "Historic Residential Landscapes in Georgia: The Georgia Living Places Project." CRM 14, no. 6 (1991): 4-6+.

Craig, Robert W. New Jersey's Building Contracts and Mechanic Liens. Trenton, N.J.: New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, 1999.

Directory of Boston Architects, 1846-1970. Cambridge, Massachusetts: COPAR, 1984.

Dubrow, Gail, and Jennifer Goodman. Restoring Women's History through Historic Preservation." Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, forthcoming.

Ernstein, Julie H. "Landscape Archeology and the Recent Past: A View from Bowie, Maryland." In Preserving the Recent Past 2, ed., Slaton and Foulks.

Francis, Dennis Steadman. Architects in Practice, New York City, 1840-1900. New York: COPAR, 1979.

Georgia Department of Natural Resources. "Georgia's Living Places: Historic Houses in their Landscaped Settings." Atlanta: Georgia Department of Natural Resources, 1991.

Gottfried, Herbert, and Jan Jennings, ed. American Vernacular Design, 1870-1940: An Illustrated Glossary. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1985.

Harris, Richard. "Reading Sanborns for the Spoor of the Owner-Builder, 1890s-1950s." In Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture VII: Exploring Everyday Landscapes, ed. Annmarie Adams and Sally McMurry. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1997.

Hays, Rory. "Take a Ride in the Mark II: Road Map to Post-World War II Residential Design Guidelines." In Preserving the Recent Past 2, ed. Slaton and Foulks.

Hitchcock, Henry-Russell. American Architectural Books: A List of Books, Portfolios and Pamphlets on Architecture and Related Subjects Published in the United States before 1895. New York: DaCapo Press, 1976.

Howe, Barbara J., Dolores A. Fleming, Emory L. Kemp, and Ruth Ann Overbeck. House and Homes: Exploring Their History. The Nearby History Series. Nashville, Tenn.: American Association for State and Local History, 1987.

Jensen, Bruce, and Mary Dillman. Guidelines for Listing Your Neighborhood in the National Register of Historic Places. Austin: Texas Historical Commission, 1999.

Jester, Thomas C., ed. Twentieth-Century Building Materials: History and Conservation. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1995.

Keller, Genevieve P. "The Inventory and Analysis of Historic Landscapes: Defining the Approach." Forum Journal 7, no. 3 (May/June 1993): 26-35.

Krueckeberg, Donald A., ed. American Planner: Biographies and Recollections, second edition. New Brunswick, N.J.: Center for Urban Policy Research, 1994.

Longstreth, Richard. "The Extraordinary Post-War Suburb." Forum Journal 15, no. 1 (fall 2000): 16-25.

Martin, Frank Edgerton. "Before New Urbanism: Postwar Subdivisions Offer Surprising Lessons." Landscape Architecture 91, no.12 (December 2001): 48-51+.

Massey, James C., and Shirley Maxwell. House Styles in America: The Old-House Journal Guide to the Architecture of American Homes. New York: Penguin, 1999.

McAlester, Virginia, and Lee McAlester. America's Historic Neighborhoods and Museum Houses: The Western States. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1998.

_____. A Field Guide to American Houses. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1991.

McClelland, Linda Flint. "Gateway to the Past: Establishing a Landscape's Context for the National Register." In The Landscape Universe: Historic Designed Landscapes in Context, ed. Charles Birnbaum. Wave Hill, New York: Catalog of Landscape Records in the United States and the National Park Service, 1994.

_____. "Historic Residential Suburbs in the National Register." CRM 25, no. 1 (2002).

Mercier, Laurie, and Madeline Buckendorf. Using Oral History in Community History Projects. Los Angeles: Oral History Association Pamphlet Series No.4, 1992.

Moss, Roger W., and Sandra L. Tatum. Biographical Dictionary of Philadelphia Architects: 1700-1930. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1985.

Beveridge, Charles E., and Carolyn Hoffman, comps. The Master List of Design Projects of the Olmsted Firm, 1857-1950 (1987). New York: National Association for Olmsted Parks, 1987.

Poppeliers, John C., Nancy Schwartz, and S. Allen Chambers. What Style Is It? A Guide to American Architecture. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1995.

Ritchie, Donald A. Doing Oral History. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1995.

Schalck, Harry G. "Mini-Revivisionism in City Planning: The Planners of Roland Park." Journal of Society of Architectural Historians 29, no. 4 (December 1970): 347-9.

Shrock, Nancy Carlson. "Images of New England: Documenting the Built Environment." American Archivist 50 (Fall 1987): 474-95.

Shull, Carol D., and Beth Savage. "From the Glass House to Stonewall: National Register Recognition of the Recent Past." In Preserving the Recent Past 2, ed. Slaton and Foulks.

Sies, Mary Corbin. "Toward a Performance Theory of the Suburban Ideal, 1877-1917." In Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture, IV, ed. Bernard L. Herman and Thomas Carter. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1991, 197-207.

Sommer, Barbara W., and Mary Kay Quinlan. "A Guide to Oral History Interviews." Technical Leaflet #210, included in History News, vol. 55, number 3, summer 2000. Nashville, Tenn.: American Association of State and Local History, 2000.

Terrell, Greta. Getting to Know Your 20th Century Neighborhood. Information Sheet. Washington, D.C.: National Trust for Historic Preservation, 1996.

Tishler, William H., ed. American Landscape Architecture: Designers and Places. Washington, D.C. Preservation Press and John Wiley, 1990.

Upton, Dell. "Pattern Books and Professionalism: Aspects of the Transformation of Domestic Architecture in America, 1800-1860." Winterthur Portfolio 19, no. 1 (spring 1984): 107-150.

Walker, Lester. American Shelter: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of the American Home. Woodstock, New York: Overlook Press, 1997.

Whiffen, Marcus. American Architecture Since 1780: A Guide to the Styles, revised edition. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1992.

Withey, Henry F., and Elsie Rathburn Withey. Biographical Dictionary of American Architects. Detroit: Omnigraphics, 1996.

Wray, Diane. "Arapahoe Acres: Preserving a Postwar Modernist Subdivision." In Preserving the Recent Past 2, ed. Slaton and. Foulks.

Political and Social History

Baxandall, Rosalyn, and Elizabeth Ewen. Picture Windows: How the Suburbs Happened. New York: Basic Books, 2000.

Buder, Stanley. Visionaries and Planners: The Garden City Movement and the Modern Community. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Bruegmann, Robert. "The Twenty-Three Percent Solution." American Quarterly 46, no. 1 (March 1994): 31-34.

Crawford, Margaret. Building the Workingman's Paradise: The Design of American Company Towns. London: Verso Books, 1993.

Checkoway, Barry. "Large Builders, Federal Housing Programs, and Postwar Suburbanization," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 4, no. 1 (March 1980): 21-45.

Gardner, Todd. "The Slow Wave: The Changing Residential Status of Cities and Suburbs in the United States, 1850-1940." In North American Cities and Suburbs, ed. Richard Harris. Special Issue. Journal of Urban History 27, no. 3 (March 2001): 293-312.

Harris, Richard. "American Suburbs: A Sketch of a New Interpretation." Journal of Urban History 15, no. 1 (November 1988): 98-103.

_____. "Working-Class Home Ownership in the American Metropolis." Journal of Urban History 17, no. 1 (November 1990): 46-9.

_____. "The Unplanned Blue-Collar Suburb in Its Heyday." In Geographical Snapshots of North America, ed. Donald G. Janelle. New York: Guilford Press, 1992.

_____. North American Cities and Suburbs. Special Issue. Journal of Urban History 27, no. 3 (March 2001).

Harris, Richard, and Robert Lewis. "The Geography of North American Cities and Suburbs, 1900-1950: A New Synthesis." In North American Cities and Suburbs, ed. Richard Harris. Special Issue. Journal of Urban History 27, no. 3 (March 2001): 262-92.

Knox, Paul L. Urbanization: An Introduction to Urban Geography. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1994.

Jackson, Kenneth T. "Race, Ethnicity, and Real Estate Appraisal: The Home Owner's Loan Corporation and the Federal Housing Administration." Journal of Urban History 6, no. 4 (August 1980): 419-52.

Judd, Dennis R., and Todd Swanstrom. City Politics: Private Power and Public Policy. New York: Harper Collins, 1994.

Lake, Robert W. The New Suburbanites: Race and Housing in the Suburbs. New Brunswick, N.J.: Center for Urban Policy Research, Rutgers University, 1981.

Marsh, Margaret. "Reading the Suburbs." American Quarterly 46, no. 1 (March 1994): 40-48.

_____. Suburban Lives. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1990.

Martinson, Tom. The American Dreamscape: The Pursuit of Happiness in Postwar Suburbia. New York: Carrol and Graf Publishers, 2000.

Modell, John. "Suburbanization and Change in the American Family," Journal of Interdisciplinary History 9, Spring 1979, 621-46.

Radford, Gail. Modern Housing for America: Policy Struggles in the New Deal Era. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.

Schnore, Leo F., ed. The Urban Scene: Human Ecology and Demography.

_____. "Bold New City or Built-Up 'Burb? Redefining Contemporary Suburbia." American Quarterly 46, no. 1 (March 1994): 1-30.

Sharpe, William, and Leonard Wallock. "Contextualizing Suburbia." American Quarterly 46, no. 1 (March 1994): 55-61.

Sies, Mary C. "The Domestic Mission of the Privileged American Suburban Homemaker, 1877-1917: A Reassessment." In Making the American Home: Middle Class Women and Domestic Material Culture, 1840-1940, ed. Pat Browne and Marilyn Ferris Motz. Bowling Green, Kentucky: BGSU Popular Press, 1988.

_____. "Moving Beyond Scholarly Orthodoxies in North American Suburban History." In North American Cities and Suburbs, ed. Richard Harris. Special Issue. Journal of Urban History 27, no. 3 (March 2001): 355-61.

Sies, Mary C. "North American Suburbs, 1880-1950: Cultural and Social Reconsiderations." In North American Cities and Suburbs, ed. Richard Harris. Special Issue. Journal of Urban History 27, no. 3 (March 2001): 313-46.

Silver, Marc, and Martin Melkonian, ed. Contested Terrain: Politics and Participation in the Suburbs. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1995.

Szylvian, Kristin M. "Industrial Housing Reform and the Emergency Fleet Corporation." Journal of Urban History 25, no. 5 (July 1999): 647-89.

Thomas, June Manning. "The Forces of Urban Heterogeneity Can Triumph." American Quarterly 46, no. 1 (March 1994): 49-54.

Topalov, Christian. "Scientific Urban Planning and the Ordering of Daily Life: The First 'War Housing' Experiment in the United States, 1917-1919." Journal of Urban History 17, no. 1 (November 1990): 14-45.

Waldie, D.J. Holy Land: A Suburban Memoir. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1996.

Whyte, William H. The Organization Man. Garden City, N.Y. Doubleday Anchor, 1956.

Wiese, Andrew. "The Other Suburbanites: African American Suburbanization in the North Before 1950." Journal of American History 85, no. 4 (March 1999): 1495-524.

_____. "Places of Our Own: Suburban Black Towns before 1960." Journal of Urban History 19, no. 3 (May 1993): 30-54.

Wiese, Andrew. "Stubborn Diversity: A Commentary on Middle-Class Influence in Working-Class Suburbs." In North American Cities and Suburbs, ed. Richard Harris. Special Issue. Journal of Urban History 27, no. 3 (March 2001): 346-54.

Weiss, Marc A. Own Your Own Home: Housing Policy and Home Ownership in America. New York: Columbia University Press, 1991.

Wright, Gwendolyn. Moralism and the Model Home: Social Conflict in Chicago, 1873-1913. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980.

Community Planning, Real Estate Development, and Subdivision Design

Adams, Thomas. Design of Residential Districts. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1934.

Alanen, Arnold R. "Elbert Peets: History as Precedent in Midwestern Landscape Design." In Midwestern Landscape Architecture, ed. William H. Tishler. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2000.

Archer, John. "Country and City in the American Romantic Suburb," Journal of Society of Architectural Historians 42, no. 2 (May 1983): 139-56.

_____. "Ideology and Aspirations: Individualism, the Middle Class, and the Genesis of the Anglo-American Suburb," Journal of Urban History 14, no. 2 (February 1988): 214-53.

Baker, Harrison R., ed. Subdivision Principles and Practices. Los Angeles: California Real Estate Association, 1936.

Batchelor, Peter. "The Origin of the Garden City Concept of Urban Form." Journal of Society of Architectural Historians 28 (1969): 184-200.

Beveridge, Charles E. and Paul Rocheleau. Frederick Law Olmsted: Designing the American Landscape. New York: Universe Publishing, 1998.

Binford, Henry C. The First Suburbs: Residential Communities on the Boston Periphery, 1815-1860. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985.

Birch, Eugenie L. "Radburn and the American Planning Movement." APA Journal 46, no. 4 (1980).

_____. "Radburn and the American Planning Movement: The Persistence of an Idea," Introduction to Planning History in the United States, ed. Donald A. Krueckeberg. New Brunswick: Center for Urban Policy Research, Rutgers University, 1983.

Burgess, Patricia. Planning for Private Interest: Land Use Controls and Residential Patterns in Columbus, Ohio, 1900-1970. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1994.

Christensen, Carol A. The American Garden City and the New Towns Movement. Ann Arbor, Michigan: University of Michigan Research Press, 1986.

Clawson, Marion. Suburban Land Conversion in the United States: An Economic and Government Process. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1971.

Creese, Walter L. The Search for Environment--The Garden City Before and After. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1966. Rev. ed., Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.

Culbertson, Kurt. "George Edward Kessler: Landscape Architect of the American Renaissance." In Midwestern Landscape Architecture, ed. William H. Tishler. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2000.

Cullingworth, Barry. Planning in the USA: Policies, Issues, and Processes. London and New York: Routledge, 1997.

Eichler, Ned. The Merchant Builders. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1982.

Fein, Albert. Frederick Law Olmsted and the American Environmental Tradition. New York: George Braziller, 1972.

Fishman, Robert. "Urbanity and Suburbanity: Rethinking the 'Burbs." American Quarterly 46, no. 1 (March 1994): 35-39.

Fishman, Robert. "The Postwar American Suburb: A New Form, A New City." In Two Centuries of American Planning, ed. Daniel Schaffer. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 1988.

Fishman, Robert. Urban Utopias in the Twentieth Century: Ebenezer Howard, Frank Lloyd Wright, and Le Corbusier. New York: Basic Books, 1977.

Ford, Larry R. Cities and Buildings: Skyscrapers, Skid Rows and Suburbs. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994.

Garner, John S. The Model Company Town--Urban Design through Private Enterprise in Nineteenth-Century New England. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1984.

Garvin, Alexander. The American City: What Works, What Doesn't. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1996.

Gillette, Howard, Jr. "The Evolution of Neighborhood Planning from the Progressive Era to the 1949 Housing Act." Journal of Urban History 9, no. 4 (August 1983): 421-44.

Girling, Cynthia, and Kenneth I. Helphand. Yard--Street--Park: The Design of Suburban Open Space. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1994.

Goldfield, David R. and Blaine A. Brownell. Urban America: A History, second edition. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1990.

Gries, John M., and James Ford, eds. Planning for Residential Districts, vol. 1, President's Conference on Home Building and Home Ownership. Washington, D.C.: National Capital Press, 1932.

Harris, Chauncy. "Suburbs," The American Journal of Sociology 49 (1943), 1-13.

Harris, Richard, and Peter J. Larkham, eds. Changing Suburbs: Foundation, Form and Function, London: E & FN Spon, 1999.

_____. "Industry and Residence: The Decentralization of New York City, 1900-1940," Journal of Historical Geography 19, 2 (1993), 169-90

_____. Unplanned Suburbs: Toronto's American Tragedy, 1900 to 1950. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Hayden, Dolores. "Model Houses for the Millions: The Making of the American Suburban Landscape, 1820-2000." Lincoln Institute of Land Policy Working Paper, WPOODH2, 2000 (available on Lincoln Institute website; book by the same title forthcoming).

Henderson, Susan. "Llewellyn Park, suburban idyll." Journal of Garden History 7, no. 3 (1987): 221-43.

Hise, Greg. "The Airplane and the Garden City: Regional Transformations during World War II". In World War II and the American Dream: How Wartime Building Changed A Nation, ed. Donald Albrecht. Cambridge: MIT Press and National Building Museum, 1995.

_____. Magnetic Los Angeles: Planning the Twentieth Century Metropolis. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997.

Hoffman, Steven J. "'A Plan of Quality ': The Development of Mt. Lebanon, a 1920's Automobile Suburb," Journal Of Urban History 18, 2 (1992), 141-81.

Hoyt, Homer. The Structure and Growth of Residential Neighborhoods in American Cities. Washington, D.C.:GPO, 1939.

Hubbard, Henry V., and Theodora Kimball. An Introduction to the Study of Landscape Design., 1917, rev. ed., 1929. Boston: Hubbard Educational Trust, 1967.

_____. Our Cities Today and Tomorrow: A Survey of Planning and Zoning Progress in the United States.

Hubbard, Henry V. Report of the United States Housing Corporation, vol. 2. Houses, Site-Planning, Utilities. United States Department of Labor, War Emergency Construction. Washington, DC: GPO, 1919.

Hubbard, H. V. Influence of Topography on the Layout of Subdivisions." Landscape Architecture 18, no. 3 (April 1928): 188-99.

Kane, Kevin David, and Thomas L. Bell. "Suburbs for a Labor Elite," Geographical Review .75 (1985), 319-34.

Keating, Anne D. Building Chicago: Suburban Developers and the Creation of a Divided Metropolis. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1988.

Kelly, Barbara. Expanding the American Dream: Building and Rebuilding Levittown. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1993.

Klaus, Susan L. A Modern Arcadia: Frederick Law Olmsted Jr. and the Plan for Forest Hills Gardens. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press with the Library of American Landscape History, 2001.

Kling, Rob et al. (ed.) Postsuburban California, The Transformation of Orange County since World War II. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990.

Kostof, Spiro. City Shaped: Urban Patterns and Meanings Through History. Boston: Little, Brown, 1991.

Krueckeberg, Donald, ed. Introduction to Planning History in the United States. Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Center for Urban Policy Research, 1983.

Langdon, Philip. A Better Place to Live: Reshaping the American Suburbs. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1994.

Lautner, Harold. Subdivision Regulations: An Analysis of Land Subdivision Practices. Chicago: Public Adminstration Service, 1941.

Levee, Arleyn. "The Olmsted Brothers' Residential Communities: A Preview of a Career Legacy." In The Landscape Universe: Historic Designed Landscapes in Context, ed. Charles Birnbaum, Wave Hill, New York: National Park Service and Catalog of Landscape Records in the United States, 1993, 29-48.

Loeb, Carolyn S. Entrepreneurial Vernacular: Developers' Subdivisions in the 1920s. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001.

Lovelace, Eldridge. Harland Bartholomew: His Contributions to American Urban Planning. Urbana: University of Illinois, 1993.

McClelland, Linda Flint. "Suburban Landscapes: The Federal Housing Administration's Principles for Neighborhood Planning and the Design of Small Houses." National Park Service, 2001 (www.nps.gov/nr/publications/bulletins/01workshop/sub_landsc.htm)

McKenzie, Evan. Privatopia: Homeowner Associations and the Rise of Residential Private Government. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996.

Mohl, Raymond A., ed. Making of Urban America Wilmington, Del.: SR Books, 1988, second edition, 1997.

Monchow, Helen C. Use of Deed Restrictions in Subdivision Development. Chicago: Institute for Research in Land Economics, 1928.

Mott, Seward H. "Land Planning in the FHA" 1933-44." Insured Mortgage Portfolio 8, no. 4 (1944): 12-14.

_____. "The Federal Housing Administration and Subdivision Planning." Architectural Record 19 (April 1936), 257-63.

Mott, Seward, Max Wehrly, and Harold Lautner, eds. Community Builder's Handbook. Washington, DC: Urban Land Institute, Community Builders' Council, 1947.

National Association of Home Builders. Home Builders Manual for Land Development. Rev. ed. Washington, DC: National Association of Home Builders, 1950.

Nolen, John. New Towns for Old: Achievements in Civic Improvement in Some American Small Towns and Neighborhoods. Boston: Marshall Jones, 1927.

Newton, Norman, T. Design on the Land: The Development of Landscape Architecture. Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1971.

Palen, J. John. The Suburbs. New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc, 1995.

Parsons, Kermit C. "Collaborative Genius: The Regional Planning Association of America." Journal of American Planning Association 60, no. 4 (Autumn, 1994): 462-82.

Perry, Clarence Arthur. "The Neighborhood Unit." Monograph One, In Regional Survey of New York and Its Environs, vol.7, Neighborhood and Community Planning. New York: New York Regional Plan Association, 1929.

Peterson, Jon A. "The City Beautiful Movement: Forgotten Origins and Lost Meanings." Journal of Urban History 2 (August 1976): 415-34.

_____. City Planning in the United States, 1840-1917: Birth of a Comprehensive Vision. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, forthcoming.

Relph, Edward. The Modern Urban Landscape. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987.

Reps, John. Making of Urban America: A History of City Planning in the United States. Princeton: Princeton University, 1965.

Ring, Gustave. "Large-Scale Housing as a Business," Insured Mortgage Portfolio 1 (June 1937): 5-7, 22.

Ring, Gustave. "Building Money: The Way to Record Breaking Rents." Architectural Forum 71 (August 1939): 135-7.

Rogers, Millard F. John Nolen and Mariemont: Building a New Town in Ohio. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001.

Roper, Laura Wood. F.L.O: A Biography of Frederick Law Olmsted. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1973.

Roth, Darlene. Frederick Law Olmsted's First and Last Suburbs: Riverside and Druid Hills. Bethesda, Maryland: National Association of Olmsted Parks, 1993.

Rowe, Peter G. Making a Middle Landscape. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1991.

Schaffer, Daniel. Garden Cities for America: The Radburn Experience. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1982.

______, ed. Two Centuries of American Planning. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 1988.

Schuyler, David. The New Urban Landscape: Redefinition of Urban Form in Nineteenth-Century America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986.

Schuyler, David, and Kermit Carlyle Parsons, eds. From Garden Cities to Green Cities: The Legacy of Ebenezer Howard. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, in press.

Scott, Mel. American City Planning Since 1890. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971.

Sies, Mary Corbin. "The City Transformed." Journal of Urban History 14, no. 1 (November 1987): 81-111.

_______. "Paradise Retained: An Analysis of Persistence in Planned, Exclusive Suburbs, 1880-1980." Planning Perspectives 12 (1997): 165-91.

Southworth, Michael, and Eran Ben-Joseph. Streets and the Shaping of Towns and Cities. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1997.

Spann, Edward K. Designing Modern America: The Regional Planning Association of America and its Members. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1996.

Stein, Clarence S. Toward New Towns for America. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1963.

Stern, Robert A. M., ed. The Anglo-American Suburb. New York: St. Martin's, 1981. Special issue, Architectural Digest 51 (Oct./Nov. 1981).

Sussman, Carl. Planning the Fourth Migration: The Neglected Vision of the Regional Planning Association of America. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1976.

U.S. Department of Commerce. A City Planning Primer. Washington D.C.: GPO, 1928.

_____. A Zoning Primer. Rev. ed. Washington D.C.: GPO, 1926.

_____. National Bureau of Standards. Model Subdivision Regulations. Washington, D.C.: GPO December 1936.

_____. Advisory Committee on City Planning and Zoning. Model Subdivision Regulations: A Guide for Local Planning Commissions in the Preparation of Local Regulations Governing the Subdivision on Land. Washington, DC: GPO,1932.

U.S. Housing and Home Finance Agency. Suggested Land Subdivision Regulations. Washington, DC: GPO, February 1952.

Vance, James E. Geography and the Urban Evolution in the San Francisco Bay. Berkeley: Institute of Governmental Studies, University of California, 1964.

Warner, Sam Bass, Jr. Streetcar Suburbs: The Process of Growth in Boston (1870-1900), second edition. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1962.

Weiss, Ellen. "Robert Morris Copeland's Plans for Oak Bluffs." Journal of Society of Architectural Historians 34, no. 1 (March 1975): 60-6.

Weiss, Marc A. The Rise of the Community Builders: The American Real Estate Industry and Urban Land Planning. New York: Columbia University Press, 1987.

Weitz, Karen J. "Utopian Place Making--The Built Environment in Arts and Crafts California." In The Arts and Crafts Movement in California: Living the Good Life, ed. Kenneth R. Trapp. Oakland, California: Oakland Museum, and New York: Abbeville Press, 1993, 89-108.

Wood, Edith Elmer. Recent Trends in American Housing. New York: Macmillan Co., 1931.

Worley, William S. J.C. Nichols and the Shaping of Kansas City. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1990.

Yeomans, Alfred B. City Residential Land Development. Studies in Planning. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1916.

Regional Histories and Case Studies

Alanen, Arnold R., and Joseph A. Eden. Main Street Ready-Made: The New Deal Community of Greendale, Wisconsin. Madison: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1987.

Arnold, Joseph L. The New Deal in the Suburbs: A History of the Greenbelt Town Program, 1935-1954. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1971.

Behar, Robert M., and Maurice G. Culot. Coral Gables: An American Garden City. Paris: Editions Norma, 1997.

Bishir, Catherine W. and Lawrence S. Earley, eds. Early Twentieth-Century Suburbs in North Carolina. Raleigh: North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources, 1985.

Buder, Stanley. Pullman: An Experiment in Industrial Order and Community Planning, 1880-1930. New York: Oxford University Press, 1967.

Burns, Leigh, et al. Atlanta Housing 1944 to 1965. Case Studies in Historic Preservation. Atlanta: Georgia State University, 2001, <>.

Candee, Richard. Atlantic Heights: A World War I Shipbuilder's Community. Portsmouth, New Hampshire: P.E. Randall, 1985.

Candee, Richard M., and Greer Hardwicke. "Early Twentieth-Century Reform Housing by Kilham and Hopkins, Architects of Boston." Winterthur Portfolio 22, no. 1 (Spring 1987): 47-80.

Cautley, Marjorie Sewell. "Planting at Radburn." Landscape Architecture 21, no. 1 (October 1930), 23-29.

Chase, Susan Mulchahey, David L. Ames, and Rebecca Siders. Suburbanization in the Vicinity of Wilmington, Delaware, 1880-1950 +/-: A Historic Context. Newark, Delaware: Center for Historic Architecture and Engineering, University of Delaware, 1993.

Child, Stephen, "Colonia Solana; A Subdivision on the Arizona Desert." Landscape Architecture 19, no. 1 (October 1928), 6-13.

Civic Association of Hollin Hills. Hollin Hills: Community of Vision: A Semicentennial History, 1949-1999. Alexandria, Virginia: author, 2000.

Contosta, David R. Lancaster, Ohio, 1800-2000: Frontier Town to Edge City. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1999.

_____. Suburb in the City: Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia, 1850-1990. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1992.

Davies, Jane B. "Llewellyn Park in West Orange, New Jersey." Antiques 107: I (Jan. 1975): 142-58.

Ebner, Michael H. Creating Chicago's North Shore: A Suburban History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1988.

Edel, Matthew, and Elliot D. Sclar and Daniel Luria. Shaky Palaces: Homeownership and Social Mobility in Boston's Suburbanization. New York: Columbia University Press, 1984.

Folpe, Emily. Short History of Washington Square. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, forthcoming.

Hanchett, Thomas W. Sorting Out the New South City: Race, Class, and Urban Development in Charlotte, 1875-1975. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.

Hise, Greg. "Home-Building and Industrial Decentralization in Los Angeles: The Roots of the Postwar Urban Region." Journal of Urban History 19, no. 2 (February, 1993): 95-125.

Hoffman, Steven J. "'A Plan of Quality': The Development of Mt. Lebanon, a 1920's Automobile Suburb," Journal Of Urban History 18, no. 2 (1992): 141-81.

Hovinen, Gary R. "Suburbanization in Greater Philadelphia 1880-1941." Journal of Historical Geography 11, no. 2 (April 1985): 174-95.

Johnson, Marilyn S. The Second Gold Rush: Oakland and the East Bay in World War II. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993.

Knepper, Cathy D. Greenbelt, Maryland: A Living Legacy of the New Deal. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001.

Kratt, Mary Norton, and Thomas Hanchett. Legacy: The Myers Park Story. Charlotte, N.C.: Myers Park Foundation, 1986.

Krim, Arthur, "Los Angeles and the Anti-Tradition of the Suburban City." Journal of Historical Geography 18, January 1992: 121-38.

Lampl, Elizabeth Jo, and Kimberly Prothro Williams. Chevy Chase: A Home Suburb for the Nation's Capital. Annapolis: Maryland Historical Trust Press, 1998.

Little, M. Ruth. "The Other Side of the Tracks: The Middle-Class Neighborhoods That Jim Crow Built in Early Twentieth Century North Carolina." In Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture VII: Exploring Everyday Landscapes, ed. Annmarie Adams and Sally McMurry. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1997, 268-80.

MacColl, E. Kimbark. The Shaping of a City: Business and Politics in Portland, Oregon 1885 to 1915. Portland, Oregon: Georgian Press, 1976.

Marsh, Margaret Sammartino. "Suburbanization and the Search for Community: Residential Decentralization in Philadelphia, 1880-1900," Pennsylvania History 44 (April 1977): 99-116.

Martin, Judith, and David Lanegran. The Residential Districts of Minneapolis and Saint Paul. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1983.

Mattingly, Paul H. Suburban Landscapes: Culture and Politics in a New York Metropolitan Community. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001.

Menhinick, Howard K. "Riverside Sixty Years Later." Landscape Architecture 22, no. 2 (1932): 109-17.

Miller, Roger, and Joseph Siry. "The Emerging Suburb: West Philadelphia, 1850-1880," Pennsylvania History 47, April 1980, 99-145.

Miller, Zane L. Suburb, Neighborhood and Community in Park Forest, Ohio, 1935-1976. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1981.

Nicolaides, Becky M. My Blue Heaven: Life and Politics in the Working-class Surburbs of Los Angeles, 1920-1965, 2002.

Olmsted, Vaux and Company. Preliminary Report upon the Proposed Suburban Village at Riverside (1868). Reprinted in "Riverside, Illinois: A Residential Neighborhood Designed Over Sixty Years Ago," ed. Theodora Kimball Hubbard. Landscape Architecture 21, no. 4 (July 1931), 268-69.

Prosser, Daniel. "Chicago and the Bungalow Boom of the late 1920s," Chicago History 10, Summer 1981, 86-95.

Randall, Gregory C. America's Original GI Town: Park Forest, Illinois. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000

Schwartz, Joel and Daniel, Prosser, eds. Cities in the Garden State: Essays in the Urban and Suburban History of New Jersey. Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall Hunt Publishing Co., 1977.

Sehr, Timothy. "Three Gilded Age Suburbs of Indianapolis: Irvington, Brightwood, and Woodruff Place," Indiana Magazine of History 77, no. 4 (1981).

Simmons-Henry, Linda, and Linda Harris Edmisten. Culture Town: Life in Raleigh's African American Communities. Raleigh, North Carolina: Raleigh Historic Districts Commission, 1993.

Starr, S. Frederick. Southern Comfort: The Garden District of New Orleans. Rev. ed., Princeton: Princeton Architectural Press, c1999.

Warner, Sam Bass, Jr. The Private City: Philadelphia in Three Periods of Its Growth. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1968.

White, Dana F., and Victor A. Kramer, eds. Olmsted South: Old South Critic--New South Planner. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1979.

Wiese, Andrew. "Places of Our Own: Suburban Black Towns before 1960." Journal of Urban History 19, 3 (1992), 47-51.

Wilson, Richard Guy. "Idealism and the Origin of the First American Suburb: Llewellyn Park, New Jersey." The American Art Journal, 11:4 (Oct. 1979): 79-90.

Wilson, William H. The City Beautiful Movement in Kansas City. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1964.

Wilson, William H. Hamilton Park--A Planned Black Community in Dallas. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998.

Wray, Diane. Arapahoe Acres: An Architectural History, 1949-1957. Englewood, Colorado: Wraycroft, 1997.

Zunz, Oliver. The Changing Face of Inequality: Urbanization, Industrial Development, and Immigrants in Detroit, 1880-1920. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982.

Transportation, Utilities, and Public Parks

Bachrach, Julia Sniderman. City in a Garden: A Photographic History of Chicago's Parks. Harrisonburg, Virginia: Center for American Places, 2001.

Baldassare, Mark. Trouble in Paradise: The Suburban Transformation in America. New York: Columbia University Press, 1986.

Bottles, Scott L. Los Angeles and the Automobile: The Making of the Modern City. Berkeley: University of California, 1987.

Cigliano, Jan, and Sarah Bradford Landau, eds. The Grand American Avenue, 1850-1920. San Francisco: Pomegranate Artbooks, 1994.

Davis, Timothy. "Rock Creek and Potomac Parkway, Washington, D.C.: The Evolution of a Contested Urban Landscape." Studies in the History of Gardens and Designed Landscapes: An International Quarterly 19, no. 2 (April-June 1999).

Finch, Christopher. Highways to Heaven: The Autobiography of America. New York: Harper Collins, 1992.

Flink, James J. American Adopts the Automobile, 1895-1910. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1970.

_____. The Automobile Age. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1988.

_____. The Car Culture. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1975.

Foster, Mark S. From Streetcar to Superhighway: American City Planners and Urban Transportation, 1900-1940. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1981.

Hugill, Peter J. "Good Roads and the Automobile in the United States 1880-1929." Geographical Review 72, no. 3 (July 1982): 332-49.

Jakle, John A., and Keith A. Sculle. The Gas Station in America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994.

Kowsky, Francis R. "Municipal Parks and City Planning: Frederick Law Olmsted's Buffalo Park and Parkway System." Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 46 (March 1987): 49-64.

Labatut, Jean and Wheaton J., Lane, eds., Highways in Our National Life: A Symposium. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1950.

Leach, Sara Amy. "Fifty Years of Parkway Construction In and Around the Nation's Capital." In Roadside America: The Automobile in Design and Culture, ed. Jan Jennings. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press and the Society for Commercial Archeology, 1990.

Lewis, Tom. Divided Highways: Building the Interstate Highways, Transforming American Life. New York: Viking Penguin, 1997. Reprint, New York: Penguin Books, 1999.

Martin, Albro. Railroads Triumphant: The Growth, Rejection and Rebirth of a Vital American Force. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.

McShane, Clay, and Joel A. Tarr. "The Centrality of the Horse in the Nineteenth Century City." In The Making of Urban America, 2nd ed., ed. Raymond A. Mohl. Wilmington, Delaware: SR Books, 1997.

McShane, Clay. Down the Asphalt Path: The Automobile and the American City. New York: Columbia University Press, 1995.

McShane, Clay, and Stanley K. Schultz. "To Engineer the Metropolis: Sewers, Sanitation, and City Planning in Late 19th century America." Journal of American History 65 (September 1978): 389-411. Also in The Making of Urban America, ed. Raymond A. Mohl. Wilmington, Delaware: SR Books, 1988.

Melosi, Martin V. Garbage in the Cities: Refuse, Reform, and the Environment, 1880-1890. Environmental Series, no. 4, College Station: Texas A&M Press, 1981.

_____. Effluent America: Cities, Energy, and the Environment. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2001.

_____. The Sanitary City: Urban Infrastructure in America from Colonial Times to the Present. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000.

Nolen, John, and Henry V., Hubbard. Parkways and Land Values. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1937.

Nye, David E. Electrifying America: Social Meanings of a New Technology, 1880-1940. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1990.

Ogle, Maureen. "Water Supply, Waste Disposal, and the Culture of Privatism in the Mid-Nineteenth Century." In Technology and the City, ed. Mark H. Rose and Joel A. Tarr. Special Issue. Journal of Urban History 25, no. 3 (March 1999).

Peterson, Jon A. "The Impact of Sanitary Reform upon American Urban Planning, 1840-1890." Journal of Social History 13 (September 1979): 83-103.

Radde, Bruce. The Merritt Parkway. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993.

Rae, John B. The Road and the Car in American Life. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1971.

_____. The American Automobile: A Brief History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1965.

Rhoads, William. "Roadside Colonial: Early American Design for the Automobile Age, 1900-1940." Winterthur Portfolio 21 (Summer-Autumn 1986): 133-52.

Rose, Mark H. Cities of Light and Heat: Domesticating Gas and Electricity in Urban America. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1995.

_____. Interstate, Express Highway Politics, 1939-1989, revised edition. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1990.

Rose, Mark. H., and Joel A. Tarr, eds. Technology and the City. Special Issue. Journal of Urban History 25, no. 3 (March 1999).

Seely, Bruce E. Building the American Highway System: Engineers as Policy Makers. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1987.

Stilgoe, John R. Metropolitan Corridor: Railroads and the American Scene. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1983.

Tarr, Joel A. The Search for the Ultimate Sink: Urban Pollution in Historical Perspective. Akron, Ohio: University of Akron Press, 1996.

_____. "From City to Suburb: The 'Moral Influence of Transportation Technology." In American Urban History, ed. Alexander B. Callow, Jr. New York: Oxford University Press, 1973, 202-12.

Tarr, Joel A., and Josef W. Konvitz. "Patterns in the Development of Urban Infrastructure." American Urbanism: A Historiographical Review, ed. Howard Gillette Jr. and Zane L. Miller. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1987.

Tunnard, Christopher, and Boris Pushkarev. Man-Made America: Chaos or Control: An Inquiry into Selected Problems of Design in the Urbanized Landscape. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1966.

Wachs, Martin, and Margaret Crawford. The Car and the City: The Automobile, the Built Environment, Daily Urban Life. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1996.

Wilson, William H. The City Beautiful Movement. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 1994.

Zaitzevsky, Cynthia. Frederick Law Olmsted and the Boston Park System. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1982.

Zapatka, Christian. "The American Parkways: Origins and Evolution of the Park-Road." Lotus International 56: 97-128.

House Design and Production

Adamson, Paul, with Marty Arbunich and Ernie Braun. Eichler Homes: Building the California Dream. Layton, Utah: Gibbs Smith, 2002.

Advertisement, National Homes Corporation, Better Homes and Gardens 33, no. 3 (March 1955), 192.

Albrecht, Donald, ed. World War II and the American Dream, Washington D.C.: National Building Museum, and Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1995.

Alex, William, and George B. Tatum. Calvert Vaux: Architect and Planner. New York: Ink, Inc., 1994.

"A New FHA Low Cost Housing Plan," Architectural Forum 63 (November 1935): 520-21.

"A New Policy for Housing." Architectural Forum 65 (August 1936): 150-53

Architectural Record, eds., Apartments and Dormitories. New York: F.W. Dodge, 1958.

Bacon, Mardges. Ernest Flagg: Beaux-Arts Architect and Urban Reformer. New York: The Architectural History Foundation and Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1986.

Bemis, Albert Farwell. The Evolving House. 3 volumes. Cambridge, MA: Technology Press of MIT, 1936.

Berke, Deborah, and Steven Harris, eds. Architecture of the Everyday. Princeton: Princeton Architectural Press, 1997.

Bricker, David. "Cliff May," in Toward a Simpler Life: Arts and Crafts Architects of California, ed. Robert Winter. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997, 283-90.

Bricker, David. "Ranch Houses Are Not All the Same." In Preserving the Recent Past 2, ed. Slaton and Foulks.

Brooks, H. Allen, Jr. The Prairie School: Frank Lloyd Wright and His Midwest Contemporaries. New York: W.W. Norton, 1972 and 1976 (paperback), reissued 1996.

Brooks, H. Allen, Jr. "The Early Work of the Prairie Architects," Journal of Society of Architectural Historians 19, no. 1 (March 1960): 2-10.

Bruce, Alfred, and Harold Sandbank. A History of Prefabrication. 1943. Reprint, New York: Arno Press, 1972.

"Buckingham: A Laboratory for Housing Management." Real Estate Record, national ed., vol. 141 (January 1938).

Buckner, Cory. A. Quincy Jones. New York: Phaidon Press, 2002.

"Building Types-Low-Rent Suburban Apartment Buildings." Architectural Record 86, no. 3 (September 1939): 88-114.

Burnham, Kelly. The Prefabrication of Houses. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1961.

Burns, John A. "Technology, and Housing: Industrialization, Standardization, and Prefabrication, 1930-1950." In Preserving the Recent Past, ed. Slaton and Shiffer.

Callender, John Hancock. Before You Buy a House. New York: Crown Books, 1953.

Cathers, David, and Alexander Vertikoff. Stickley Style: Arts and Crafts Homes in the Craftsman Tradition New York: Simon and Schuster and Archetype Press, 1996.

Chase, Susan Mulchahey, David L. Ames, and Rebecca Siders, Preface, Suburbanization in the Vicinity of Wilmington, Delaware, 1880-1950+/-: A Historic Context. Newark, Del.: Center for Historic Architecture and Design, June 1992.

Clark, Clifford Edward, Jr. The American Family Home, 1800-1960. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1986.

_____. "Domestic Architecture as an Index to Social History: The Romantic Revival and the Culture of Domesticity in America, 1840-1870." Journal of Interdisciplinary History 7 (1976): 33-56.

Cohen, Lizabeth. "Embellishing a Life of Labor: An Interpretation of the Material Culture of American Working-Class Homes, 1885-1915," Journal of American Culture, 3: 4 (1980), 762-63, 770.

_____. "An Early FHA Experiment-A Forgotten Chapter in Housing History." Mortgage Banker 38, no. 8 (May 1978): 86-88.

_____. American Housing: Problems and Prospects. New York: Twentieth Century Fund, 1944.

_____. Housing for Defense: A Review of the Role of Housing in Relation to America's Defense and a Program for Action. New York: Twentieth Century Fund, 1940.

"Community Development Advantages Demonstrated by Tribune." New York Tribune, September 9, 1923.

Cooledge, Harold N., Jr. Samuel Sloan: Architect of Philadelphia, 1815-1884. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1986.

Cromley, Elizabeth Collins. Alone Together: A History of New York's Early Apartments. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1990.

Cromley, Elizabeth Collins, and Carter Hudgins, eds. Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture V: Gender, Class, and Shelter: Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1995.

Davies, Jane B. "Davis and Downing: Collaborators in the Picturesque." In Prophet with Honor: The Career of Andrew Jackson Downing, 1815-1852, ed. George B. Tatum and Elisabeth B. MacDougall. Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks, 1989.

Dean, John P., and Simon Breines. The Book of Houses. New York: Crown Publishers, 1946.

"Defense Housing in Brief Retrospect: The Aims and Achievements of Certain Housing Agencies-A Symposium." Landscape Architecture 33, no. 1 (October 1942): 14-19.

Dietsch, Deborah K. Classic Modern: Mid-Century Modern at Home. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2000.

Ditto, Jerry, Marvin Wax, and Lanning Stern. Design for Living: Eichler Homes. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 1995.

Doan, Mason C. American Housing Production, 1880-2000, Lanham, New Jersey: University Press of America, 1996.

Domer, Dennis. "Escaping the City: New Deal Housing and Gustave Ring's Garden Apartment Villages." In Urban Forms, Suburban Dreams, ed. Malcolm Quantrill and Bruce Webb. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1993, 65-90.

Duchscherer, Paul, and Douglas Keister. The Bungalow: America's Arts and Crafts Home. New York: Penguin Studio, 1995.

_____. Inside the Bungalow: America's Arts and Crafts Interior. New York: Penguin Studio, 1997.

Federal Housing Administration. Successful Subdivisions. Land Planning Bulletin No.1. Washington, DC: GPO, 1940.

_____. The FHA Story in Summary, 1934-1959. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1959.

_____. Rental Housing Division. "Architectural Bulletins." Washington, D.C.:FHA, 1940.

_____. Recent Developments in Building Construction. technical bulletin, Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1940.

Fetters, Thomas T. The Lustron House: The History of a Postwar Prefabricated Housing Experiment. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland, 2002.

Fish, Gertrude S. The Story of Housing. New York: Macmillan, 1979.

Fisher, Oscar. "Buckingham: Housing Laboratory," Architectural Record 83 (January, 1938).

Foy, Jessica H., and Karal Ann Marling, eds. The Arts and the American Home, 1890-1930. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1994.

Foy, Jessica H., and Thomas J. Schlereth, eds. American Home Life, 1880-1930: A Social History of Spaces and Services. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1992.

Garvin, James L. "Mail Order Home Plans and American Victorian Architecture." Winterthur Portfolio 16, no. 4 (winter 1981): 309-34.

_____. "The American Colonial Revival in the 1930s," Winterthur Portfolio 22, no. 2/3 (summer/autumn 1987): 109-48.

_____. "Fifty Years of the American Home." Landscape 8 (autumn 1958): 5-9.

_____. "Royal Barry Wills and the American Colonial Revival." Winterthur Portfolio 27, no. 1 (spring 1992): 45-74.

_____. "The Spanish Colonial Revival in Southern California (1895-1930)." Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 26, no. 2 (May 1967): 131-47.

_____. "Tile, Stucco Walls and Arches: The Spanish Tradition in the Popular American House." In Home Sweet Home, ed. Charles W. Moore, et al. New York: Rizzoli, 1983, 104-11.

Goat, Leslie G. "Housing the Horseless Carriage: America's Early Private Garages." In Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture III, ed. Thomas Carter and Bernard L. Herman. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1989.

Goode, James M. Best Addresses: A Century of Washington's Distinguished Apartment Houses. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1988.

Gowans, Alan. The Comfortable House: North American Suburban Architecture, 1890-1930. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1986.

Grebler,Leo. The Production of New Housing. New York: Social Science Research Council, 1950.

Gregory, Daniel P. "Just Add Water: The Productive Partnership between Thomas Church and Sunset Magazine." In Studies in the History of Gardens and the Designed Landscape 20, no. 2 (April-June 2000): 120-9.

Gregory, Daniel P. "William W. Wurster," in Toward a Simpler Life: Arts and Crafts Architects of California, ed. Robert Winter. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997, 245-54.

_____. "Visions and Subdivisions: Sunset Magazine and the California Ranch House." Architecture California 13, no. 1 (February 1991): 32-35.

Gries, John M., and James Ford, eds. House Design, Construction and Equipment. Proceedings of the President's Conference on Home Building and Home Ownership. Washington, D.C: National Capital Press, Inc., 1932.

Gutman, Robert. "Architects in the Home Building Industry." In Professionals and Urban Form, ed. Judith R. Blau, Mark LaGory, and John S. Pipkin. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press, 1983, 208-23.

Gutman, Robert. The Design of American Housing: A Reappraisal of the Architect's Role. New York: Publishing Center for Cultural Resources, 1985.

Halbert, Blanche. The Better Homes Manual. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1931.

Handlin, David. The American Home: Architecture and Society, 1815-1915. Boston: Little, Brown, and Co., 1979.

Hardwick, M. Jeff. "Homesteads and Bungalows: African-American Architecture in Langston, Oklahoma." In Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture VI: Shaping Communities, ed. Carter L.Hudgins and Elizabeth Collins Cromley. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1997, 21-32.

Harvey, Thomas. "Mail-Order Architecture in the Twenties." Landscape 25, no. 3 (1981): 1-9

Hawkins, William John, and William F. Willingham. Classic Houses of Portland, Oregon: 1850-1950. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press, 1999.

Hayden, Dolores. "Model Houses for the Millions: Architects' Dreams, Builders' Boasts, Residents' Dilemmas." In Blueprints for Modern Living: History and Legacy of the Case Study Houses, ed. Elizabeth A. T. Smith. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1989, 196-211.

Hayward, Mary Ellen, and Charles Belfoure. The Baltimore Rowhouse. Princeton: Princeton Architectural Press, 1999.

Hayward, Mary Ellen. "Urban Vernacular Architecture in Nineteenth-Century Baltimore." Winterthur Portfolio 16, no. 1 (spring 1981): 33-63.

Herbert, Gilbert. The Dream of the Factory-Made House: Walter Gropius and Konrad Wachsmann. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1984.

Hersey, George L. "Godey's Choice." Journal of Society of Architectural Historians 18, no. 3 (October 1959): 104-11.

Hess, Alan. Rancho Deluxe: Rustic Dreams and Real Western Living. San Francisco: Chronicle, 2000.

Hession, Jane King. "Ralph Rapson, Modernist." In Preserving the Recent Past 2, ed. Slaton and Foulks.

Hession, Jane King, Rip Rapson, and Bruce N. Wright. Ralph Rapson: Sixty Years of Modern Design. Afton, Minn.: Afton Historical Society Press, 1999.

Hille, R. Thomas, ed. Inside the Large Small House: The Residential Design Legacy of William W. Wurster. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1994.

Hine, Thomas. "The Search for the Postwar House." In Blueprints for Modern Living: History and Legacy of the Case Study Houses, ed. Elizabeth A. T. Smith. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1989, 166-81.

_____. "Case Study Trouvé: Sources and Precedents, Southern California, 1920-1942." In Blueprints for Modern Living: History and Legacy of the Case Study Houses, ed. Elizabeth A. T. Smith. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1989, 83-106.

_____. Richard Neutra and the Search for Modern Architecture: A Biography and a History. New York: Oxford University Press, 1982.

Historic Homes of Phoenix: An Architectural and Preservation Guide. Phoenix: City of Phoenix, 1992.

Hudson, Karen E. Paul R. Williams, Architect: A Legacy of Style. New York; Rizzoli, 2000.

Hunter, Christine. Ranches, Rowhouses, and Railroad Flats-- American Homes: How They Shape Our Landscape and Neighborhoods, New York: W.W.Norton, 1999.

Hutchison, Janet. "The Cure for Domestic Neglect: Better Homes in America, 1922-1935." In Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture II, ed. Camille Wells. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press, 1986, 168-78.

Ierley, Merritt. The Comforts of Home: The American Home and the Evolution of Modern Convenience. New York: Clarkson Potter, 1999.

Jackson, J. B. "The Domestication of the Garage." In The Necessity for Ruins and Other Topics. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1980. Also published in Landscape 20, no. 2 (winter 1976): 10-17.

Jakle, John. "Twentieth-Century Revival Architecture and the Gentry." Journal of Cultural Geography 1 (1983): 28-45.

Jakle, John, Robert Bastian, and Douglas Meyer. Common Houses in America's Small Towns. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1989.

Jandl, H. Ward, with John A. Burns and Michael J. Auer. Yesterday's Houses of Tomorrow: Innovative American Homes, 1850 to 1950. Washington, D.C.: Preservation Press, 1991.

Jeffers, Grace. "Ralph, Sr., and Sunny Wilson House History: Moments in Time." In Preserving the Recent Past 2, ed. Slaton and Foulks.

Jennings, Jan. "Cheap and Tasteful Dwellings in Popular Architecture." In Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture V, Gender, Class and Shelter, ed. Elizabeth Collins Cromley and Carter L. Hudgins. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1995.

_____. "Housing the Automobile" In Roadside America: The Automobile in Design and Culture, ed. Jan Jennings. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press and the Society for Commercial Archeology, 1990, 95-106.

Jones, Amelia, and Elizabeth A.T. Smith. "The Thirty-six Case Study Projects." In Blueprints for Modern Living: History and Legacy of the Case Study Houses, ed. Elizabeth A. T. Smith. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1989, 41-81.

Kamerling, Bruce. Irving J. Gill, Architect. San Diego: San Diego Historical Society, 1993.

Kaplan, Wendy, ed. "The Art That is Life": The Arts and Crafts Movement in America, 1875-1920. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1987.

Kelly, Burnham. The Prefabrication of Houses. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1961.

Kihlstedt, Folke T. "The Automobile and the Transformation of the American House, 1910-1935," Michigan Quarterly Review (fall 1980/winter 1981): 555-70.

King, Anthony. The Bungalow--The Production of a Global Culture. London: Routledge & Keegan Paul, 1984.

Klaber, Eugene H. Modern Housing. New York: Reinhold Publishing Corporation, 1954.

Kowsky, Francis R. Country, Park, and City: The Architecture and Life of Calvert Vaux. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Lancaster, Clay. The American Bungalow, 1880s-1920s. New York: Abbeville Press, 1985.

Langdon, Philip. American Houses. New York: Stewart, Tabori & Chang, 1987.

Lewis, Pierce. "Common Houses, Cultural Spoor." Landscape 12 (1971): 1-22.

Lupton, Ellen, and J. Abbott Miller. The Bathroom, the Kitchen, and the Aesthetics of Waste. Princeton: Princeton Architectural Press, 1992.

Longstreth, Richard. On the Edge of the World: Four Architects in San Francisco at the Turn of the Century. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1983.

Makinson, Randall L. Greene and Greene: Architecture as a Fine Art. Salt Lake City: Peregrine Smith, 1977.

Mason, Joseph B. History of Housing in the U.S., 1930-1980. Houston, Texas: Gulf Publishing Company, 1982.

McCoy, Esther. "Arts & Architecture Case Study Houses." In Blueprints for Modern Living: History and Legacy of the Case Study Houses, ed. Elizabeth A. T. Smith. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1989, 15-39.

_____. Case Study Houses, 1945-1962. 1962. Reprint of Modern California Houses, with a new introduction, Santa Monica, Calif.: Hennessey & Ingalls, 1977.

McCoy, Esther and Evelyn Hitchcock. "The Ranch House." In Home Sweet Home, ed. Charles W. Moore et al. New York: Rizzoli, 1983, 84-89.

Mitchell, Robert A. "What Ever Happened to Lustron Homes? APT Bulletin 23, no. 2 (1991): 6.

Mock, Elizabeth B. If You Want to Build a House. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1946.

Mott, Seward H. "The FHA Small House Program," Landscape Architecture 33, no. 1 (October 1942) 16.

Moore, Charles, Gerald Allen and Donlyn Lyndon. The Place of Houses. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1974.

Moore, Charles W., Kathryn Smith, and Peter Becker, eds. "Home Sweet Home:" American Domestic Vernacular Architecture. New York: Rizzolli, 1983.

Nelson, George, and Henry N. Wright. Tomorrow's House: How to Plan Your Post-war Home. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1945.

Ore, Janet. "Jud Yoho, 'the Bungalow Craftsman,' and the Development of Seattle Suburbs." In Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture VI: Shaping Communities, ed. Carter L. Hudgins and Elizabeth Collins Cromley. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1997.

Peck, Amelia, ed. Alexander Jackson Davis: American Architect, 1803-1892. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art and Rizzolli Books, 1992.

Perry, C. Housing for the Machine Age. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1939.

Peterson, Gary G. "Home Off the Range: The Origins and Evolution of Ranch Style Architecture in the United States." Design Methods and Theories 23, no. 3 (1989): 1040-59.

Plante, Ellen M. The American Kitchen 1700 to the Present: From Hearth to Highrise. New York: Facts on File, 1995.

Polyzoides, Stefanos, et al. Courtyard Housing in Los Angeles. Princeton: Princeton Architectural Press, 1992.

Pommer, Richard. "The Architecture of Urban Housing in the United States during the Early 1930s." Journal of Society of Architectural Historians 37 (December 1978): 235-64.

Robertson, Cheryl."Male and Female Agendas for Domestic Reform: The Middle-Class Bungalow in Gendered Perspective." Winterthur Portfolio 26, no. 2/3 (summer/autumn 1991): 123-41.

_____. "House and Home in the Arts and Crafts Era: Reforms for Simpler Living." In "The Art That is Life": The Arts and Crafts Movement in America, 1875-1920, ed. Wendy Kaplan. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1987, 336-57.

_____. "The Resort to the Rustic: Simple Living and the California Bungalow." In The Arts and Crafts Movement in California: Living the Good Life, ed. Kenneth R. Trapp. Oakland, California and New York: Oakland Museum and Abbeville Press, 1993, 89-107.

Rosenbaum, Alvin. Usonia: Frank Lloyd Wright's Design for America. Washington, D.C.: Preservation Press, 1993.

Rosenman, Dorothy. "Housing to Speed Production," Architectural Record 91, no. 4 (April 1942): 42-46.

Roth, Leland M. "Getting the Houses to the People--Edward Bok, the Ladies' Home Journal, and the Ideal House." Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture IV, ed. Bernard L. Herman and Thomas Carter. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1991, 187-96.

Roth, Leland M., and Bret Morgan. Shingle Styles: Innovation and Tradition in American Architecture, 1874 to 1982. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1999.

Rowe, Peter G. Modernity and Housing. Cambridge, Massachusetts, and London: MIT Press, 1993.

Rowe, Peter G., and John Michael Desmond. The Shape and Appearance of the Modern American Single-Family House. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Joint Center for Housing Studies of MIT and Harvard University, 1986.

Rubano, Anthony. "The Grille Is Gone: The Rise and Fall of Screen Block." In Preserving the Recent Past 2, ed. Slaton and Foulks.

Scully, Vincent J., Jr. The Shingle Style and the Stick Style: Architectural Theory and Design from Downing to the Origins of Wright. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1955, reprinted 1977 and 1983.

Searing, Helen. "Case Study Houses: In the Grand Modern Tradition." In Blueprints for Modern Living: History and Legacy of the Case Study Houses, ed. Elizabeth A. T. Smith. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1989, 107-29.

Sergeant, John. Frank Lloyd Wright's Usonian Houses: Designs for Moderate Cost One-Family Houses. New York: Whitney Library of Design, 1984.

Sies, Mary Corbin. "God's Very Kingdom on the Earth': The Design Program for the American Suburban Home, 1877-1917." In Modern Architecture in America: Visions and Revisions, ed. Richard Guy Wilson and Sidney K. Robinson. Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1991, 2-31.

Smeins, Linda E. Building an American Identity: Pattern Book Homes and Communities, 1870-1900. Walnut Creek, California: Alta Mira Press, 1999.

Smith, Elizabeth A.T. "Arts & Architecture and the Los Angeles Vanguard." In Blueprints for Modern Living: History and Legacy of the Case Study Houses, ed. Elizabeth A. T. Smith. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1989, 145-65.

_____., ed. Blueprints for Modern Living: History and Legacy of the Case Study Houses. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1989.

Sprague, Paul E. "The Origin of Balloon Framing." Journal of Society of Architectural Historians 40, no. 4 (December 1981): 311-19.

Stark, Helen. "How to Stretch Space in a Small House." Homes and Gardens 33, no. 3 (March 1955), 56-59+.

Starr, Kevin. "The Case Study House Program and the Impending Future: Some Regional Considerations." In Blueprints for Modern Living: History and Legacy of the Case Study Houses, ed. Elizabeth A. T. Smith. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1989, 131-43.

Stevens, John Calvin, II, and Earle G. Shettleworth, Jr. John Calvin Stevens: Domestic Architecture, 1890-1930. Scarborough, Maine: Harp Publications, 1990.

Stevenson, Katherine Cole, and H. Ward Jandl. Houses by Mail: A Guide to Houses from Sears Roebuck and Company. New York: National Trust for Historic Preservation and John Wiley and Sons, 1986.

Sweeting, Adam W. Reading Houses and Building Books: Andrew Jackson Downing and the Architecture of Popular Antebellum Literature, 1835-1855. Hanover, New Hampshire: University Press of New England, 1996.

Schweitzer, Robert, and Michael W.R. Davis. America's Favorite Homes: Mail-Order Catalogues as a Guide to Popular Early 20th-Century Houses. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1990.

Storrer, William Allin. The Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright, Twelfth Printing. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1995.

Szylvian, Kristin M. "Industrial Housing Reform and the Emergency Fleet Corporation." Journal of Urban History 25, no. 5 (July 1999): 647-89.

Tomlan, Michael A. "The Palliser Brothers and Their Publications." In The Palliser's Late Victorian. Watkins Glen, N.Y.: American Life Foundation, 1978, i-iv.

Tomlan, Michael, "Toward the Growth of an Artist Taste." In George F. Barber's Cottage Souvenir No. 2, reprint ed., Watkins Glen, N.Y.: American Life Books, 1982, 5-19.

Trapp, Kenneth R., ed. The Arts and Crafts Movement in California: Living the Good Life. Oakland, California: Oakland Museum, and New York: Abbeville Press, 1993.

Treib, Marc, ed. Everyday Modernism: The Houses of William Wurster. Berkeley: San Francisco Museum of Art and University of California Press, 1995.

Vlach, John Michael. "The Shotgun House: An African-American Legacy." Pioneer America 8 (1976): 47-70.

"War Housing," Architectural Forum 76 (June 1942): 399-412.

"War Needs--Housing," Architectural Record 91 (April 1942): 47-55.

"Washington Housing," Architectural Forum 80, no. 1 (January 1944): 53-64.

Webb, Michael. Modernisn Reborn: Mid-Century American Houses. New York: Universe Publishing, 2001.

Weitz, Karen J. California's Mission Revival. Los Angeles: Hennessey & Ingalls, 1984.

West, Patricia. "The Rise and Fall of the American Porch." Landscape 20 (1976): 42-47.

Whitten, Robert, and Thomas Adams. Neighborhoods of Small Houses. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1931.

Wilson, Richard Guy. "American Arts and Crafts Architecture: Radical though Dedicated to the Cause Conservative." In "The Art That is Life": The Arts and Crafts Movement in America, 1875-1920, ed. Wendy Kaplan. Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1987, 101-31.

_____. "'Divine Excellence': The Arts and Crafts Life in California." In The Arts and Crafts Movement in California: Living the Good Life, ed. Kenneth R. Trapp. Oakland, California and New York: Oakland Museum and Abbeville Press, 1993, 13-34.

_____. "The Arts and Crafts after 1918: Ending and Legacy." In The Arts and Crafts Movement in California: Living the Good Life, ed. Kenneth R. Trapp. Oakland, California and New York: Oakland Museum and Abbeville Press, 1993, 233-46.

Wilson, Richard Guy, and Sidney K. Robinson, eds. Modern Architecture in America: Visions and Revisions. Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1991.

Winter, Robert, and Alexander Vertikoff. American Bungalow Style. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1996.

Winter, Robert. The California Bungalow. Los Angeles: Hennessey & Ingalls, 1980.

Winter, Robert, ed. Toward a Simpler Life: Arts and Crafts Architects of California. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.

Wolfe, Tom, and Leonard Garfield. "'A New Standard for Living': The Lustron House, 1946-1950." In Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture III, ed. Thomas Carter and Bernard L. Herman. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1989.

Wood, Charles B., III. "The New 'Pattern Books' and the Role of the Agricultural Press." In Prophet with Honor: The Career of Andrew Jackson Downing, 1815-1852, ed. George B. Tatum and Elisabeth B. MacDougall. Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks, 1989.

Wood, Edith Elmer. Recent Trends in American Housing. New York: Macmillan, 1931.

Woods, Amy Lamb. "Keeping a Lid on It: Asbestos-Cement Building Materials. In Preserving the Recent Past 2, ed. Deborah Slaton and William G. Foulks. Washington, D.C.: Historic Preservation Education Foundation, Association for Preservation Technology, and National Park Service, 2000.

Wright, Henry. Rehousing Urban America. New York: Columbia University, 1935.

Other Suburban Property Types

Baker, Geoffrey, and Bruno Funaro. Shopping Centers: Design and Operation. New York: Reinhold, 1951.

Clausen, Meredith. "Northgate Regional Shopping Center in Suburb and City." Journal of American Planning Association 51 (autumn 1985): 449-60.

Cohen, Lizbeth. "From Town Center to Shopping Center: The Reconfiguration of Community Marketplaces in Postwar America." American Historical Review, 101 (October 1996): 1050-81.

Funaro, Bruno, and Geoffrey Baker. "Shopping Centers." Architectural Record 106 (no. 2, 1949): 110-35.

Gillette, Howard Jr. "The Evolution of the Planned Shopping Center in Suburb and City." Journal of the American Planning Association 51 (autumn 1985): 449-60.

Gruen, Victor, and Larry Smith. "Shopping Centers: The New Building Type." Progressive Architecture 33, no. 6 (1952): 67-94.

_____. Shopping Towns USA: The Planning of Shopping Centers. New York: Reinhold, 1960.

Jennings, Jan, ed. Roadside America: The Automobile in Design and Culture. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press and the Society for Commercial Archeology, 1990.

Langdon, Philip. Orange Roofs, Golden Arches: The Architecture of American Chain Restaurants. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1986.

Liebs, Chester H. Main Street to Miracle Mile: American Roadside Architecture. Boston: Little, Brown, 1985.

Longstreth, Richard W. City Center to Regional Mall: The Architecture, the Automobile, and Retailing in Los Angeles, 1920 to 1950. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1997.

Longstreth, Richard W. "Diffusion of the Community Shopping Center Concept During the Interwar Decades." Journal of Society of Architectural Historians 56 (September 1997): 268-93.

_____. The Drive-In, the Supermarket, and the Transformation of Commercial Space in Los Angeles, 1914-1941. Cambridge and London: MIT Press, 1999.

_____. "J.C. Nichols, the Country Club Plaza, and Notions of Modernity." Harvard Architectural Review 5:120-35.

_____. "The Neighborhood Shopping Center in Washington, D.C., 1930-1941," Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 51 (March 1992): 5-34.

Muller, Peter O. Suburbanization of Corporate Headquarters. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1978.

Stein, Clarence S. and Catherine Bauer. "Store Buildings and Neighborhood Shopping Centers." Architectural Record 75, no. 2 (February 1934): 174-87.

Venturi, Robert, and Denise Scott Brown. "A Significance for A&P Parking Lots, or Learning from Las Vegas." Architectural Forum (March 1968): 37-43.

Witzel, Michael Karl. The American Drive-In: History and Folklore of the Drive In Restaurant in American Car Culture, Osceola, Wisconsin: Motorbooks, 1994.

Zimerman, M.M. The Super Market: A Revolution in Distribution. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1955.

Yard Design and Gardening

Adams, William Howard. "Breaking New Ground: Twentieth-Century American Gardens". In Keeping Eden: A History of Gardening in America, ed. Walter T. Punch. Boston: Massachusetts Horticultural Society, Bulfinch Press, 1992, 63-79.

Chase, Laura. "Eden in the Orange Groves: Bungalows and Courtyard Houses of Los Angeles." Landscape 25 (3): 29-36.

Clayton, Virginia Tuttle. The Once and Future Gardener: Garden Writing from the Golden Age of Magazines, 1900-1940. Boston: David R. Godine Publishers, 2000.

Doell, M. Christine Klim. Gardens of the Gilded Age: Nineteenth-Century Gardens and Homegrounds of New York State. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1986.

Donovan, Daniel. "The Hundred Gardens: The Social, Historical, and Design Contexts of Hollin Hills." In Daniel Urban Kiley: The Early Gardens, ed. William S. Saunders. New York, NY: Princeton Architectural Press, 1999, 37-46.

Duchscherer, Paul, and Douglas Keister. Outside the Bungalow: America's Arts and Crafts Garden. New York: Penguin Studio, 1999.

Gebhard, David. "Fifty Years of the American Home." Landscape 8 (Autumn 1958): 5-9.

Grese, Robert E. "The Prairie Gardens of O.C. Simonds and Jens Jensen." In Regional Garden Design in the United States, ed. Therese O'Malley and Marc Treib. Washington: D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks, 1995.

_____. Jens Jensen: Maker of Parks and Gardens. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.

Griswold, Mac, and Eleanor Weller. The Golden Age of American Gardens. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1992.

Groth, Paul. "Lot, Yard, and Garden: American Gardens as Adorned Yards." Landscape 30, no. 3 (1988).

_____. "Lot, Yard, and Garden: American Distinctions." Landscape 32 (1990): 29-35.

Gundaker, Grey, and Tynes Cowan, eds. Keep Your Head to the Sky: Interpreting African American Home Ground. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1998.

Gundaker, Grey. "African-American History, Cosmology, and the Moral Universe." Journal of Garden History 14: 179-205.

_____. "Tradition and Innovation in African-American Yards," African Arts 26: 58-71.

Harris, Dianne, "Making Your Private World: Modern Landscape Architecture and House Beautiful." In The Architecture of Landscape, 1940-1960, ed., Marc Treib. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, forthcoming.

Hayward, D.G. "Home as an Environmental and Psychological Concept." Landscape 20 (1975): 2-9.

Helphand, Kenneth I. "McUrbia: The 1950s and the Birth of the Contemporary American Landscape." Places 5, no. 2 (1980): 40-49.

Hill, May Brawley. Grandmother's Garden: The Old-Fashioned American Garden, 1865-1915. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1995.

Howett, Catherine M. "Frank Lloyd Wright and American Residential Landscaping." Landscape 26, no. 1 (1982): 33-40.

_____. "Graces and Modest Majesties: Landscape and Garden Traditions of the American South." In Keeping Eden: A History of Gardening in America, ed. Walter T. Punch. Boston: Massachusetts Horticultural Society, Bulfinch Press, 1992, 81-95.

Hubbard, Henry V., and Theodora Kimball. Introduction to the Study of Landscape Design. New York: Macmillan, 1917.

Hunt, John Dixon, and Joachim Wolschke-Bulmahn, eds. The Vernacular Garden. Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks, 1993.

Imbert, Dorothee. "Of Gardens and Houses as Places to Live: Thomas Church and William Wurster." In Everyday Modernism: The Houses of William Wurster, ed. Marc Treib. Berkeley: San Francisco Museum of Art and University of California Press, 1995.

Jackson, John Brinckerhoff. "The Craftsman Style and Technostyle." In Discovering the Vernacular Landscape. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1984. originally published as "The Craftsman Style," VIA, Philadelphia: Graduate School of Fine Arts, University of Pennsylvania, 1975.

Jackson, J. B. "Several American Landscapes." In Landscapes: Selected Writings of J.B. Jackson, ed. Ervin H. Zube. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1970.

_____. "Nearer than Eden?" In The Necessity for Ruins and Other Topics. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1980. Also published in Landscape 20, no. 2 (Winter 1976): 19-36.

Jellicoe, Geoffrey, et al., eds. The Oxford Companion to Gardens. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Ladd, F. "Residential History: You Can Never Go Home Again." Landscape 21, no. 2 (1977): 15-20.

Jenkins, Virginia Scott. The Lawn: A History of an American Obsession. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1994.

Karson, Robin. Fletcher Steele, Landscape Architect: An Account of the Gardenmaker's Life, 1885-1971. New York: Sagapress/Abrams, 1989.

Klopfer, Mark A. "Theme and Variation at Hollin Hills: A Typological Investigation." In Daniel Urban Kiley: The Early Gardens, ed. William S. Saunders. New York, NY: Princeton Architectural Press, 1999, 47-64.

Laurie, Michael. "The Gift of Thomas Church: With a Visionary Understanding of California's Climate and Clients, This Landscape Architect Created a Lasting Vernacular for Western Garden Design." Horticulture, September 1985.

Lawliss, Lucy. Residential Work of the Olmsted Firm in Georgia, 1893-1937. Winston-Salem, N.C.: Southern Gardens History Society, 1993.

Leighton, Ann. American Gardens of the Nineteenth Century: For Comfort and Affluence. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1987.

Lewis, Pierce. "The Making of Vernacular Taste: The Case of Sunset and Southern Living." In The Vernacular Garden, ed. John Dixon Hunt and Joachim Wolschke-Bulmahn. Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks, 1993, 107-36.

Major, Judith K. To Live in the New World: A.J. Downing and American Landscape Gardening. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1997.

Marranca, Bonnie, ed. American Garden Writing. N.Y.: PAJ Publications, 1988.

O'Malley, Therese. "The Lawn in Early American Landscape and Garden Design." In The American Lawn--Surface of Everyday Life, ed. Georges Teyssot. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton Architectural Press, with Canadian Centre for Architecture, 1999.

O'Malley, Therese, and Marc Treib, eds. Regional Garden Design in the United States. Washington: D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks, 1995.

Padilla, Victoria. Southern California Gardens. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1961.

Punch, Walter T., ed. Keeping Eden: A History of Gardening in America. Boston: Massachusetts Horticultural Society and Bulfinch Press, 1992.

Rogers, Elizabeth Barlow. Landscape Design: A Cultural and Architectural History. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2001.

Saunders, William S., ed. Daniel Urban Kiley: The Early Gardens. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1999.

Schroeder, Fred E.H. Front Yard America: The Evolution and Meanings of a Vernacular Domestic Landscape. Bowling Green, Oh.: BGSU Popular Press, 1993.

Schuyler, David. Apostle of Taste: Andrew Jackson Downing, 1815-1852. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

_____. Introduction to Victorian Gardens: Art of Beautifying Suburban Home Grounds, by Frank J. Scott. 1870. Reprint, Watkins Glen, New York: American Life Foundation, 1982.

Seaton, B. "Gardening Books for the Commuter's Wife, 1900-1937." Landscape 28 (1985): 41-47.

Simo, Melanie L. Loudon and the Landscape: From Country Seat to Metropolis, 1783-1843. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1988.

_____. "Regionalism and Modernism: Some Common Roots". In Keeping Eden: A History of Gardening in America, ed. Walter T. Punch. Boston: Massachusetts Horticultural Society, Bulfinch Press, 1992, 45-61.

Streatfield, David C. "The Arts and Crafts Garden in California." In The Arts and Crafts Movement in California: Living the Good Life, ed. Kenneth R. Trapp. Oakland, California: Oakland Museum, and New York: Abbeville Press, 1993, 35-54.

_____. California Gardens: Creating a New Eden. New York: Abbeville Press, 1994.

_____. "Westward Expansion". In Keeping Eden: A History of Gardening in America, ed. Walter T. Punch. Boston: Massachusetts Horticultural Society, Bulfinch Press, 1992, 110-11.

Tankard, Judith B. The Gardens of Ellen Biddle Shipman. New York: Sagapress and Harry Abrams, 1996.

Tatum, George B. and Elisabeth B. MacDougall, eds. Prophet with Honor: The Career of Andrew Jackson Downing, 1815-1852. Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks, 1989.

______. "Introduction to the Dover Edition," Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening, Adapted to North America, Seventh Edition. New York: Orange Judd, 1865. Reprinted as Landscape Gardening and Rural Architecture. A.J. Downing. New York: Dover Publications, 1991. v-xxii.

Teyssot, Georges, ed. The American Lawn--Surface of Everyday Life. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton Architectural Press, with Canadian Centre for Architecture, 1999.

Thornton, Sally Bullard. Daring to Dream: The Life of Hazel Wood Waterman. San Diego Historical Society, 1987.

Tishler, William H., ed. Midwestern Landscape Architecture. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2000.

Tishler, William H. and Virginia Luckhardt. "H.W.S. Cleveland, Pioneer Landscape Architect to the Upper Midwest." Minnesota History, Fall 1985.

Treib, Marc. "Thomas Church, Garrett Eckbo, and the Postwar California Garden." In Preserving the Recent Past 2, ed. Deborah Slaton and William G. Foulks. Washington, D.C.: Historic Preservation Education Foundation, Association for Preservation Technology, and National Park Service, 2000.

_____. The Architecture of Landscape, 1940-1960. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, forthcoming.

Treib, Marc, and Dorothy Imbert, eds. Special Issue, Thomas Church. Studies in the History of Gardens and the Designed Landscape, 20, no. 2 (April-June 2000).

Treib, Marc, and Dorothy Imbert. Garrett Eckbo: Modern Landscapes for Living. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.

Volkman, Nancy J. "Landscape Architecture on the Prairie: The Work of H.W.S. Cleveland." Kansas History, summer 1987.

Weitz, Karen. "Utopian Place Making: The Built Environment in Arts and Crafts California." In The Arts and Crafts Movement in California: Living the Good Life, ed. Kenneth R. Trapp. Oakland, California: Oakland Museum, and New York: Abbeville Press, 1993, 89-108.

Westmacott, Richard. African-American Gardens and Yards in the Rural South. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1992.

_____. "Pattern and Practice in Traditional African-American Gardens in Rural Georgia." Landscape Journal 10, no. 2 (1991): 87-104.

Woodburn, Elisabeth. "American Horticultural Books." In Keeping Eden: A History of Gardening in America, ed. Walter T. Punch. Boston: Massachusetts Horticultural Society and Bulfinch Press, 1992, 241-59.

"Would Landscaping Help Your Grounds," New York Tribune, September 9, 1923.

Wright, Gwendolyn. "Sweet and Clean: The Domestic Landscape in the Progressive Era." Landscape 20, no. 1 (October 1975): 38-43.

Yoch, James J. Landscaping the American Dream: The Gardens and Film Sets of Florence Yoch, 1890-1972. New York: Sagapress and Abrams, 1989.

Selected Pattern Books, Landscape Guides, and House Catalogs (Reprints and Recent Editions)

Aladdin Company. Aladdin Homes "Built in a Day" Catalog No. 29. 1917. Reprint, New York: Dover Publications, 1995.

Barber, George F., and Company. The Cottage Souvenir No. 2. 1892. Reprint, with an introduction by Michael A. Tomlan, Watkins Glen, New York: American Life Foundation, 1982.

Beecher, Catharine E., and Harriet Beecher Stowe. The American Woman's Home. 1869. Reprint, with an introduction by Joseph Van Why, Hartford: Stowe-Day Foundation, 1975.

Church, Thomas D. Gardens Are for People: How to Plan for Outdoor Living. 3rd ed. Revised by Grace Hall and Michael Laurie, Berkeley: University of California, 1995.

Church, Thomas. Your Private World. San Francisco: Chronicle Publishing, 1962.

Cleaveland, Henry W., William Backus, and Samuel D. Backus. Village and Farm Cottages: A Victorian Style Book. 1856. Reprint of Village and Farm Cottages: The Requirements of American Village Homes, with an introduction by David Schuyler, Watkins Glen, New York: American Life Foundation, 1982.

Cleveland, H.W.S. Landscape Architecture as Applied to the Wants of the West. 1873. Reprint, with an introduction by Daniel Nadenicek and Lance M. Neckar, Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press and Library of American Landscape History, 2001.

Comstock, William Phillips, and Clarence Eaton Schermerhorn. Bungalows, Camps and Mountain Houses. Rev. ed., 1915. Reprint, with an introduction by Tony P. Wrenn, Washington, D.C.: American Institute of Architects Press, 1990.

Copeland, Robert Morris. Country Life: A Handbook of Agriculture and Book of Landscape Gardening. 1866. Reprint, Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press and Library of American Landscape History, forthcoming.

_____. The Architecture of Country Houses, Including Designs for Cottages, and Farm-houses, and Villas. 1850. Reprint, with an introduction by J. Stewart Johnson, New York: Dover Publications, 1969.

_____. A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening. 9th ed., 1875. Reprint, Little Compton, Rhode Island: Theophrastus Publishers, 1977.

Downing, Andrew Jackson. Landscape Gardening and Rural Architecture. 7th ed., 1865. Reprint of Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening, with an introduction by George B. Tatum, New York: Dover Publications, 1991.

_____. Rural Essays. 1894. Reprint, New York: DaCapo Press, 1974.

_____. Victorian Cottage Residences. 1873. Reprint of Cottage Residences or, A Series of Designs for Rural Cottages and Cottage Villas and Their Gardens and Grounds, with a preface by Adolf K. Placzek, New York: Dover Publications, 1981.

Eckbo, Garrett. Landscape for Living. 1950. Reprint, Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press and Library of American Landscape History, forthcoming.

Ely, Helena Rutherfurd. A Woman's Hardy Garden. (1903). Reprint, with a foreword by Ann Lovejoy, New York: Macmillan, 1990.

FHA. Planning Neighborhoods for Small Houses, technical bulletin 5. Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1936.

FHA. Principles of Planning Small Houses. technical bulletin 4. Rev. ed. Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1936.

FHA. Principles of Planning Small Houses. technical bulletin 5. Rev. ed , Washington D.C.: GPO, 1940.

Ford, James, and Katherine Morrow Ford. The Modern House in America. 1940. Reprint of Classic Modern Homes of the Thirties. New York: Dover Publications, 1989.

Fowler, Orson S. The Octagon House: A Home for All. 1853. Reprint of A Home for All, or the Gravel Wall and Octagon Mode of Building, with an introduction by Madeleine B. Stern, New York: Dover Publications, 1973.

Gordon-Van Tine Company. 117 House Designs of the Twenties. 1923. Reprint, New York: Dover Publications, 1992.

Hegemann, Werner, and Elbert Peets. The American Vitruvius: An Architects' Handbook of Civic Art. 1922. Reprint, with an introduction by Alan J. Plattus, preface by Leon Krier, and introductory essay by Christiane Crasemann Collins, New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1988.

Holly, Henry Hudson. Holly's Picturesque Country Seats. 1863. Reprint of Holly's Country Seats and Modern Dwellings, with an introduction by George B. Tatum, New York: Dover Publications, 1993.

Howard, Ebenezer. Garden Cities of Tomorrow. 1898. Reprint. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1965.

Hubbard, Henry V., and Theodora Kimball. Introduction to the Study of Landscape Design. New York: Macmillan, 1929. Reprint, New York: Arno Press, 1974.

Hubbard, Theodora Kimball, and Henry Vincent Hubbard. Our Cities Today and Tomorrow: A Survey of Planning and Zoning Progress in the United States. 1929. Reprint, New York: Arno Press, 1974.

Hutcheson, Martha Brookes. The Spirit of the Garden. 1923. Reprint, with an introduction by Rebecca Warren Davidson, Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press and Library of Landscape History, 2000.

Jones, Robert T., ed. Authentic Small Houses of the Twenties. 1929. Reprint of Small Homes of Architectural Distinction: A Book of Suggested Plans Designed by The Architects' Small House Service Bureau, Inc., New York: Dover Publications, 1987.

Keeler, Charles. The Simple Home. 1904. Reprint, Santa Barbara: Peregrine Smith, 1979.

Miller, Wilhelm. Prairie Spirit of Landscape Gardening. 1915. Reprint, with an introduction by Christopher Vernon, Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press and Library of American Landscape History, 2001.

Nolen, John. New Towns for Old. 1927. Reprint, Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press and Library of American Landscape History, forthcoming.

Palliser, Charles, and George Palliser. The Palliser's Late Victorian. Reprint, with an introduction by Michael A. Tomlan, Watkins Glen, New York: American Life Foundation, 1978.

_____. Palliser's Model Homes. 1878. Reprint, with a foreword by Kermit L. Darrow, Felton, Calif.: Glenwood Publishers, 1972.

Parsons, Samuel Jr. The Art of Landscape Architecture. 1915. Reprint, Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press and Library of American Landscape History, forthcoming.

Radford Architectural Company. Radford's Artistic Bungalows: The Complete 1908 Catalog. 1908. Reprint, New York: Dover Publications, 1997.

Reed, Samuel Burrage. Victorian Dwellings for Village and Country. 1885. Reprint of Dwellings for Village and Country, New York: Dover Publications, 1999.

Roberts, Edith A., and Elsa Rehmann. American Plants for American Gardens. 1929. Reprint, with foreword by Darrel G. Morrison, Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1996.

Scott, Frank J. Victorian Gardens: The Art of Beautifying Suburban Home Grounds. 1870. Reprint of Art of Beautifying Suburban Home Grounds, with an introduction by David Schuyler, Watkins Glen, New York: American Life Foundation, 1982.

Sears, Roebuck and Company. Sears, Roebuck Catalog of Houses, 1926: An Unabridged Reprint. 1926. Reprint of 1926 Catalog of Houses, New York: Dover Publications, 1991.

Shoppell, R.W. et al. Turn-of-the-Century Houses, Cottages, and Villas. Reprint of selections from Building Designs (ca. 1890) and Modern Houses (1890 and 1900), with a publisher's note, New York: Dover Publications, 1983.

Simonds, Ossian Cole. Landscape-Gardening. 1920. Reprint, with an introduction by Robert E. Grese, Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press and Library of American Landscape History, 2000.

Smith, Henry Atterbury, comp. 500 Small Houses of the Twenties. 1923. Reprint of The Books of A Thousand Homes: Volume One, New York: Dover Publications, 1990.

Stickley, Gustav, ed. Craftsman Bungalows: 59 Homes from "The Craftsman." Reprint of selections from The Craftsman published from 1901 to 1916, with an introduction by Alan Weissman, New York: Dover Publications, 1988.

. Craftsman Homes: Architecture and Furnishings of the American Arts and Crafts Movement. 2nd ed., 1909. Reprint, New York: Dover Publications, 1979.

. More Craftsman Homes. 1912. Reprint, New York: Dover Publications 1982.

Sunset Magazine, ed. Sunset Western Ranch Houses. 1946. Reprint, Santa Monica: Hennessey & Ingalls, 1999.

_____. Western Ranch Houses by Cliff May. 1958. Reprint, Santa Monica: Hennessey & Ingalls, 1997.

Unwin, Raymond. Town Planning in Practice: An Introduction to the Art of Designing Cities and Suburbs. 6th impression. 1919. Reprint, with a new preface by Andres Duany and new introduction by Walter Creese, New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1994.

Vaux, Calvert. Villas and Cottages: The Great Architectural Style-Book of the Hudson River School. 2nd ed., 1864. Reprint of Villas and Cottages: A Series of Designs Prepared for Erection in the United States, New York: Dover Publications, 1970.

von Holst, Hermann Valentin. Country and Suburban Homes of the Prairie School Period. 1913. Reprint of Modern American Homes, New York: Dover Publications, 1982.

Waugh, Frank. Book of Landscape Gardening. 1926. Reprint, Amherst, University of Massachusetts Press and Library of American Landscape History, forthcoming.

Weidenmann, Jacob. Victorian Landscape Gardening: A Facsimile of Jacob Weidenmann's Beautifying Country Homes. 1870. Reprint of Beautifying Country Homes, with an introduction by David Schuyler, Watkins Glen, New York: American Life Foundation, 1978.

Wheeler, Gervase. Homes for the People in Suburb and Country. 1855. Reprint, New York: Arno Press, 1972.

Royal Barry Wills Associates. Houses for Good Living. Revised and expanded edition. New York:.Architectural Book Publishing Company, 1993.

Wilson, Henry L. California Bungalows of the Twenties. n.d. Reprint of A Short Sketch of the Evolution of the Bungalow: From Its Primitive Crudeness to its Present State of Artistic Beauty and Cozy Convenience, New York: Dover Publications, 1993.

Dissertations

Burns, Elizabeth Kates. "The Process of Suburban Residential Development: The San Francisco Peninsula, 1860-1970." Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Berkeley, 1974.

Chase, Susan Mulchahey. "The Process of Suburbanization and the Use of Restrictive Deed Covenants as Private Zoning, Wilmington, Delaware, 1900-1941." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Delaware, 1995.

Checkoway, Barry N. "Suburbanization and Community: The Postwar Development and Planning of Lower Bucks County, Pennsylvania." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, 1977.

Clark, James Everett. "The Impact of Transportation Technology on Suburbanization in the Chicago Region, 1830-1920." Ph.D. dissertation, Northwestern University, 1977.

Clouse, Richard Ross. "Where Art is Combined with Nature: Village Improvement in Nineteenth-Century New England," Vol. I-III. Ph.D dissertation, Cornell University, 1987.

Clouser, Roger A. "The Ranch House in America," Ph.D. dissertation, University of Kansas, 1984.

Flint, Barbara J. "Zoning and Residential Segregation: A Social and Physical History, 1910-1940." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Chicago, 1977.

Hancock, John L. "John Nolen and the American City Planning Movement." Ph.d. dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, 1964.

Hawkins, Kenneth B. "The Therapeutic Landscape: Nature, Architecture, and Mind in Nineteenth-Century America." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Rochester, 1991.

Haynes, Bruce. "Constructing a Black Suburban Community: The Genesis and Development of Runyon Heights, Yonkers, New York, 1910-1990." Ph.D dissertation, City University of New York, 1994.

Hutchison, Janet Anne. "American Housing, Gender, and the Better Homes Movement, 1922-1935." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Delaware, 1989.

Kehler, Joel R. "A House Divided: Domestic Architecture as American Romantic Subject and Symbol." Ph.D. dissertation, Lehigh University, 1975.

Lynch, Bruce E. "Shaker Heights: The Garden Suburb in America." Ph.d. dissertation, University of Illinois, 1978.

Martin, Christopher. "Tract House Modern: A Study of Housing Design and Consumption in the Washington Suburbs, 1946-1960," Ph.D. dissertation, George Washington University, 1999.

Merino, James Anthony. "A Great City and Its Suburbs: Attempts to Integrate Metropolitan Boston, 1865-1920." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Texas at Austin, 1968.

Michelson, Alan R. "Towards a Regional Synthesis: The Suburban and Country Residences of William Wilson Wurster, 1922-1964." Ph.D. dissertation, Stanford University, 1993.

Pardun, Carol Jean. "How the Architectural Style of the House Relates to Family Television Viewing." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Georgia, 1992.

Prendergast, Norma. "The Sense of Home: Nineteenth Century Domestic Architectural Reform." Ph.D dissertation, Cornell University, 1981.

Rome, Adam Ward. "Prairie Creek Hills Estates: An Environmental History of American Homebuilding, 1945-70." Ph.D dissertation, University of Kansas, 1996.

Sies, Mary Corbin. "American Country House Architecture in Context: The Suburban Ideal of Living in the East and Midwest, 1877-1917." Ph.D dissertation, University of Michigan, 1987.

Taylor, Henry Louis. "The Building of a Black Industrial Suburb: The Lincoln Heights, Ohio, Story." Ph.D. dissertation, State University of New York at Buffalo, 1979.

Weise, Andrew. "Struggle for the Suburban Dream: African American Suburbanization Since 1916." Ph.D dissertation, Columbia University, 1993.

Wheaton, William Linous Cody. "The Evolution of Federal Housing Programs." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Chicago, 1953.

Wilson, Leslie. "Dark Spaces: An Account of Afro-American Suburbanization." Ph.D dissertation, City University of New York, 1991.

Theses

Bobeczko, Laura Lyn. "America Builds for Her Renter Millions: The Built Legacy of the Rental Housing Division of the Federal Housing Administration, 1935-1942." M.A. thesis, George Washington University, 1999/2000.

Bricker, David. "Built For Sale: Cliff May and the Low Cost California Ranch House." M.A. thesis, University of California, Santa Barbara, 1983.

Christgau, Eugene. "Unincorporated Communities in Cook County." M.A. thesis, University of Chicago, 1942.

Hamley, Kara Cathleen. "Cleveland's Park Allotment: Euclid Heights, Cleveland Heights, Ohio, and Its Designer, Ernest W. Bowditch." M.A. thesis, Cornell University, 1996.

Korff, Mary Blaine. "Stephen Child: Visionary Landscape Architect." M.A. thesis, University of Arizona, Tuscon, 1991.

Moudry, Roberta M. "Gardens, Houses, and People: The Planning of Roland Park, Baltimore." M.A. thesis, Cornell University, 1990.

Savage, Beth Lynn. "The Inception and Early Historical Development of the Planned Neighborhood Shopping Center in the Washington Area from 1930 to 1942." M.A. thesis, George Washington University, 1989.

Sechrist, Stephanie Ann. "Silver Spring, Maryland: Residential Development of a Washington Suburb, 1920 to 1935." M.A. thesis, George Washington University, 1993.

Struble, Kristie Dixon. "Hollin Hills: The Introduction of Nature into a Mid-Twentieth Century Suburb." M.A. thesis, University of Virginia, 1987.

Williams, Robert Luther. "Eighty Years of Subdivision Design: An Historical Evaluation of Land Planning Techniques in San Mateo County, California." M.C.P. thesis, University of California, Berkeley, 1952.

Zarakov, Barry. "California Planned Communities of the 1920s." M.A. thesis, University of California, Santa Barbara, 1977.

Selected Multiple Property Listings for Further Reading

Multiple Property Submission "covers" are available at (http://www.nr.nps.gov/nrcover.htm)

Apartment Hotels in Birmingham, 1900-1930, TR, Alabama

Lustron Houses in Alabama MPS, Alabama

Spanish Revival Residences in Mobile MPS, Alabama

Historic Apartment Buildings MPS, Arkansas

Historically Black Properties in Little Rock's Dunbar School Neighborhood MPS, Arkansas

Little Rock Apartment Buildings MPS, Arkansas

Educational Buildings in Phoenix MPS, Arizona

Residential Subdivisions and Architecture in Phoenix MPS, Arizona

Roosevelt Neighborhood MRA, Arizona

Bungalow Courts of Pasadena TR, California

Lilian Rice-Designed Buildings at Rancho Santa Fe MPS, California

Los Angeles Branch Library System TR

Residential Architecture of Pasadena, California, 1895-1918: The Influence of the Arts and Crafts Movement MPS

Wartime Emergency Housing in Bridgeport, Connecticut, 1916-1920, MPS

Parkways of the National Capital Region MPS, District of Columbia, Maryland, and Virginia

Apartment Buildings in Washington, D.C., 1880-1945, MPS

Clubhouses of Florida's Woman's Clubs MPS

Winterhaven, Florida MPS

Lustron Houses in Georgia MPS

Shotgun Houses of Athens, Clark County, MPS, Georgia

Boise Public Schools TR, Idaho

Tourtellotte and Hummel Architecture TR, Idaho

American Woman's League Chapter Houses TR, Illinois

Chicago Park District MPS, Illinois

Highland Park MRA, Illinois

Historic Resources of Maywood, Illinois, MPS

Hyde Park Apartment Hotels TR, Illinois

Illinois Carnegie Libraries MPS

Suburban Apartment Buildings in Evanston TR, Illinois

Apartments and Flats of Downtown Indianapolis TR, Indiana

The Bungalow and Square House: Des Moines Residential Growth and Development MPS, Iowa

Iowa Usonian Houses by Frank Lloyd Wright, 1945-1960, MPS

Prairie School Architecture in Mason City TR, Iowa

Small Homes of Howard F. Moffitt in Iowa City and Coralville, Iowa, MPS

Suburban Development in Des Moines Between the World Wars, 1918-1941, MPS, Iowa

Towards a Greater Des Moines: Development and Early Suburbanization, ca 1880-ca 1920, MPS, Iowa

Lustron Houses of Kansas, MPS

Louisville and Jefferson County MPS, Kentucky

Historic Residential Architecture of Bangor MPS, Maine

Brookline MRA, Massachusetts

Newton MRA, Massachusetts

Stoneham MRA, Massachusetts

Water Supply System of Metropolitan Boston MPS, Massachusetts

Worcester Three-Deckers TR, Massachusetts

Residential Structures in Kansas City, Missouri, by Mary Rockwell Hook TR

St. Joseph MPS, Missouri

Armour Boulevard MRA, Missouri

Suburban Schools in Butte MPS, Montana

Nineteenth Century Terrace Houses TR, Nebraska

Lustrons in New Jersey, MPS

Operating Passenger Railroad Stations, TR, New Jersey

Multi-Unit Dwellings in Albuquerque MPS, New Mexico

Albuquerque Downtown Neighborhoods MRA, New Mexico

Twentieth Century Suburban Growth of Albuquerque MPS, New Mexico

A.T. Stewart Resources, Garden City, New York, TR

Hudson Highlands MPS, New York

Masten Neighborhood Rows TR, New York

Olmsted Parks and Parkways TR, Buffalo, New York

African-American Neighborhoods in Northeastern Winston-Salem MPS, North Carolina

Early Twentieth Century Raleigh Neighborhoods TR, North Carolina

Eastlake Houses of Ashly TR, Ohio

Hobart Welded Steel Houses TR, Ohio

Architecture of Ellis F. Lawrence MPS, Oregon

Craftsman Bungalows in Descutes County MPS, Oregon

Middle-Class Apartments in East Portland MPS, Oregon

Philadelphia Public Schools TR, Pennsylvania

Pittsburgh Public Schools TR, Pennsylvania

Early Twentieth Century Schools in Puerto Rico TR

Single-Family Houses in Rhode Island MPS

Cement Construction in Richard City MPS, Tennessee

Lustron Houses in South Dakota MPS

Memphis Park and Parkway System MPS, Tennessee

Oak Ridge MPS, Tennessee

Public Schools of Memphis, 1902-1915, MPS, Tennessee

Residential Resources of Memphis MPS, Tennessee

Entrepreneurial Residences of Turn-of-the-Century Provo, Utah, TR

Perkins Addition Streetcar Suburb TR, Utah

Three-Story Apartment Buildings in Ogden, Utah, 1908-1928, MPS

Hilltop Neighborhood MPS, Washington

Olympia Residential Architecture MPS, Washington

Women's History in Olympia MPS, Washington

Ernest Flagg Stone Masonry Houses of Milwawkee County TR, Wisconsin

Public Library Facilities of Wisconsin MPS

 

[graphic] Line [graphic] Link to Top of Page [graphic] Link to Previous Page

National Register Home | Publications Home | Previous Page |
Comments or Questions

JPJ